If we do not hang together we will all hang separately.
— Benjamin Franklin
Unity and Federalism
Click on the button to get the indicated file
Unification versus Separation
Papers, James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, John Jay.
Constitution of the Iroquois
"The Constitution of most of our states (and of the
United States) assert that all power is inherent in the
people; that they may exercise it by themselves; that it
is their right and duty to be at all times armed and that
they are entitled to freedom of person, freedom of
religion, freedom of property, and freedom of press."
— Thomas Jefferson
& Materials on American Federalism, online course by
Freedom's Frontier — Atlantic
Union Now, by Clarence K. Streit — Classic treatise
on international conflict and federalism. Also see a Review by Jon Roland.
Union Now, Clarence
K. Streit (1939) — Classic work which sought to prevent World
Association to Unite the
Democracies. Email to: firstname.lastname@example.org —
Seeks a federal union of the more advanced democratic countries
through a constitutional convention. Has some excellent
materials on federal principles and processes. Founded by
Clarence K. Streit.
Movement — Association contributing to the establishment
of a unified, federal Europe.
European Federalists (UEF) — Independent and
non-governmental, supranational organisation, dedicated to the
promotion of a federal Europe.
for a European Federal Constitution — Seek a federal
constitution for Europe.
Convention — Seek a constitutional convention for Europe.
Federal Union — Promote European federation in Britain.
European Union (EU) in the US
— Seeks a federal union of the European countries, but have been
proceeding through a gradualist process that raises questions of
constitutional legitimacy. But provides insight into the
problems of integrating disparate political and legal systems.
History of Europe as a Supranational Region: Primary Documents
— Collection of historical documents.
Westphalia, 1648 — Made peace in Europe for a while.
Separation and Liberation
Sometimes people decide they cannot secure their rights within
the framework of an existing polity, and must separate from it. We
generally favor enforcing constitutional compliance within an
existing polity, but sometimes independence is the only way. We
devote a separate page to some of these movements.