Parliamentary Procedure

A critical component of what we may call the constitution of society, in addition to the making of social decisions by assembly called by due notice, are established customary rules for conducting assemblies and making decisions in them. This has become formalized in rules of parliamentary procedure.
— Jon Roland

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In almost every society, even those without formal government, there is a strong tendency for people to come together in assemblies to discuss common problems and make joint decisions. Even without a tradition of assembling on a regular schedule, or living memory of having assembled before, people seem to inevitably rediscover the same general pattern of notice, assembly, and the adoption of rules of procedure that through history have become formalized. These elements of the constitution of society precede government and provide the legal foundation for the drafting and adoption of constitutions of government.

United States or general

  1. HTML Version Word Version Text Version Zipped WP Version Robert's Rules of Order Revised — Online version of 1915 edition. Essential manual for parliamentarians of deliberative assemblies. The HTML files can also be downloaded all at once in a Zip archive for local use on your computer.
  2. HTML Version Translations of Roberts Rules of Order — Versions in other languages than English.
  3. HTML Version A Manual of Parliamentary Practice — A complete reprint of the 1812 manual by Thomas Jefferson that was used by the United States Senate. Includes the rules of motions and how they are used.
  4. Remote Link - HTML Publisher of Robert's Rules.
  5. Remote Link - HTML Parliamentary Procedure Online. It and its companion sites contains copy of our rendition.
  6. Remote Link - HTML RobertsRules.org. It contains copy of our rendition.
  7. Remote Link - HTML National Association of Parliamentarians (NAP). Professional association of parliamentarians.
  8. Remote Link - HTML Wikipedia article. Discussion of the subject.
  9. Remote Link - HTML Rules and Precedents, U.S. House of Representatives. Parliamentary procedure for that body.
  10. Remote Link - HTML Rules of the U.S. Senate. Parliamentary procedure for that body.
  11. HTML Version U.S. State Legislative Rules of Procedure — Links to state legislature pages with their rules.

Other Rules of Order, and in different languages

  • Remote Link - HTML United Nations General Assembly Rules of Procedure. Parliamentary procedure for that body.
  • Remote HTML Version Geschäftsordnung — Links to parliamentary rules in German.
    • Remote PDF Version Geschäftsordnung des Deutschen Bundestages — Rules of Procedure of the German Bundestag, in German.
  • Remote HTML Version The Islamic Rules of Order,by Imad-ad-Dean Ahmad. Based on Sturgis' Standard Code of Parliamentary Procedure (2008). Not online but a printed book that can be ordered from this site. No indication of into which languages of the many in the Islamic world it has been translated.
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Original URL: http://www.constitution.org/parlpro/parlpro.htm
Maintained:
Jon Roland of the Constitution Society
Original date: 2009/4/6 —