Robert's Rules of Order Revised
by General Henry M. Robert
1915 Version, Public Domain
[ Editor's Note: The copyright on the original 1915 version has
expired. However, the modifications and enhancements to this work are Copyright
© 1996 Constitution Society.
Permission is hereby granted to any person to copy and use this material on a
non-profit basis with attribution, and in particular, with the retention of
links to the site of the Constitution Society or its successors on the World
Wide Web. One of the modifications made to the original document is the
substitution for page numbers of section and paragraph numbers, using the
format mm:nn, where mm is the section number and nn the
paragraph number. Footnotes have been numbered and moved to the end of
sections. The Order of Precedence of Motions and the Table of Rules Relating to
Motions have also been reformatted and revised to adapt them to the needs of an
To purchase a hard copy of the 10th Edition of RROR click on
Table of Contents
Order of Precedence of Motions. (OPM)
Table of Rules Relating to Motions.
Parliamentary Law (PAR)
Plan of the Work (WRK)
Part I.- Rules of Order.
Art. I.- How Business is Conducted in
1. Introduction of Business
2. What Precedes Debate
3. Obtaining the Floor
4. Motions and Resolutions
5. Seconding Motions
6. Stating the Question
8. Secondary Motions
9. Putting the Question and
Announcing the Vote
10. Proper Motions to Use to
Accomplish Certain Objects
Art. II.- General Classification of
11. Main or Principal Motions
12. Subsidiary Motions
13. Incidental Motions
14. Privileged Motions
15. Some Main and Unclassified
Art. III.- Privileged Motions.
16. Fix the Time to which the
Assembly shall Adjourn
18. Take a Recess
19. Questions of Privilege
20. General and Special Orders and a
Call for the Orders of the Day
Art. IV.- Incidental Motions.
21. Questions of Order and
22. Suspension of the Rules
23. Objection to the Consideration
of a Question
24. Division of a Question, and
Consideration by Paragraph or Seriatim
25. Division of the Assembly, and
Motions relating to Methods of Voting, or to Closing or Reopening the
26. Motions relating to Methods of
Making, or to Closing or to Reopening Nominations
27. Requests growing out of Business
Pending or that has just been pending, as, a Parliamentary Inquiry, a Request
for Information, for Leave to Withdraw a Motion to Read Papers, to be Excused
from a Duty, or for any other Privilege
Art. V.- Subsidiary Motions.
28. Lay on the Table
29. The Previous Question
30. Limit or Extend Limits of
31. Postpone Definitely, or to a
32. Commit or Refer, or
34. Postpone Indefinitely
Art. VI.- Some Main and Unclassified
35. Take from the Table
38. Renewal of a Motion
40. Dilatory, Absurd, or Frivolous
41. Call of the House
Art. VII.- Debate.
43. Decorum in Debate
44. Closing and Preventing
45. Principles of Debate and
Art. VIII.- Vote.
47. Votes that are Null and Void
even if Unanimous
48. Motions requiring more than a
Art. IX.- Committees and Boards.
49. Committees Classified
50. Boards of Managers, etc., and
51. Ex-Officio Members of Boards and
52. Committees, Special and
53. Reception of Reports
54. Adoption or Acceptance of
55. Committee of the Whole
56. As if in Committee of the
57. Informal Consideration
Art. X.- The Officers and the Minutes.
58. Chairman or President
59. Secretary or Clerk
60. The Minutes
61. Executive Secretary
Art. XI.- Miscellaneous.
65. Order of Business
66. Nominations and Elections
67. Constitutions, By-laws, Rules of
Order, and Standing Rules
68. Amendments of Constitutions,
By-laws, and Rules of Order
Part II.- Organization, Meetings, and Legal Rights of
Art. XII.- Organization and Meetings.
69. An Occasional or Mass
(b) Adoption of
(c) Committee to draft
(d) Semi-Permanent Mass
70. A Permanent Society.
(a) First Meeting
(b) Second Meeting
(c) Regular Meeting
71. Meeting of a Convention.
(a) An Organized
(b) A Convention not yet
Art. XIII.- Legal Rights of Assemblies and
Trial of Their Members.
72. Right of an Assembly to Punish
73. Right of an Assembly to Eject
any one from its Place of Meeting
74. Rights of Ecclesiastical
75. Trial of Members of
Plan for Study of Parliamentary Law.
Lesson Outlines (LES)
Search through Robert's Rules
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