Ancient Greek and Latin Library
Related to law and government
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- Dissoi Logoi: Two-Fold or Contrasting Arguments, Anonymous (c. 425 BCE), Presentation of the method of using opposing arguments to elicit understanding, and as a tool of the sophists.
- Pericles' Funeral Oration, Thucydides
(c. 460/455-399 BCE), Peloponnesian War (Book 2.34-46) — Homage to
the political ideals of ancient Athens.
Plato (~360 BCE) — Laid out the elements of an ideal political
Plato (~360 BCE) — Socrates defends himself before the court of Athens.
- Crito, Plato
(~360 BCE) — Socrates explains his decision to accept death rather than
- Phaedo, Plato
(~360 BCE) — Socrates discusses the duties of citizens to the state.
- Laws, Plato
(~348 BCE) — Model laws for a republic, including sortition and
- Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle (~350
BCE) — Laid out the moral foundations of society.
- Politics, Aristotle (~350 BCE)
— Laid out the alternative forms of government.
- Rhetoric, Aristotle (~350 BCE)
— How to persuade others.
Athenian Constitution, Aristotle (~350 BCE) — Relates history of
experiments with various forms of government.
- Organon, Physics, Aristotle (~350 BCE) — Presents logic and natural science.
from Polybius, (~200 BCE) — History and constitution of the Roman
from Cicero, (~52 BCE) — Discusses principles of natural right as
the foundation of law.
- Lives of the Noble Grecians and Romans, Plutarch (~75) — See especially the lives of Solon, Lycurgus, Pericles, Marcus Cato, and Cato the Younger.
Epictetus (~101) — Discusses principles of liberty and natural right.
from Tacitus, (~110) — Ancient customs and laws.
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Classics Page — The classics in Latin.