3. DOOMS OF WIHTRAED (695-96)
2. The mundbyrd of the church shall be, like that of the king, 50s....
16. The word of a bishop or of the king shall be incontestible [even] without an oath.
17. The head of a monastery shall clear himself by the same form as a priest.
18. A priest shall clear himself by his own [unsupported] affirmation: [dressed] in his sacred garments, he shall declare before the altar, Veritatem dico in Christo; non mentior. In the same way shall a deacon clear himself.
19. A [lesser] clergyman shall clear himself with three [oath-helpers] of his own rank. But he alone shall have his hand on the altar; the others shall merely stand by to support the oath.
20. A stranger (gest) shall clear himself by his own [unsupported] oath at the altar. In the same way shall a king's thegn clear himself.
21. An ordinary freeman (ceorlisce man) shall clear himself at the altar with three oath-helpers of his own rank....
22. If any one accuses a bishop's or a king's servant (esne), the latter shall clear himself by the hand of the reeve, so that the reeve shall either clear him or deliver him over [to the complainant] to be beaten....
25. If any one slays a man in the act of theft, let him lie without wergeld.
26. If any one catches a freeman in the act of theft, the king shall determine one of three [penalties]: that he be slain, that he be sold beyond the sea, or that he redeem his life through [payment of] his wergeld. The one who catches and holds him shall have half of what he is worth; or, if he should be slain, he [who captured him] shall be paid 70s.
27. If a slave (þeuw) steals and it is proposed to redeem him, 70s. [shall be paid] if the king is willing [to spare him]....
28. If a man coming from afar, or a stranger, leaves the highway and then neither calls out nor blows a horn, he shall be considered a thief, to be slain or to be redeemed [by paying his wergeld].
(Anglo-Saxon) Ibid., I, 12 f.
 See above, p. 3, n. 6.
 Before Christ I speak the truth; I do not lie.
 "Literally "as a foursome" counting himself one of the four.
 The dooms normally regard a stranger as a suspicious person (cf. art. 28, below). In this instance, however, a man of honourable rank, a guest rather than a vagabond, seems to be thought of, for he is treated like a king's thegn. The latter title becomes increasingly common in the dooms, designating in particular a noble retainer.
 That is to say, the reeve of the estate to which the servant is attached may take an oath to clear him.
 The slain thief, for whose death the kindred had no right to compensation.