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Top-level links to some of the more significant additions and updates made at this site in reverse chronological order:

  1. 2019/03/14 — HTML Version High Tech— Latest developments.
  2. 2019/03/12 — HTML Version Internet Journals — Alternative media.
  3. 2019/03/09 — HTML Version Extracting energy from the vacuum — Some ways it can be done. Further. And more.
  4. 2019/03/06 — HTML Version Monetary Reform Act — One way to solve the problem of excessive national debt, from Milton Friedman
  5. 2019/03/01 — HTML Version  Calendar Reform — A better system
  6. 2019/02/31 — HTML Version  How to Survive a Solar Proton Flare —  One or more solar proton events may have caused a mass extinction event 12900 years ago, and could happen again.
  7. 2019/02/31 — HTML Version  Earth Changes —  What may be coming.
  8. 2019/02/21 — HTML Version  Earth Rule — In the end there can be only one.
  9. 2019/02/02 — HTML Version  Where Aren't They? — The galaxy may be crowded with aliens.
  10. 2019/02/02 — HTML Version  Crossings through Space and Time (near death experience)
  11. 2016/12/03 — HTML Version Direct and Indirect tax, Jon Roland
  12. 2016/12/03 — HTML Version  Coup against U.S. — Coup plots against U.S 
  13. 2015/07/02 — HTML Version Suffolk Resolves (1774) — Developed the issues that led to the Declaration of Independence.
  14. 2015/04/16 —  The North Briton, Number 45, John Wilkes. (1763) — Inspired the Americans to demand their rights, and when Wilkes and others were prosecuted for seditious libel for this article, led the Americans to conclude there was to be no reconciliation with the English crown; it also inspired the First and Fourth Amendments.
  15. 2015/02/26 —  Howell's State Trials — A Collection of important State Trials, from 1063 through 1815, compiled and edited by Thomas Bayly Howell, in 33 Volumes. These cases provide precedents that defined many of the terms used in the U.S. Constitution.
  16. 2014/12/13 — HTML Version or Menu Ferguson Grand Jury
  17. 2014/12/12 — PDF Version A Caveat Against Injustice, or An Inquiry into the Evils of a Fluctuating Medium of Exchange, Roger Sherman, 1752. One of the Framers presents his theory of money.
  18. 2014/11/29 — PDF Version A Treatise on the Law of Citizenship, Prentiss Webster, 1891. Early classic treatise.
  19. 2014/11/29 — PDF Version A Treatise on American Citizenship, John S. Wise, 1906. Early classic treatise.
  20. 2014/11/29 — PDF Version The Legal-Tender Acts, considered in relation to their constitutionality and their political economy, Samuel T. Spear, 1875. Early classic treatise.
  21. 2014/11/29 — PDF Version The Theory of the Common Law, James M. Walker, 1852. Early classic treatise.
  22. 2014/11/29 — PDF Version A Treasury of Legal Quotations, ed. Paul C. Cook, 1961. Excellent collection.
  23. 2014/11/29 — PDF Version A Treatise on the Law Concerning Names and Changes of Name, Arthur Charles Fox-Davies, 1906. Early classic treatise.
  24. 2014/11/29 — PDF Version The Treaty Power under the Constitution of the United States, Robert T. Devlin, 1908. Early classic treatise.
  25. 2014/11/29 — PDF Version Trading with the Enemy in World War II, Martin Domke, 1943. Review of cases.
  26. 2014/10/04 — PDF Version Money and Civilization, Alexander del Mar, 1867. Early classic treatise.
  27. 2014/10/04 — PDF Version History of Monetary Systems, Alexander del Mar, 1895. Early classic treatise.
  28. 2014/10/04 — PDF Version History of Money in America, Alexander del Mar, 1899. Early classic treatise.
  29. 2014/10/04 — PDF Version Natural Law of Money, William Brough, 1896. Early classic treatise.
  30. 2014/10/04 — PDF Version Gold and Silver Coinage under the Constitution, U.S. Statutes, 1789-1896.
  31. 2014/10/04 — PDF Version Legal Tender: A Study in English and American Monetary History, S.P. Breckinridge, 1903.
  32. 2014/10/04 — PDF Version The First and Second Banks of the United States, John Thom Holdsworth, Davis Dewey, 1910.
  33. 2014/10/04 — PDF Version State Banking Before the Civil War, Davis Dewey; The Safety Fund Banking System in New York: 1829-1866, Robert Paddock, 1910.
  34. 2014/09/01 —   Observations on the new Constitution, and on the Federal and State Conventions, Columbian Patriot [Mercy Otis Warren], (1788) — Opposition to ratification of the U.S. Constitution without a bill of rights, from a leading intellectual leader of the American Revolution.
  35. 2014/09/01 —   History of the rise, progress, and termination of the American Revolution, Mercy Otis Warren. (1805) — History from one of the leading intellectual leaders of the American Revolution.
  36. 2014/08/25 — PDF Version Founding-Era Translations of the United States Constitution — The Constitution was translated from English into German and Dutch at ratification, for the substantial number of people in Pennsylvania and New York who did not speak English. This document sets out the different texts and translations alongside one another.
  37. 2014/06/15 — Local Link - HTML U.S. Treasury Reports, complete collection, 1789-1980.
  38. 2014/06/04 —  Politics and the English Language, George Orwell (1946) — Short essay on the political uses of English.
  39. 2014/05/24 — HTML Version Nineteen Propositions from Parliament to Charles I, and his answer, (1642) — Parliament demanded power from the king, and he made a defense of mixed government. This was the break that led to the English Civil War.
  40. 2014/05/20 — PDF Version Remote PDF Version Women's Rights in Early England, Christine G. Clark, Brigham Young University Law Review 1, 1995.
  41. 2014/05/12 — HTML Version Journals of the Continental Congress, 1774-1789 — Government under the Articles of Association and Articles of Confederation.
  42. 2014/05/11 — HTML Version What Is Enlightenment?, Immanuel Kant tr. Mary C. Smith (1784)
  43. 2014/05/10 — HTML Version PDF Version A Readable Edition of Coke upon Littleton, ed. Thomas Coventry (1830) — Cleaned but with the margin notes omitted. HTML version still needs some work.
  44. 2014/05/01 — PDF Version A Treatise on the Constitutional Limitations Which Rest Upon the Legislative Powers of The States of the American Union, Thomas M. Cooley (1868) — Commentary reflecting constitutional thought at the time.
  45. 2014/05/01 — PDF Version HTML
            Version The General Principles of Constitutional Law in the United States of America, Thomas M. Cooley (1891) — Introduction by the leading constitutional scholar of his era.
  46. 2014/05/01 — PDF Version An Inquiry into the Principles and Policy of the Government of the United States, John Taylor (1814) — A response to John Adams' A Defense of the Constitutions of Government of the United States of America by a leading theorist of the Jeffersonian republicans.
  47. 2014/05/01 — HTML Version Letters of Junius, Unknown (1767-72), Volume I — Letters from an English Whig and ally of Lord Camden against the efforts of Lord Mansfield to restrict the role of juries, and on other constitutional topics.
  48. 2014/05/01 — PDF version Institutes of natural law, Thomas Rutherforth (1754, Second American ed. 1832) — Lectures on Grotius De jure belli et pacis.
  49. 2014/04/28 — PDF Version Law Dictionary, Jacob Giles, 6th Ed. 1750.
  50. 2014/04/28 — HTML Version Reading recommended to the Continental Congress — Indicating what works may have influenced the drafting of the U.S. Constitution
  51. 2014/04/20 —  Iberian Constitutional History, 600-1492. May have inspired development of constitutional thought in England and other countries.
  52. 2014/04/06 —  Constitution of the Holy Roman Empire, (962-1806) — A dominant European nation that was a confederation of states, headed by an elected monarch with limited power. It's "constitution" provided some ideas to the American Framers.
  53. 2014/04/05 — HTML Version Fonet: A new phonetic alphabet for English — Essential for spelling reform.
  54. 2014/03/31 — HTML Version Dissoi Logoi: Two-Fold or Contrasting Arguments, Anonymous (c. 425 BCE), Presentation of the method of using opposing arguments to elicit understanding, and as a tool of the sophists.
  55. 2014/03/30 — HTML Version PDF Version Select Documents of English Constitutional History, George Burton Adams and H. Morse Stephens (1904) — Collection of excerpts from the main documents that comprise the English "constitution".
  56. 2014/03/30 —  PDF text under image The English Constitution, Walter Bagehot (1872) — Discussion of the English "constitution" as of that time.
  57. 2014/03/08 — HTML Version Statute of Quo Warranto (1290) — Codified the writ of quo warranto as a pleading in English courts, and laid the basis for the writ of habeas corpus.
  58. 2013/11/30 — HTML Version Swiss Federal Charter (1291) — The beginning of the Swiss federal republic that inspired Locke's notion of the social contract and the American Constitution.
  59. 2013/11/29 — HTML Version Union of Utrecht, (1579, tr. Herbert H. Rowen 1972) — Treaty that formed the basis of the constitution of the United Provinces of the Netherlands and was the inspiration for the American Articles of Confederation.
  60. 2013/07/18 —  Brevissima Relacion, or Short Report on the Destruction of the Indies, Bartolomι de las Casas (1474-1566) — Spanish Dominican priest, early champion of the rights of indigenous peoples. One-sided but influential polemic that brought pressure to better treat Native Americans and recognize natural rights of people everywhere.
  61. 2013/06/22 —   Elementary Catechism on the Constitution of the United States, Arthur J. Stansbury (1828) — Q&A for the teaching of students.
  62. 2013/05/24 — Submenu Early State Constitutions — State constitutions in use from independence through adoption of the U.S. Constitution, for which they served as models.
  63. 2013/01/10 — HTML Version Liber Augustalis, or, Constitutions of Melfi (1231) — Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II established basic laws for the Kingdom of Sicily that provided model for later constitutions of government.
  64. 2012/09/03 — HTML Version Charter of the Forest (Carta de Foresta) (1217) — Henry III established rights of freemen to use forest resources.
  65. 2012/05/23 — HTML Version Reforms of Simon de Mortfort (1258-65) — Had he not lost a battle, his reforms might have ended monarchy and established republican government four centuries before Cromwell and Lilburne.
  66. 2012/05/03 — PDF Version Internment and Resettlement Operations, U.S. Dept. of the Army, FM 3-39.40, February, 2010 — The manual outlines policies for processing detainees into internment camps both globally and inside the United States.
  67. 2012/04/20 — HTML Version or Menu U.S. Grand Jury Standards, Jon Roland — Specification for a grand jury system to comply with original understanding of the U.S. Constitution.
  68. 2011/11/22 — HTML Version Internal Revenue Regulations — Through 2003.
  69. 2011/02/09 — PDF Version Word
            Version De Moneta, Nicholas Oresme, 1484. Translated from Latin by Charles Johnson — Classic treatise on money and coinage.
  70. 2011/01/09 —     The crisis: or, Essays on the usurpations of the federal government, Robert James Turnbull, Brutus (pseud.) (1827) — Discusses the misconstructions of the Constitution by the Supreme Court and Congress from a Jeffersonian standpoint, and develops the concept of state-level nullification.
  71. 2011/01/04 — HTML Version Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. Act of Congress, sometimes called "Obamacare", which threatens our constitutional liberties.
  72. 2010/12/11 — Remote Link - HTML Varieties of jurisdiction, Jon Roland.
  73. 2010/10/08 — HTML Version Adobe PDF Judicial Tyranny and Your Income Tax, Jeffrey Dickstein, 1990, 2010 — Review of leading cases, showing compensation for labor is not "income" subject to taxation.
  74. 2010/07/13 —  Georgicum: or a supplement to the mirror of justices; being an account of some instances of the practice of former times, in order to the improvement of justice and safeguard of the constitution, Anonymous (1716) — Recounts how corrupt judges were held accountable.
  75. 2010/02/22 — HTML Version or Menu Contemporary Opinion of the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions, Frank Maloy Anderson, The American Historical Review, No. 1, pp. 45-63 (October 1899), and No. 2, pp. 225-252 (December 1899) — Review of reactions to those resolutions.
  76. 2010/02/18 — HTML Version Section 1706 — Example of tax code being used to suppress small competitors.
  77. 2009/10/04 — HTML Menu Lectures on the Constitution — Jon Roland, 2008-2009.
  78. 2009/10/04 — HTML Menu Continental Congress 2009 Videos — Including those from the Oct. 3, 2009, Meet the Candidates gathering at the Silver Eagle Taphouse, McQueeney, Texas, and the Austin election Oct. 10, 2009.
  79. 2009/08/06 — HTML Version or Menu Logic of Judges, by Jon Roland — Discussion of how judges are logically challenged.
  80. 2009/07/26 — HTML Version Word Version The Laws and Liberties of Massachusetts, Excerpts (Adopted 1647, published 1648) — Codification of major parts of the common law that served as a constitution for Massachusetts into the 18th century.
  81. 2009/04/13 — HTML Version or Menu Draft Amendments to U.S. Constitution — A few amendments that might help return constitutional construction to original understanding.
  82. 2009/04/13 — HTML Version Military Affairs. Reports to the U.S. Congress on military and militia matters. Volume 1 contains reports from Mar. 3, 1789, through Mar. 3, 1819. See particularly the reports on militia organization and militia returns showing organization and strength. Provides insight into original thinking on militia and the right to keep and bear arms.
  83. 2009/04/07 — HTML Version Parliamentary Procedure — Links to resources on making decisions in deliberative assemblies.
  84. 2009/04/06 — HTML Version or Menu Wikipedia Articles of Interest. Check these for fidelity to their subjects.
  85. 2009/04/05 — Remote Link - HTML U.S. State Legislative Rules of Procedure — Rules for each state.
  86. 2009/03/25 — Local Link - HTML Translations of Robert's Rules of Order, Revised — First translation is into Portuguese.
  87. 2008/08/26 — Local Link - HTML Local Link - PDF Local Link - Text Mostly Unconstitutional: The Case Against Precedent Revisited, Gary Lawson, 5 Ave Maria L.R. 1 (2007).
  88. 2008/08/26 — Local Link - HTML Local Link - PDF Local Link - Text The Constitutional Case Against Precedent, Gary Lawson, 17 Harv. J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 23, 24 (1994).
  89. 2008/06/27 — PDF Version Black's Law Dictionary, 2nd Ed. 1910.
  90. 2008/06/24 — Remote Link - HTML Solar Power Satellites — Solution to need for energy.
  91. 2008/01/19 — HTML Version PDF
            Version The English Constitution, John Louis De Lolme (1771) — Discusses separation of powers, the jury system, and habeas corpus.
  92. 2008/01/04 — Submenu Purchase Links for the Liberty Library — Convenient links to purchase print editions of our online works.
  93. 2007/12/28 — Submenu Letters of Marque and Reprisal — Collection of historical examples with analysis.
  94. 2007/11/13 — HTML Version or Menu PDF Version Word Version Militia Reading — Published works that discuss matters related to the constitutional militia and the constitutional militia movement.
  95. 2007/09/16 — HTML Version or Menu United States v. Fenwick, 25 F. Cas. 1062 (1836); 4 Cranch C.C. 675 — Defense in criminal trial has right to argue law before jury until bench rules on motion.
  96. 2007/09/15 — HTML Version or Menu Stettinius v. United States, 22 F. Cas. 1322 (1839); 5 Cranch C.C. 573 — Defense in criminal trial has right to argue law before jury until bench rules on motion.
  97. 2007/08/19 — RTF Version HTML Version Addressing the Constitutionality of the Independent Counsel Statute: Executive Control over Criminal Law Enforcement: Some Lessons from History, Harold J. "Hal" Krent, 38 Am. U.L. Rev. 275, Winter, 1989, — Interesting review of private criminal prosecutions in history.
  98. 2007/04/12 — Adobe PDF Revenue Act of 1942 — This was what first introduced withholding "tax" on wages.
  99. 2007/04/12 — Adobe PDF Social Security Act of 1935 — Compare to the present system.
  100. 2007/03/18 — HTML Version Adobe PDF The Law That Always Was, Vern Holland (1987) — Treatise on the legitimacy of the income tax.
  101. 2006/09/24 —  Works of James Wilson (1804) — Includes "Lectures on Law, 1790-1792" and other writings of the Pennsylvania delegate to the Constitutional Convention.
  102. 2006/09/05 — W HTML Version PDF text under image A brief disquisition of the law of nature, according to the principles laid down in the reverend Dr. Cumberland's (now Lord Bishop of Peterborough's) Latin treatise on that subject. As also his considerations of Mr. Hobbs's principles put into another method., James Tyrrell (1692)  — Disquisition on natural law theory.
  103. 2006/02/14 — Adobe PDF Internal Revenue Code — 26 USC, as of January 1, 2002.
  104. 2006/02/01 — HTML Version or Menu Adobe PDF Martyrdom of King Charles I, W. Delavne (1703) — Sermon before House of Commons. Comments on some of the constitutional issues involved in the trial and execution of that monarch.
  105. 2005/11/08 — HTML Version or Menu Adobe PDF Presumption of Nonauthority and Unenumerated Rights, by Jon Roland, Begun November 6, 2005, in progress.
  106. 2005/08/11 — HTML Version Britton, (written ~1290, printed ~1530) — Abridged, updated, more readable, and more widely used codification based on Bracton, originally in the French of the English court, reflecting changes in the law, including changes in juries.
  107. 2005/08/07 — HTML Version or Menu PDF text under image PDF text over image Is Codification of the Law Expedient?, by William B. Hornblower. Address delivered before the American Social Science Association (Department of Jurisprudence) at Saratoga, N.Y., September 6, 1888. — Discussion of debate over whether and how to adopt statutes that codify common-law judicial precedents.
  108. 2005/08/02 — HTML Version PDF Version The Trial of Thomas Paine for a Libel, Thomas Paine. (1792) — British government prosecuted Paine for publishing Rights of Man.
  109. 2005/08/01 — HTML Version or Menu Adobe PDF Remote Link - PDF Mansfieldism Reconsidered, by Jon Roland — Review of evidence for arguing law in the presence of the jury.
  110. 2005/07/12 —  Address on Libels, Case of John Horne, John Horne Tooke. (1777) — Criticism of indictment by information, rather than by grand jury. May have contributed to requirement for grand juries in U.S. Bill of Rights.
  111. 2005/07/12 —  Observations on the Trial by Jury, Attributed to John Longley. (1815) — Commentary on the role of the jury in Britain, reflecting the gain of the Mansfieldian movement.
  112. 2005/07/12 —  Observations on the Trial by Jury, Anonymous. (1803) — Advice to the Pennsylvania Legislature on the role of the jury.
  113. 2005/07/12 —  The Trial of Thomas Hardy for High Treason. (1794) Provides insight into the practice of law in England and the interplay of conflicting political forces.
  114. 2005/07/12 —  The Case, Trevett against Weeden, for refusing Paper Bills in Payment. (1787) This legal tender action may have inspired the prohibition in the U.S. Constitution of states making anything but gold or silver legal tender.
  115. 2005/07/12 —  The Trial at Large, ... In the Nature of a Quo Warranto, Against Mr. Thomas Amery, , ... of the City of Chester. (1786) This quo warranto action was submitted for decision by a jury.
  116. 2005/07/12 —  The Trial of John Almon, Bookseller, ... For selling Junius's Letter. (1770) Publication of the Letters of Junius was prosecuted as a criminal libel of the English government.
  117. 2005/07/08 —  The Two Trials of John Fries for Treason. (1800) Provides insight into the practice of law in England and the interplay of conflicting political forces.
  118. 2005/07/07 —  A Complete Collection of State-Trials, and Proceedings For High-Treason, And Other Crimes And Misdemeanours; From the Reign of King Richard II to the Reign of King George II. in Six Volumes.
  119. 2005/07/07 —  The Present Practice of the Court of Common Pleas, Joseph Harrison. (1761) — Provides insight into the early practice of law.
  120. 2005/07/07 —  The Attorney's Practice in the Court of Common Pleas, Robert Richardson. (1778) — Provides insight into the early practice of law.
  121. 2005/07/07 —  The English Lawyer, showing the Nature and Forms of Original Writs, Processes, and Mandates, William Bohun. (1732) — Provides insight into the early practice of law.
  122. 2005/07/06 —  The Subject's Right of Petitioning, Anonymous. (1703) — Provides insight into the original meaning of the right to petition.
  123. 2005/07/06 — HTML Version Tracts on Political and Other Subjects, Joseph Towers (1796) — Followup on his earlier writings on the role of juries.
  124. 2005/07/06 — HTML Version Essays and Treatises on Moral, Political, and Various Philosophical Subjects, Emanual Kant (1798) — Includes some of Kant's lesser-known writings.
  125. 2005/07/06 —  Short Hints upon Levelling — A Charge to the Grand Jury of Middlesex, William Mainwaring. (1791) — Reveals Tory-Mansfieldian linking of jury rights to fears of property re-distribution.
  126. 2005/07/06 —  Considerations on the Respective Rights of Judge and Jury; Particularly upon Trials for Libel, John Bowles. (1791) — Leading exposition of the Mansfieldian movement to curtail the role of juries, which spread to the United States.
  127. 2005/07/06 —  A General Charge to All Grand Juries, and Other Juries, James Astry. (1725) — Provides insight into the early role of juries.
  128. 2005/07/04 —  An Argument in Defence of the Exclusive Right Claimed by the Colonies to Tax Themselves, with a Review of the Laws of England, Relative to Representation and Taxation, to Which is Added, an Account of the Rise of the Colonies, and the Manner in which the rights of the subjects within the realm were communicated to those that went to America, with the exercise of those rights from their first settlement to the present time. (1774) — Arguments of English members of Parliament who agreed with the protests of the American colonists.
  129. 2005/07/04 —  An Analysis of the Laws of England, William Blackstone. (1762) — Commentary on early English law.
  130. 2005/07/04 — HTML Version The Miscellaneous Works of J. J. Rousseau (1774) — Includes Social Compact and A Project for a Perpetual Peace.
  131. 2005/07/04 —  The Dissertation of John Selden, Annexed to Fleta. (1771) — Commentary on early English law.
  132. 2005/07/04 — HTML Version or Menu Text Version Appeal Brief in Matson v. Thomas, John Valentine (1720) — Oldest known legal brief in British North America, got precedent that British colonists in North America had inherited the rights of Englishmen, laying the foundation for the American War of Independence.
  133. 2005/07/04 — HTML Version Selected Works of Edward Coke (~1628) — Commentary on English common and statutory law, including the Institutes and the Reports.
  134. 2005/06/30 — HTML Version Lives of the Noble Grecians and Romans, Plutarch (~75) — See especially the lives of Solon, Lycurgus, Pericles, Marcus Cato, and Cato the Younger.
  135. 2005/03/22 —  PDF Version The Trial of John Peter Zenger, 1735. 17 How. 675. The jury decided that truth was a defense against libel.
  136. 2005/03/15 — Local Link - HTML U.S. Statutes at Large, complete collection, 1789-2007. Completed 2009/01/05.
  137. 2005/03/15 — Local Link - HTML U.S. Code, partial collection, 1926
  138. 2005/03/13 —   Citizenship, U.S. War Department Training Manual 2000-25 (1928) — Civics textbook for training Army troops.
  139. 2005/01/01 —   Legal Research by the use of Corpus Juris Secundum, Donald J. Kiser (1924) — Guide for students of the law.
  140. 2004/12/19 — HTML Version PDF
            text under image The Elements of the Common Lawes of England, Francis Bacon (1630) — Treatise on English Common Law.
  141. 2004/12/16 — HTML Version or Menu Adobe PDF An account of Denmark, as it was in the year 1692, Robert Molesworth (1694) — Commentary on Denmark that is really a commentary on constitutional issues in England.
  142. 2004/12/12 — W HTML Version PDF text over image PDF text under image The American Manual, or, The Thinker, Joseph Bartlett Burleigh (1854) — Civics textbook focusing on U.S. Constitution.
  143. 2004/11/01 — HTML Version or Menu Inquiry into the Moral and Religious Character of the American Government, H. W Warner (1838) — Commentary on the relation between government and religious practices.
  144. 2004/07/13 — HTML Version or Menu  Cooper Union Address, Abraham Lincoln, February 27, 1860.
  145. 2004/05/22 — HTML Version or Menu Text Version Zipped WordPerfect United States Constitution, Jon Roland. Entry in Encyclopedia of Leadership, Vol. 4, Ed. George R. Goethals, Georgia J. Sorenson, & James MacGregor Burns, Sage Publications, 2004. A 
  146. 2004/05/18 — HTML Version Policraticus, John of Salisbury (1159), various translations — Argued that citizens have the right to depose and kill tyrannical rulers.
  147. 2004/04/27 — MS Word Version, zipped The Mechanism of the Modern State, John A.R. Marriott (1927) — An analysis of the British system of government compared to other systems, especially those of ancient Athens, Switzerland, and the United States.
  148. 2004/04/25 — HTML Version A Summary of the Law of Contracts, C. C. Langdell. (1880) — Develops an interpretative approach to law based on private (contract) law, from the formalist standpoint.
  149. 2004/04/25 — HTML Version A Brief Survey of Equity Jurisdiction (Selections), C. C. Langdell. (1908) — Exposition from formalist standpoint.
  150. 2004/04/24 — HTML Version A Treatise on the Conflict of Laws (Selections from), Joseph H. Beale (1935) — The topic is developed with a historical and theoretical perspective.
  151. 2004/04/19 — HTML Version Text Version The Nature of the Judicial Process, Benjamin N. Cardozo (1921) — Discusses the debate between legal realists and constitutionalists.
  152. 2004/04/06 — HTML Version Text Version If It's Not a Runaway, It's Not a Real Grand Jury, Roger Roots, Creighton L.R., Vol. 33, No. 4, 1999-2000, 821 — Examines constitutional issues involved in current practices involving grand juries.
  153. 2004/03/30 — HTML Version Text Version George Mason's Master Draft of the Bill of Rights, 1788 June 9.
  154. 2004/03/16 — HTML Version or Menu Adobe PDF Remote Link - PDF The Lost History of the Ninth Amendment: The Lost Original Meaning, by Kurt Lash, Professor of Law and W. Joseph Ford Fellow, Loyola Law School, Los Angeles, Feb. 2004.
  155. 2004/03/01 — HTML Version or Menu Text Version RTF Woe Unto You, Lawyers, Fred Rodell, Professor of Law, Yale University, 1939 — Criticizes the legal profession.
  156. 2004/01/10 — W Submenu The Constitution of the United States, John Randolph Tucker (1899) — Commentary by the grandson of the editor of Tucker's Blackstone.
  157. 2003/12/02 — Submenu Text Version Are Cops Constitutional?, Roger Roots, Seton Hall Constitutional L.J. 2001, 685 — Examines constitutional issues involved in professional law enforcement.
  158. 2003/11/06 — Submenu Text Version Losing Liberty Judicially, Thomas James Norton (1928) — Examines how courts have gone along with departures from original understanding.
  159. 2003/11/06 — Graphic Image Greek Ligatures — Tables of ancient and medieval character combinations and abbreviations, useful for rendering manuscripts into Greek fonts.
  160. 2003/09/24 — Submenu De jure magistratuum (On the Rights of Magistrates), Theodore Beza (1574) — Swiss Calvinist theologian, Knox's co-pastor in Geneva, argues that lower level magistrates have duty to defend people from higher level magistrates.
  161. 2003/09/16 — Submenu Text Version On Misreading John Bingham and the Fourteenth Amendment, Richard L. Aynes, Yale Law Journal, October, 1993, Page 57 — Argues that the Fourteenth Amendment was understood by its authors and ratifiers as extending the jurisdiction of U.S. Courts over cases between a citizen and his state over rights protected in the U.S. Constitution.
  162. 2003/09/14 — Submenu Text Version A Treatise on American Citizenship, John S. Wise (1906) — Discussion of the history and principles of various kinds of citizenship.
  163. 2003/09/11 — Submenu Text
            Version MS
            Word Version Liberty, Metaphor, and Mechanism: "checks and balances" and the origins of modern constitutionalism, David Wootton (2003). (In MS Word version, click on an endnote exponent to open the endnotes frame.)
  164. 2003/08/24 — Submenu Text Version The History of the Common Law of England, Matthew Hale (1713) — Important reference for the Founders.
  165. 2003/08/19 — Submenu Text Version The Path of the Law, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., 10 Harvard Law Review 457 (1897) — Classic statement of the doctrine of legal realism, that the "law" is what judges do, or can be expected to do, rather than what is logically required from first principles or historic enactment of black letter law.
  166. 2003/06/23 — Submenu Journal of William Maclay — Maclay served as senator from Pennslyvania from 1789 to 1791 and kept a private journal of his experiences that is highly revealing.
  167. 2003/06/14 — HTML Version Text
            Version Evolving Complex Networks in Constitutional Republics, by Jon Roland — Examines how changing network structures can reveal how political and economic processes behave and misbehave.
  168. 2003/06/10 — HTML Version Text Version Fairfax County Resolves (1774) — Developed the issues that led to the Declaration of Independence.
  169. 2003/06/08 — HTML Version Constitutional View of the Late War between the States, Alexander Stephens (1868) — Vice-President of the Confederacy explains why the war was fought.
  170. 2003/05/31 — HTML Version Abuse of Judicial Discretion, Jon Roland.
  171. 2003/05/23 — HTML Version Text
            Version Laws, Plato (~348 BCE) — Model laws for a republic, including sortition and militia.
  172. 2003/05/21 — Adobe PDF A Short Treatise on Political Power, John Ponet (1556) — Argues political power is limited by natural law, and no ruler may exercise absolute power.
  173. 2003/05/08 — HTML Version Text
            Version Discourse on the Constitution and Government of the United States, John C. Calhoun.
  174. 2003/04/24 — HTML Version Text Version Still the Law of the Land? — Essays on Changing Interpretations of the Constitution. Forward by Forrest McDonald. © 1987. Hillsdale College Press.
  175. 2003/03/23 — HTML Version Text Version An Essay on the Lacedζmonian Government, Walter Moyle (1698) — How the Spartan constitution given by Lycurgus inspired English political philosophers.
  176. 2003/03/10 — HTML Version Text
            Version Considerations on the Constitutionality of the President's Proclamations, John Henderson (1854) — Commentary on executive orders.
  177. 2003/03/01 — HTML Version Considerations on the Causes of the Greatness of the Romans and their Decline, Charles Montesquieu (~1734) — Historical analysis that laid the basis for his Spirit of Laws and Gibbon's Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire.
  178. 2003/02/17 — HTML Version Text Version Lopez Speaks, Is Anyone Listening?, David B. Sentelle — DC Circuit Justice reviews reception to U.S. v. Lopez. 45 Loy. L. Rev. 541, Fall, 1999.
  179. 2003/02/07 — HTML Version Two Essays: On the Foundation of Civil Government, On the Constitution of the United States, Thomas Cooper (1826) — Commentary on constitutional theory.
  180. 2003/02/05 — HTML Version The Leveller Movement, Theodore Calvin Pease (1916) — A study in the history and political theory of the English Great Civil War.
  181. 2003/02/04 — HTML Version Three Human Rights in the Constitution of 1787, Zechariah Chafee, Jr. (1956) — Historical analysis of free debate, prohibition of bills of attainder, and freedom of movement.
  182. 2003/01/13 — HTML Version Tucker's Blackstone — The Commentaries on the Laws of England by William Blackstone was the canonical codification of the Common Law, but it needed to be adapted to the needs of the U.S. Constitution. This was done in 1803 by St. George Tucker, one of the Founders, who republished the Commentaries, and added commentaries of his own, making the needed adaptations.
  183. 2003/01/10 — HTML Version The Civil Law, tr. & ed. S. P. Scott (1932) — Includes the classics of ancient Roman law: the Law of the Twelve Tables (450 BCE), the Institutes of Gaius (180), the Rules of Ulpian (222), the Opinions of Paulus (224), the Corpus Juris Civilis of Justinian (533), which codified Roman Law, and the Constitutions of Leo.
  184. 2003/01/02 — HTML Version Text Version The Common Law, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. — Discussion of some but not all of the elements of the Anglo-American common law.
  185. 2002/12/24 — HTML Version Nondelegation and the Administrative State — Questions of the legitimacy of delegations of legislative powers to executive branch agencies.
  186. 2002/12/19 —  PDF Version Case of the Imprisonment of Edward Bushell, for alleged misconduct as a Juryman, 1670. 22 Charles II. 6 How. 999. Having failed to convict Penn, the prosecution sought to punish the jurors, but failed, thereby establishing the right and duty of juries to judge the law as well as the facts in criminal trials.
  187. 2002/12/19 —  PDF Version The Trial of William Penn and William Mead, at the Old Bailey, for a Tumultuous Assembly, 1670. 22 Charles II. 6 How. 951. Established the right of religion.
  188. 2002/12/04 — HTML Version Text Version Principles of Constitutional Interpretation, Jon Roland
  189. 2002/12/02 — HTML Version Text Version Sortition for Judges, by Jon Roland.
  190. 2002/10/26 — HTML Version or Menu The Sortition Option — Articles and links on this method.
  191. 2002/08/12 — HTML Version Selected Works of Marchamont Nedham (~1650) — English columnist comments on political issues of his era.
  192. 2002/08/04 — W HTML Version Introduction to the Study of the Law of the Constitution, Albert Venn Dicey (8th Ed., 1914) — Comparative analysis of the constitutional orders of several nations, focusing on Britain.
  193. 2002/08/04 — HTML Version Lex, Rex (The Law is King), Samuel Rutherford (1644) — Theological arguments for the rule of law over the rule of men.
  194. 2002/07/23 — HTML Version or Menu Texas Textbook Review — Efforts to reform the ways textbooks are written.
  195. 2002/07/19 — HTML Version The General Principles of Constitutional Law in the United States of America, Thomas M. Cooley (1891) — Introduction by the leading constitutional scholar of his era.
  196. 2002/06/27 — HTML Version Text
            Version The Evolution of the Constitution of the United States, Sydney George Fisher (1897). Traces each of the clauses of the U.S. Constitution back to previous colonial, state and other government documents.
  197. 2002/06/25 — HTML Version Text Version A Constitutional History of the United States, Andrew McLaughlin (1936) — Perhaps the best single textbook on the subject, winner of the 1936 Pulitzer Prize.
  198. 2002/06/24 — HTML Version Text
            Version State Documents on Federal Relations, Herman V. Ames (1911) — Debates among the states on the Constitution, 1789-1861.
  199. 2002/06/01 — HTML Version Text
            Version Construction Contrued and Constitutions Vindicated, John Taylor (1820) — A commentary on some of the misconstructions of the Constitution by the Marshall Court.
  200. 2002/05/23 — HTML Version Text
            Version  Tyranny Unmasked, John Taylor (1821) — An attack on the constitutionality of protective tariffs and other violations of the original understanding of the Constitution, as seen by the leading spokesman for the Jeffersonian "Old Republicans".
  201. 2002/05/10 — HTML Version Text
            Version A Healing Question, Sir Henry Vane (1656) — He was tried for writing this in a famous trial that tested the right of free speech.
  202. 2002/05/07 — HTML Version Text Version A Dissertation on the Nature and Extent of the Jurisdiction of the Courts of the United States, Peter Stephen Du Ponceau (1824) — Discusses the various kinds of jurisdiction, in locum, in personam, and in subjectam materiam, and the limits of the jurisdictions of each kind of court.
  203. 2002/05/05 — HTML Version Text Version A Brief View of the Constitution of the United States, Peter Stephen Du Ponceau (1831) — Introduction to the Constitution for students and foreigners.
  204. 2002/04/18 — HTML Version Union Now, Clarence K. Streit (1939) — Classic treatise on international conflict and federalism.
  205. 2002/04/14 — HTML Version Text Version Discourse on Voluntary Servitude, Ιtienne De La Boιtie (1548, tr. Harry Kurz 1942) — People are ultimately responsible for their servitude, and non-violent resistance can win their freedom.
  206. 2002/04/10 — Submenu A living constitution or fundamental law?, Herman Belz (1998) — American constitutionalism in historical perspective.
  207. 2002/03/09 — Submenu Cato (A Tragedy in Five Acts), Joseph Addison (prem. 1713) — Play about Cato the Younger, which inspired the Founders, especially George Washington.
  208. 2002/03/04 — HTML Version Text
            Version The Student Council, Harry C. McKown (1944) — Classic treatise on the subject that the webmaster used to draft a student constitution in high school.
  209. 2002/03/02 — HTML Version Text
            Version First Principles, Herbert Spencer (1862-99) — Spencer sets forth the fundamentals of his philosophic views.
  210. 2002/02/16 — HTML Version Criminal Libel and the Duty of Juries, Joseph Towers (1764, 1784), Francis Maseres (1792) — Three essays on the right of defendants, especially in criminal libel cases, to have the jury decide the law as well as the fact issues.
  211. 2002/01/14 — HTML Version The Elements of the Art of Packing, As Applied to Special Juries, Particularly in Cases of Libel Law, Jeremy Bentham (written 1809, published 1821) — Critical treatise on abuses of the English jury system and ways to reform it, which provides a historical background to practices that continue to this day. The first publisher in 1817 of excerpts from this work was prosecuted twice for doing so, and the second three times, but in each attempt, juries acquitted them.
  212. 2002/01/07 — HTML Version Sources of the Constitution of the United States, C. Ellis Stevens (1894) — Traces each of the key provisions of the Constitution and Bill of Rights to their historical sources.
  213. 2001/12/20 — HTML Version The Law of Treason in the United States, James Willard Hurst (1945, 1971) — The Constitution imposes strict limits on what can be punished and how it can be proven.
    1. 2001/12/20 — HTML Version Hurst's Law of Treason, Introduction by Jon Roland, Published in University of West Los Angeles Law Review, Vol. 34, 2002.
  214. 2001/12/15 — HTML Version Conflict of Criminal Laws, Edward S. Stimson (1936) — Jurisdiction for a criminal offense is limited to the territory where the offender is when the offense is committed, not where the effects occur.
  215. 2001/09/16 — HTML Version Text
            Version The New Organon (Novum Organum), Francis Bacon (1620), tr. Spedding. et al. — Includes The Great Instauration and Preparative toward a Natural and Experimental History
  216. 2001/09/14 — HTML Version Discourses Concerning Government, Algernon Sidney (1698) — Built principles of popular government from foundation of natural law and the social contract.
  217. 2001/09/10 — HTML Version Text Version Patriarcha, Robert Filmer (1680) — This defense of absolute monarchy provoked Locke and Sidney to write their major works.
  218. 2001/09/01 — HTML Version The Constitutional Documents of the Puritan Revolution: 1625-1660, Samuel Rawson Gardiner, ed. (1906) — The English "commonwealth" led by Cromwell didn't endure, but many of its ideas did.
  219. 2001/08/28 — HTML Version Text
            Version  New Views of the Constitution of the United States, John Taylor (1823) — A discourse on the constitutional nature of the American union reflecting views of Jefferson and Madison.
  220. 2001/08/15 — HTML Version Selected Political Writings of Voltaire, (~1764) — Includes The Philosophy of History and A Treatise on Toleration.
  221. 2001/08/12 — HTML Version Text
            Version De Republica Anglorum, Thomas Smith (1565, 1583) — Written while he was ambassador to France, describes the constitution of England under Elizabeth I in a way that indicates tendencies toward republican ideals.
  222. 2001/08/07 — Submenu Text Version The American Republic: its Constitution, Tendencies, and Destiny, O. A. Brownson (1866) — Argument against secession, distinguishes the constitution of government from the underlying constitution of the society, and territorial from socialistic or egoistic democracy.
  223. 2001/07/24 — Submenu Text Version Utilitarianism, John Stuart Mill (1863) — Ethical theory that formed the basis for his political theory.
  224. 2001/06/24 — HTML Version Text
            Version Politica, Johannes Althusius (1614, Abr. & tr. Frederick S. Carney) — First presented a comprehensive theory of federal republicanism based on a covenantal model of human society.
  225. 2001/06/22 — HTML Version Selected Political Works of John Milton — Includes Areopagitica (1644), Tenure of Kings and Magistrates (1649), and Defense of the People of England (1651).
  226. 2001/06/11 — HTML Version Sources of English Constitutional History: 600-1937, Carl Stephenson & Frederick George Marcham (1937) — Collection of the documents that define the English "constitution".
  227. 2001/03/22 — HTML Version The Origins of Modern Constitutionalism, Francis D. Wormuth (1949) — Historical analysis of the key constitutional concepts.
  228. 2001/02/16 — HTML Version Text
            Version The Elements of Law Natural and Politic, Thomas Hobbes (1640) — Discussion of the natural law foundations of government.
  229. 2001/02/15 — HTML Version Text
            Version The Law of War and Peace, Hugo Grotius (1625) — Sets out principles of natural law and the laws of nations.
  230. 2001/02/14 — HTML Version Text Version Against Writs of Assistance, James Otis, 1761 February 24
  231. 2001/02/13 — HTML Version Disquisition on Government, John C. Calhoun (1831)
  232. 2001/01/31 — HTML Version Text Version Constitutionalism: Ancient and Modern, Charles Howard McIlwain (1947) — Discourse on the origins and development of constitution theory.
  233. 2000/11/18 — HTML Version Text
            Version The Principles of Morals and Legislation, Jeremy Bentham (1781) — Introduced utilitarianism, to provide a better theoretical foundation for penal statutory law than natural law theory.
  234. 2000/11/09 — HTML Version Text
            Version Of Crimes and Punishments, Cesare Beccaria (1764) — Set out rights of the accused in criminal proceedings. Argues for crime prevention over punishment, and against the death penalty and torture.
  235. 2000/10/13 — HTML Version Selected Works, Harvey Wheeler — Papers on Francis Bacon and constitutional history and law.
  236. 2000/09/24 — HTML Version Text Version Intent of the Fourteenth Amendment was to Protect All Rights, Jon Roland
  237. 2000/09/08 — HTML Version Text
            Version The Revival of Natural Law Concepts, Charles Grove Haines (1930) — Review of natural law theory as the foundation of constitutional law.
  238. 2000/08/31 — HTML Version Text
            Version The Principles of Natural and Politic Law, J. Burlamaqui (1748, tr. Thomas Nugent 1752) — Commentary on the natural law ideas of Grotius, Hobbes, Puffendorf, Barbeyrac, Locke, Clarke, and Hutchinson.
  239. 2000/07/02 — HTML Version Text
            Version Points of Rebellion, by William O. Douglas — Supreme Court justice reveals the breadth and depth of official corruption and abuse of constitutional rights and limits on powers.
  240. 2000/06/14 — HTML Version or Menu Text
            Version Zipped
            WordPerfect MS Word Version Public Safety or Bills of Attainder?, Jon Roland. Published in University of West Los Angeles Law Review, Vol. 34, 2002.
  241. 2000/06/05 — HTML Version Text
            Version Man the Reformer, Ralph Waldo Emerson (1841).
  242. 2000/04/26 — HTML Version or Menu Pro Se Handbook — Local copy of guide available from here.
  243. 2000/03/30 — HTML Version Text
            Version On the Duty of Man and Citizen According to Natural Law, Samuel Pufendorf (1673, 1682 tr. Frank Gardner Moore) — Based law and right on natural law.
  244. 2000/03/25 — HTML Version Text Version Art of War, Sun Tzu (475-221 BC) — Maxims for military strategists.
  245. 2000/03/24 — HTML Version Text Version Plato Redivivus, Henry Neville (1681) — Argued for limits on the powers of government.
  246. 2000/03/15 — Submenu Selected Works of Thomas Jefferson — Includes complete Writings of Thomas Jefferson, Albert Ellery Bergh, ed., 19 vol. (1905).
  247. 2000/03/14 — Submenu Selected Works of Walter Moyle, (~1696-1721, pub. 1796) — Includes Constitution of the Roman State, a commentary on English constitutional issues from a Whig perspective.
  248. 2000/03/07 — HTML Version or Menu Second Amendment Law Library — Scholarly articles, federal and supreme court decisions, and legal briefs.
  249. 2000/03/03 — HTML Version Selected Works of the Levellers (1645-9) — Militia leaders who sought legal reforms later sought by the American Revolution and embodied in the U.S. Constitution and Bill of Rights. Includes An Agreement of the Free People of England, an early attempt at a republican constitution.
  250. 2000/02/24 — HTML Version Text
            Version Communist Manifesto, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels (1848) — Statement of their objectives.
  251. 2000/02/24 — HTML Version Text
            Version The Man versus the State, Herbert Spencer (1884) — How the servants try to become the masters and majorities become oppressive.
  252. 2000/02/24 — HTML Version Text
            Version The Doctrine of Fascism, Benito Mussolini (1932) — Provided tyranny a formal doctrine.
  253. 2000/02/23 — HTML Version Text
            Version Utopia, Thomas More (1516) — Satirical analysis of shortcomings of his society and a vision of what could be.
  254. 2000/02/23 — HTML Version Text
            Version The Moral Equivalent of War, William James (1906) — Seeks solution to problem of how to sustain political unity and civic virtue without war or a credible threat.
  255. 2000/01/19 — HTML Version Text
            Version Selected Political Works of Richard Price — Includes Civil Liberty (1776) and Importance of the American Revolution (1784).
  256. 2000/01/17 — HTML Version Text
            Version Six Books of the Commonwealth, Jean Bodin (~1590 tr. Richard Knolles 1606, tr. & abr. M.J. Tooley 1955) — Originated modern ideas of sovereignty, the state, and citizenship.
  257. 2000/01/13 — HTML Version Text Version Relectiones, Franciscus de Victoria (lect. 1532, first pub. 1557) — Includes De Indis and De iure belli, arguing for humane treatment of native Americans and of enemies in war, providing the basis for the law of nations doctrine.
  258. 1999/12/13 — HTML Version Text
            Version Undermining the Constitution, Thomas James Norton (1950) — Constitutional scholar examines departures from constitutional compliance arising from New Deal.
  259. 1999/11/05 — HTML Version The Virginia Report, J.W. Randolph, ed. (1850) — Documents and commentary arising out of the controversies attending the Alien and Sedition Acts, including the Kentucky Resolutions of 1798 and 1799 and the Virginia Resolution of 1798, which set forth the "Doctrine of '98" concerning constitutional interpretation, and led to the "Revolution of 1800", the dominance of the Jeffersonians, and the demise of the Federalist Party.
  260. 1999/10/13 — HTML Version Text
            Version Art of War, Niccolς Machiavelli (1520) — Argues for a strong militia system.
  261. 1999/10/12 — HTML Version Text
            Version Discourses on Livy, Niccolς Machiavelli (1517) — Argues for the ideal form of government being a republic based on popular consent, defended by militia.
  262. 1999/10/03 — HTML Version LaRosa Reports, by Benedict D. LaRosa — Report on Ruby Ridge, Mt. Carmel, and Davidian trial.
  263. 1999/09/27 — HTML Version Text
            Version Votescam, by James & Kenneth Collier — Report of investigation of vote fraud in the United States. Guide for how to conduct such investigations.
  264. 1999/09/17 — Submenu Documentary History of the Bill of Rights— From the English Bill of Rights through the proposed amendments of the state ratifying conventions to the drafts debated in Congress before adopting the final version.
  265. 1999/09/11 — HTML Version Militia Treatises, James B. Whisker — Standard references on the subject. Includes The Militia(1992) and The American Colonial Militia (1997).
  266. 1999/08/27 — HTML Version A Defense of the Constitutions of Government of the United States of America, John Adams (1787-89) — Argued for a broad interpretation of national powers. Comprehensive collection of quotes from political philosophers and historians that influenced the Founders.
  267. 1999/08/25 — HTML Version Text
            Version Perpetual Peace, Immanual Kant (1795) — Further discussion of natural right and the plan for peace.
  268. 1999/08/08 — HTML Version Text
            Version Questions of Public Law, Cornelius van Bynkershoek (1737) — Develops the law of nations and constitutional (public) law beyond Grotius and Pufendorf.
  269. 1999/08/06 — HTML Version Text
            Version Federal Usurpation, Franklin Pierce (1908) — Historical and constitutional analysis of how corruption, zealotry, and incompetence combined to violate the Constitution.
  270. 1999/08/04 — HTML Version or Menu Text
            Version The Constitution of the United States: Its History, Application, and Construction, Chapter 5: Legislative Powers, Chapter 25: Police Power, David K. Watson (1910) — Comparison of the powers of the national and state governments.
  271. 1999/07/29 — HTML Version Vindiciae Contra Tyrannos (Defense of Liberty Against Tyrants), "Junius Brutus" (Orig. Fr. 1581, Eng. tr. 1622, 1689) — In 1683 it was ordered to be burned.
  272. 1999/07/28 — Text Version Introduction to the Metaphysics of Morals, Immanual Kant (1785), tr. W. Hastie (1785).
  273. 1999/07/28 — Text Version Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Morals, Immanual Kant (1785), tr. Thomas Kingsmill Abbott (1785).
  274. 1999/07/27 — HTML Version Selected Writings of Thomas Paine — Includes Common Sense (1776) and Rights of Man (1792).
  275. 1999/07/26 — HTML Version Selected Works of Edmund Burke — Commentary on the American and French Revolutions and the political issues they raised.
  276. 1999/07/24 — HTML Version Text
            Version The Law of Nations, Emmerich de Vattel (1758) — Based constitutional and civil law on the law of nations.
  277. 1999/07/20 — HTML Version Text
            Version The Grand Jury, George J. Edwards (1906) — Classical treatise on the grand jury, unequalled to this day.
  278. 1999/07/08 — HTML Version Text
            Version The New Atlantis, Francis Bacon (1626) — Utopian vision of the new world.
  279. 1999/07/04 — HTML Version Text
            Version Constitutional Conventions, Roger Sherman Hoar (1917) — Treatise on the way a body politic manifests its sovereignty.
  280. 1999/06/17 — HTML Version Text Version A Discourse of Government with Relation to Militias, Andrew Fletcher (1698) — Analyzes importance of the militia to legitimate government, law enforcement, and national defense.
  281. 1999/06/12 — HTML Version Text
            Version De Cive (The Citizen), Thomas Hobbes (1641-47) — Discussion of the natural law foundations of government.
  282. 1999/06/05 — HTML Version Text
            Version Recent Changes in American Constitutional Theory, John W. Burgess (1923) — Constitutional scholar surveys departures from constitutional compliance from 1898 through 1920.
  283. 1999/04/10 — Submenu Selected Works of James Madison — Selected writings bearing on constitutional interpretation.
  284. 1999/03/05 — HTML Version Text
            Version A Vindication of the Rights of Women, Mary Wollstonecraft (1792) — Set forth the arguments for women's rights. Mother of Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, the author of Frankenstein.
  285. 1999/02/20 — HTML Version Text
            Version An Essay on the History of Civil Society, Adam Ferguson (1767) — The evolution of societies and their forms of government.
  286. 1999/02/08 — HTML Version Text
            Version The Subjection of Women, John Stuart Mill (1869) — Argues for full equality of women.
  287. 1999/02/06 — HTML Version Text
            Version MS
            Word Version | A David Hoffman, The Oklahoma City Bombing and the Politics of Terror, 1998, Feral House Pr. Exposι of the Oklahoma City bombing.
  288. 1999/02/03 —   Manual of Parliamentary Practice, Thomas Jefferson (1811).
  289. 1999/01/30 — HTML Version Invisible Contracts, by George Mercier — Presents interesting theory of the legalistic fictions used by usurpers.
  290. 1998/11/20 — HTML Version Text
            Version How to render documents — Short manual on scanning printed documents and converting them into web pages.
  291. 1998/10/12 — HTML Version Text
            Version The Spirit of Laws, Charles de Montesquieu, (1748, tr. Thomas Nugent 1752) — Laid the foundations for the theory of republican government, particularly the concepts of the separation of powers into legislative, executive, and judicial, a federal republic, representatives elected from political subdivisions, a bicameral legislature, and a system of checks and balances.
  292. 1998/09/03 — HTML Version The Commonwealth of Oceana, James Harrington (1656) — Outline of a plan for republican government.
  293. 1998/08/26 — HTML Version Text
            Version The Social Contract, Jean Jacques Rousseau (1762) — Discussed legitimate government as the expression of the general will.
  294. 1998/08/25 — HTML Version Text
            Version A Discourse on Political Economy, Jean Jacques Rousseau (1755) — Discussion on the economic principles affecting the politics of a society.
  295. 1998/08/25 — HTML Version Text
            Version A Discourse on the Origin of Inequality, Jean Jacques Rousseau (1754) — Discussion on political inequality, its origins and implications.
  296. 1998/07/28 — HTML Version Text
            Version Political Treatise, Baruch de Spinoza (1677) — Constitutional considerations of various forms of government, including ideas that later influenced the Founders.
  297. 1998/07/12 — HTML Version Text
            Version De Cive (The Citizen), Thomas Hobbes (1641-47) — Discussion of the natural law foundations of government.
  298. 1998/02/08 — HTML Version or Menu Text
            Version A View of the Constitution, William Rawle (1829) — Early commentary on the Constitution and how it should be interpreted. Made point that the Bill of Rights also applied to the states, something that would later be denied, then partially reassserted by the 14th Amendment and the doctrine of (selective) incorporation.
  299. 1997/12/26 — HTML Version Text
            Version Code of Hammurabi (~1700 BCE) — Early Mesopotamian legal code laid basis for later Hebraic and European law.
  300. 1997/09/05 — HTML Version The Debates in the Several Conventions on the Adoption of the Federal Constitution, Jonathan Elliot (1836) — A collection of documents, including proceedings of the ratifying state conventions.
  301. 1997/09/03 — HTML Version Text
            Version Of the Original Contract, David Hume (1748) — Discussed the balance between coercion and consent in actual societies and their governments.
  302. 1997/08/27 — HTML Version Politics, Aristotle (350 BC) — Laid out the alternative forms of government.
  303. 1997/08/25 — HTML Version Liberty Library of Constitutional Classics — Gathers together links to the classic literature on constitutional government, either already on this site or planned for the future. May be offered on a CD-ROM.
  304. 1997/08/04 — I HTML
            Version Commentaries on American Law, by James Kent (1826) — Kent's Commentaries succeeded Tucker's Blackstone by reformulating the relevant content of Blackstone's Commentaries and integrating Common Law with Constitutional Law up to that time. The complete 5-volume work is being converted. Here is what has been converted so far.
  305. 1997/07/22 — HTML Version Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States, by Joseph Story (1833) — Authoritative commentaries by an early Supreme Court justice who helped shape interpretation of the Constitution for the next century. The complete 3-volume work is being converted. Here is what has been converted so far.
  306. 1997/05/20 — HTML Version Text
            Version Madison's Notes on the Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787. These are the proceedings of the Constitutional Convention held in Philadelphia. an essential guide to interpreting the intent of the Framers.
  307. 1996/09/29 — HTML Version Text
            Version Zipped WordPerfect Freedom's Frontier — Atlantic Union Now, by Clarence K. Streit — Classic treatise on international conflict and federalism. Also see a Review by Jon Roland.
  308. 1996/09/03 — HTML Version Text
            Version Zipped WordPerfect Robert's Rules of Order Revised — Online version of 1915 edition. Essential manual for parliamentarians of deliberative assemblies.
  309. 1996/08/26 — HTML Version Oklahoma City Bombing, April 19, 1995 — Page devoted to this atrocity. Reports on possible exposure of the real culprits.
  310. 1996/08/18 — HTML Version U.S. National Militia Directory — Subsites for each state with links to local sites.
  311. 1996/08/17 — HTML Version The meaning of the phrase "well-regulated" in the 2nd amendment, Brian T. Halonen — Newsgroup posting.
  312. 1996/08/04 — HTML Version Law Dictionary, John Bouvier (1856). Also available as two self-extracting executables: Part 1 and Part 2.
  313. 1996/07/02 — HTML Version Text Version Let's Revive Private Prosecutions — by Jon Roland. Calls for use of private prosecutors in cases of public corruption and abuse where public prosecutors unwilling to prosecute.
  314. 1996/07/02 — HTML Version Text Version Brief on Private Prosecutions — Provides cites for recent cases involving use of private prosecutors.
  315. 1996/06/09 — HTML Version U.S. Citizen Crime Prevention & Law Enforcement Directory — Guide to neighborhood watch, cellular on patrol, citizen police academy, and related programs.
  316. 1996/05/25 — HTML Version Talk/News Radio & TV Directory — Keep the talk hosts informed on what is going on among reformers and dissidents.
  317. 1996/05/14 — HTML Version Text
            Version Zipped WordPerfect Constitution Violated, Not Suspended — Letter to Dr. Gene Schroder from Jon Roland, May 14, 1995.
  318. 1996/05/14 — HTML Version Text
            Version Is the Constitution Suspended? — Article from The New American by Thomas A. Burzynski, Feb 5, 1996.
  319. 1996/05/12 — HTML Version Landmark U.S. Supreme Court Decisions — Selected decisions with commentaties.
  320. 1996/05/05 — HTML Version Battle of Athens — Report of 1946 confrontation between militia of McMinn County, Tennessee, and corrupt local officials.
  321. 1996/05/03 — HTML Version U.S. State Constitutions and Web Sites — Directory of links to all 50 Web sites, some local copies of state constitutions.
  322. 1996/04/24 — HTML Version National Constitutions — Collection of links to national constitutions, both remote and local.
  323. 1995/09/25 — HTML Version Menu for text version Self-extracting executable Jurisdiction over Federal Areas within the States — Report of the Interdepartmental Committee for the Study of Jurisdiction over Federal Areas within the States (1956).
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