[E: In the original printed edition, there were both unnumbered footnotes and numbered endnotes. In this digital edition, all notes have been converted to endnotes and re-numbered. The numbers of the printed edition endnotes are shown in parentheses. Footnotes of the printed edition are also shown in parentheses, but with the format (<chapter number>:<page number>:<footnote symbol>). Thus, the footnote ** from Chapter 6, page 268, would be shown as (6:268:**). Some endnotes have been added or modified by the author or the digital editor, and these are surrounded in double square brackets [], with those of the editor prefixed with "E:".]
1. (1) Detective Jay Einhorn, interview with author.
2. (2) Nancy Gibbs,"The Blood of Innocents," Time, 5/1/95.
3. (3) Ibid..
4. (4) According to "journalist" Larry Myers, McVeigh exited the vehicle and met Hanger between the two cars. Hanger asked McVeigh for his license. He then informed the cop that he was moving from Arkansas, at which point Hanger walked back to his vehicle and ran McVeigh's license. Hanger's video camera was on, as well as his microphone. As he walked back to McVeigh, he noticed a bulge under his jacket, and as he handed McVeigh his license, he quietly flipped the snap on his holster. He asked McVeigh if he was carrying a gun, and McVeigh informed him he was, at which point Hanger drew his weapon, shoved McVeigh against the car and spread his legs. McVeigh told Hanger that he had a concealed carry permit and showed him is old Burns Security badge. McVeigh sat in the passenger side of the patrol car and talked about the bombing as it flashed over the radio. When he arrived at the jailhouse, he asked, "when's chow?"
5. See Partin Report and diagrams in appendix.
6. (5) Sam Cohen's letter to Representative Key, 6/29/95, copy in author's possession.
7. (6) William Jasper, "Explosive Evidence of a Cover-Up," The New American, 8/7/95.
8. (7) Ibid.
9. The Atlas Powder Co. is in Dallas, Texas.
10. (8) Christine Gorman, "Bomb Lurking in the Garden Shed", Time magazine, 5/1/95.
11. (9) Rick Sherrow, interview with author.
12. (10) Linda Jones, trial transcript, U.S. v. McVeigh.
13. (11) Sacramento Bee, 4/30/95.
14. (12) Brian Ford, "McVeigh Placed at Kansas Store," Tulsa World, 9/12/97.
15. (1:5:*) They claimed they didn't know where it was built.
16. (13) Military Explosives, TM 9-1910/TO 11A-1-34, Dept. of the Army and the Air Force, 4/14/55, p. 121.
17. (14) Michele Marie Moore, Oklahoma City: Day One (Eagar, AZ: Harvest Trust, 1996), p. 122.
18. (15) KFOR-TV, 4/19/95.
19. (16) USA Today, 4/28/95.
20. (17) New York Times, 10/19/95.
21. (18) Memorandum to all US Attorneys from Acting Assistant Attorney General John C. Keeney, 1/4/96, and letter of Frederick Whitehurst, 1/9/96 copy in author's possession.
22. (19) "Outside Experts to Review FBI Crime Lab,"Wall Street Journal, 9/19/95; OIG report, copy in author's possession.
23. (1:7:*) "Williams' report also states that the initiator for the Primadet or the detonating cord was a non-electric detonator; non-electric, burning type fuse of either hobby fuse or a commercial safety fuse was used as a safe separation and time delay system; and the time delay for the burning fuse was approximately 2 minutes and 15 seconds. No evidence of a non-electric detonator or the named fuses, however, were found at the crime scene. Williams also stated in his report that [a] fertilizer base explosive, such as ANFO among other commercial and improvised explosives, has an approximate VOD of 13,000 fps. The statement of the VOD of ANFO, however, is incomplete because ANFO has a broad VOD range. For example, the Dupont Blasters' Handbook (Dupont) shows commercial ANFO products with VODs in the 7,000-15,600 feet-per-second range. When Williams wrote his Oklahoma City report, he was aware of this range. "
24. (20) The Gundersen Report on the Bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Building, Oklahoma City, April 19, 1995, 11/1/96, copy in author's possession.
25. (21) Ibid.
26. As the OIG report states: "Whitehurst questions Williams' conclusion that none of the structural damage evident within the Murrah building was caused by secondary explosive devices or explosions."
27. (1:8:*) Partin pointed out that while the truck bomb that damaged the World Trade Center was in an enclosed space, thereby creating a much higher destructive force than a bomb out in the open, it did not destroy the support column next to it.
28. (22) Richard Sherrow, "Bombast, Bomb Blasts & Baloney,"Soldier of Fortune, 6/95.
29. (23) Rabauch's letter to Partin dated 7/18/95, copy in author's possession.
30. (24) CNN World News, 6/26/96.
31. (25) Jim Loftis, interview with author.
32. (1:10:*) The Israelis' host in the U.S. was Oklahoma City business leader Moshe Tal, an Israeli. According to William Northrop, another Israeli and Oklahoma City resident, Tal initially circulated the report, which was three pages and mentioned the Middle-Eastern bomb signature. After Tal was summoned to Israel, he returned denying those aspects of the report. It was suddenly, in keeping with the U.S. Government's position, no longer a Middle-Eastern bomb, and the report itself incredibly shrank from three pages to only one.
33. (26) Lou Kilzer and Kevin Flynn, "Were Feds Warned Before OKC Bomb Built?" Rocky Mountain News, 2/6/97. The fuel dealer reported the purchasing attempt to the ATF, but the agency did not follow up.
34. (27) Gronning's letter to Key, dated 6/27/95, copy in author's possession.
35. (28) James L. Pate, "Bloody April: Waco Anniversary Triggers Oklahoma City Atrocity," Soldier of Fortune, August, 1995.
36. (29) Larens Imanyuel, interview with author.
37. (30) Engineering News, May 1, 1995, page 10-11.
38. (31) The Gundersen Report on the Bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Building, Oklahoma City, April 19, 1995, 11/1/96, copy in author's possession.
39. (32) Larens Imanyuel,"The Bombing of the Oklahoma City Federal Building: Was a Cruise Missile Warhead Design Used?" Veritas, 12/18/95.
40. (33) Timothy McVeigh's Petition for Writ of Mandamus, 3/25/97, p. 35.
41. (34) Ramona McDonald, interview with author.
42. (35) "The Worst Terrorist Attack on U.S. Soil: April 19, 1995," CNN, 12/20/95.
43. (1:13:*) Other people who were working in office buildings at the time reported that sparks flew out from their computers just before the blast. The manager of the Journal Record parking garage, two blocks from the Murrah Building, reported that the electronic computers in at least half a dozen cars had malfunctioned as a result of the blast.
44. (36) Sam Cohen, interview with author.
45. (37) Gene Wheaton, "The Covert Culture," Portland Free Press, May/June 1996.
46. (38) David Noble, "Professors of Terror," Third World Resurgence (Penang, Malaysia), February-March, 1992, p. 34, quoted in Ramsey Clark, The Fire This Time, (New York, NY: Thunder's Mouth Press, 1992), p. 44.
47. (39) Adel Darwick and Gregory Alexander, Unholy Babylon, (New York, NY: St. Martin's Press, 1991), p. 104.
48. (40) Harry M., confidential letter to author.
49. (41) "Iraq Also Worked on Hydrogen Bomb," Associated Press, quoted in The Nashville Tennessean, 10/9/91, as quoted in Charles T. Harrison, "Hell in a Hand Basket: The Threat of Portable Nuclear Weapons," Military Review, May, 1993.
50. (42) E-Mail message to Tony Scarlatti; Interview with author.
51. (1:15:*) Within the last few years, articles have appeared in the U.S., European, and even Russian media dealing with an exotic new material known as 'Red Mercury' which had been developed by the Russians and allegedly held properties capable of producing far more efficient nuclear fission warheads than the conventional explosives developed thus far."
52. (43) Harrison, Op Cit.
53. New Yorker magazine, date unknown, quoted by nuclear physicist Galen Winsor on Radio Free America, 3/23/93.
54. (44) Edward Zehr, "Turning Point: Resolving The Enigma of Oklahoma City," Washington Weekly, 11/18/96.
55. Some rescue workers, it was also rumored, had become ill with mysterious illnesses. They suffered from physical exhaustion and could barely drag themselves to work, it was reported, although these reports have not been substantiated. Of the 43 FEMA dogs that took part in the rescue effort, four died and one became ill. Rumors quickly spread that the dogs had died of radiation poisoning. The body of one of the deceased dogs, it was claimed, had been exhumed, his lungs found to be radioactive. The culprit was supposedly a radioactive isotope called Tritium. A heavy form of hydrogen, Tritium is an essential ingredient in nuclear weapons. In microscopic quantities it is also used as a "tracer" in medical procedures injected into the bloodstream as an aid in radiology scanning. According to Larry Jacobson, Executive Vise President of the National Association of Search & Rescue (NASR) in Fairfax, Virginia, "We don't know of any dog coming out of the Oklahoma thing that had any more then cut paws it was a totally baseless rumor." Mike Nozer, head of the Tulsa, Oklahoma K-9 Search & Rescue team, was busy assembling his team for the Heroes of the Heart parade in Bethany on April 19, 1996. He explained that all eight of his dogs were still active, in fact were at the parade that day. "My dogs were the first ones in the building," said Nozer, whose team worked for six days to pull people out of the wreckage. "I didn't have any one of my dogs down due to radiation." Nozer also explained that the Fire Department had sprayed a chemical in the building on the evening of the fourth day to prevent contamination from decaying bodies still inside. However, according to Nozer, this would not have affected the dogs. Skip Hernandez of Miami's Metro Dade Fire Department, worked with his dogs in the "pit," an area likely to have been contaminated. "Before we allow the dogs to go in, we ask certain questions [of] the hazardous materials guys because the dogs work very low to the ground," explained Hernandez. "All the dogs went thorough a thorough physical. None of our dogs left there injured We would have known if there was radiation in there." Hernandez also said that the dog that died was an older dog, who died of cancer. The dog that had died was supposedly from a team in Virginia or Maryland. Sgt. Lavelle of Maryland Task Force 1, told me one dog became sick from lyme disease, but he didn't think it was related to the bombing. As to the rumor of Tritium poisoning, he said, "That's the first we've ever heard of it." Jacobson, who works with the team in Virginia, said absolutely no dog died as a result of being in the Murrah Building. I asked Samuel Cohen about the possibility of Tritium poisoning. "Tritium could have been mixed up with ANFO," said Cohen. "But it seems far-fetched that they could have gotten that much into their systems to do any serious radiation damage. It's very unlikely to do damage unless it gets into the system in huge doses. The culprit would have to steal more Tritium than exists in any single lab on earth. He would need pounds. And Tritium is not cheap stuff. The last I checked, it was a few thousand dollars a gram." But whether search and rescue dogs actually died of radiation poisoning is another matter. A Rotweiler named Weinachten Gator Von Scott CD, who lived with his owner Jacob Scott in Broken Arrow, Oklahoma, died in June of 1996, of a broken neck after a fall. Gator had pulled the last survivor out of the Murrah Building. Another dog, a member of the Oklahoma County Sheriff's K-9 Unit named Chita, was hit by a car after escaping from her pen during a hail storm. While some have suggested that the dogs were killed to hide evidence of radiation poisoning, there is no evidence that either animal was suffering from such a malady. Yet considering the extent of the cover-up underway at the time, and the number of people who feared for their jobs, the autopsy reports on the dogs could have been faked. Certainly any revelation of a nuclear explosion would not only cause the government's already shaky premise to fall apart, but would cause widespread panic among the population.
56. Sam Cohen, interview with author.
57. (45) Sam Cohen, Journal of Civil Defense, Fall, 1995, quoted by F.R. Suplantier in Behind the Headlines.
58. According to demolition experts, simply wrapping Primacord around the column supports 27 times would be enough to destroy them.
59. (1:15:**) Authorities later backtracked on the leg, claiming that it belonged to Airforce recruit Lakesha Levy. They originally said the leg belonged to a light-skinned male in his 30s. They then said it belonged to a black female, in order to match it with Levy.
60. (46) "A classified Pentagon study determines Oklahoma bombing was caused by more than one bomb," Strategic Investment Newsletter, 3/20/96.
61. (47) William Jasper, "Multiple Blasts: More Evidence," The New American, date unknown.
62. (48) "The Oklahoma City Bombing: Improved building performance through multi-hazard mitigation," FEMA, quoted in Relevance magazine, April, 1997.
63. (49) General Benton K. Partin, interview with author.
64. (50) New American, date unknown.
65. (1:18:*) David Hall, manager of KPOC-TV in Ponca City, who has done considerable investigation into the bombing, told me that two Southwestern Bell employees called him and claimed they had a surveillance tape that showed the Murrah Building shaking before the truck bomb detonated.
66. (51) Sam Cohen, interview with author.
67. (52) Jeff Bruccelari, Oklahoma Radio Network, interview with Dr. Ray Brown, 2/18/97.
68. (53) Jerry Longspaugh, Cover-Up in Oklahoma City video, 1996.
69. Emphasis mine.
70. (54) Ramona McDonald, interview with author.
71. Although the tape was confiscated by the FBI it was later returned, likely altered, just as the FBI likely altered the famous Zapruder film of the JFK assassination by reversing the frames that showed the president's head being blown back.
72. (55) William Jasper,"Seismic Support," The New American, 8/7/95, 1995.
73. (56) Nolan Clay, "Scientists Debate Meaning of Bombing Seismograms", The Daily Oklahoman, 11/21/95.
74. (57) Moore, Op Cit., p. 223.
75. (58) William Jasper,"Seismic Support", The New American, 8/7/95, 1995. Brown later added that the one-fourth of the building collapsing on 4/19 could have created a larger pulse if it had help, say, from high-explosives, "so you wouldn't need quite as much building to be collapsing to cause the same sized pulse that we observed on the day of the explosion."
76. (59) William Jasper, "Were There Two Explosions?", The New American, 6/12/95.
77. (60) Washington Post, 4/23/95.
78. (61) Moore, Op Cit., p. 223.
79. (62) Hassan Muhammad, interview with author.
80. (63) "William Jasper," OKC Investigator Under Attack," The New American, 6/23/97; video deposition of Jane C. Graham, 7/20/97, copy in author's possession.
81. (64) "Oklahoma City: What Really Happened?", video by Chuck Allen, 1995.
82. (65) Media Bypass, June, 1995.
83. (66) Jasper, Op Cit., 6/12/95.
84. (1:23:*) Unfortunately, Partin shot himself in the foot in his first letter to Congress by insinuating that the bombing was the work of a Communist conspiracy (The Third Socialist International), thereby possibly portraying himself in the eyes of some as a Right-Wing "kook." But in spite of his politics, his technical credentials are beyond reproach.
85. (1:23:**) This is reminiscent of the cover-up of the JFK assassination, where Secret Service agents carefully washed down the president's limo immediately after the shooting with buckets of water to remove all traces of bullet fragments, and had Governor Connolly's clothes, bullet holes and all, cleaned and pressed.
86. (67) Guy Rubsamen, interview with author.
87. (1:24:*) Such a situation is reminiscent of JFK's visit to Dallas, where the plotters made sure the President's protective bubble was removed from his limousine, and made sure the Secret Service never bothered to check the many open windows around Dealy Plaza a standard security procedure in such a situation.
88. (68) Dr. Paul Heath, interview with author.
89. (69) "Witness Accounts Vary in Oklahoma City Bombing," Dallas Morning News, 10/8/95; Associated Press, 8/27/95; Associated Press, 9/9/95.
90. (70) Statement of unidentified witness taking by Rep. Charles Key, copy in author's possession.
. After publication of this book, Jane Graham was shown a photograph of German national Andreas Strassmeir, discussed later, and identified him as one of the men she saw.
92. (71) Graham, Op Cit. One of the men was tall, late '30s, nice-looking, very dark hair, mustache, black cowboy hat, jeans. The others were slightly older; wearing khakis, short sleeves, all Caucasians. The FBI agent who interviewed Graham was Joe Schwecke .
93. (72) Interviews with Paul Renfroe, OG&E; Thom Hunter, Southwestern Bell; Don Sherry, Oklahoma Natural Gas. Interviews with approximately 20 construction companies involved with a renovation bid by GSA. Contractor list supplied by GSA to author.
94. (73) David Hall, interview with author.
95. (74) J.D. Cash & Jeff Holladay, "Secondary Explosion Revealed in Murrah Blast," McCurtain Daily Gazette, 5/4/95.
96. (75) Allen, Op Cit.
97. (76) Jon Rappaport, Oklahoma City Bombing The Suppressed Truth (Los Angeles, CA: Blue Press, 1995).
98. (77) Veritas, 10/9/95.
99. (1:27:*) According to Army technical manual on military explosives, Mercury Fulminate is only safe to handle if it is "dead-pressed."
100. (78) Craig Roberts, "The Bombing of the Murrah Federal Building: An Investigative Report," (prepared for the Tulsa Office of the FBI), 6/4/95, copy in author's possession.
101. (1:27:**) It was the presence of military ordinance that brought the 61st EOD (Explosive Ordinance Demolition) team from Fort Sill in to examine and defuse the bombs.
102. (1:27:) The Army had a recruiting office in the building, which would have made the presence of military personnel inconspicuous. The Department of Agriculture also had an office in the building. The Department of Agriculture has been used as a front for IRS intelligence, and also the 113th M.I.G. (Military Intelligence Group) in Chicago in 1970. Given the easy access to military personnel in the building, it would have been easy for military personnel to go through the building unnoticed.
103. (79) General Benton K. Partin, interview with author.
104. (80) KFOR-TV.
105. (1:29:*) According to the September, 1995 edition of Firehouse magazine, there were three bomb scares: one at 10:22, one at 10:45, and one at 1:51. (See Radio logs, Appendix)
106. Taped interview of Tiffany Smith by Rep. Charles Key.
107. (81) Jim Keith, OKBOMB Conspiracy and Cover-Up (Lilburn, GA: Illuminit Press, 1996).
108. (82) Edward Comeau, "Fire Investigation Report: Oklahoma City Bombing and Rescue Operation," National Fire Protection Association, 11/12/95.
109. It was rumored that one of the devices was taken to Kirkland Air Force Base in Albuquerque, NM. Fred Shannon of the Ellis County Press in Albuquerque claimed his source is too frightened to come forward. If this account is true, it is curious to say the least, why a bomb would be taken to a remote military base, when Tinker Air Force base is less than 10 miles away. Interestingly, a branch of Sandia Labs is located at Kirkland Air Force Base. The Sandia Corporation, headquartered in Albuquerque, and the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, located in Alameda County, CA, have cooperated on the development of highly sophisticated explosives, including nuclear weapons. Sandia often conducts it's tests at the White Sands Missile Test Range, just west of Alamagordo. White Sands was the home to the ATF's "Dipole Might" experiments (see below). Was the government taking one of its bombs back home to Momma?
110. (83) Allen, Op Cit.
111. (84) Moore, Op Cit., p. 221. Ricks made this statement the day of the bombing.
112. (85) General Benton K. Partin, interview with author.
113. (86) Rick Sherrow, interview with author.
114. (1:30:*) The TOW missile, inspected by the 61st EOD team out of Ft. Sill was inert, as reported on the Oklahoma County Sheriff's Evidence/Ordinance Acceptance Form, dated 4/19/95, copy in author's possession.
115. (87) BATF RAC Dewy Webb, interview with author; OCPD Officer Don Browning, interview with author.
116. This author requested the Sheriff's video under the Oklahoma Open Records Act. I subsequently received the original version from a friend. It seems the Sheriff sent me an edited version, with the ordinance being removed edited out.
117. (88) J.D. Cash & Jeff Holladay, "Worker Helped Remove Munitions, Missile from Murrah Building," McCurtain Daily Gazette, 7/7/95.
118. (89) Ibid.
119. The BATF lied about the presence of a methamphetamine lab on the Branch Davidian compound in Waco, Texas in order to circumvent the Posse Comitatus Act, which prevents the military from being used for domestic law enforcement. Consequently, tanks from the Army's Joint Task Force Six were used (driven the FBI) to demolish and gas the Branch Davidian compound. Eighty-six men, women and children were either crushed to death or burned alive. The FBI, ludicrously enough, claimed that the tanks were there to knock holes in the walls in order to allow people to escape an absolutely ridiculous assertion they could have simply used the windows and doors.
120. (90) Relevance magazine, 7/95.
121. (91) Moore, Op Cit., p. 107.
122. (92) Ibid.
123. (1:33:*) This author interviewed a retired Army criminal investigator who complained about Lester Martz's stonewalling a similar investigation he was involved in.
124. (93) Allen, Op Cit.; Moore, Op Cit.
125. (94) Ibid., p. 116.
126. (95) Richard L. Sherrow, "Aftershocks and Subterfuge: Cloud of Doubt Lingers Over Government Cover-up," Soldier of Fortune, April, 1996; Moore, p. 106.
127. This was reported briefly in the New York Times and the Wall Street Journal. The two articles were then quickly buried in scrap-heap of history.
128. (96) Lawrence W. Myers, "Bureau of ANFO Truck-Bomb Fabrication," Media Bypass, November, 1996.
129. (97) "Who Are They? The Oklahoma Blast Reveals The Paranoid Life and Times of Accused Bomber Timothy McVeigh and His Right-Wing Associates." Time, 5/1/95.
130. (98) Dale Russakock & Serge Kovaleski, "An Ordinary Boy's Extraordinary Rage; After a Long Search For Order, Timothy McVeigh Finally Found a World He Could Fit Into,"Washington Post, 7/2/95.
131. (99) John Kifner, "Oklahoma Bombing Suspect: Unraveling a Frayed Life," New York Times, 12/31/95.
132. (100) "An Ordinary Boy's Extraordinary Rage," Washington Post, 7/2/95.
133. (101) Robert D. McFadden, "Terror in Oklahoma: The Suspect One Man's Complex Path to Extremism," New York Times, 4/23/95.
134. (2:36:*) Lori Fortier originally told the press, "It truly sickens me when I see my friend's face, yes my friend's face, portrayed on the cover of Time magazine as the face of evil."
135. (102) Sheffield Anderson, interview with author.
136. (2:36:**) Noble County Assistant Attorney Mark Gibson, who has prosecuted many killers, said "You could just feel the evil in them." Yet he said of McVeigh, "I looked at him and realized I felt no repulsion or fear."
137. (103) Prime Time Live, 5/10/95.
138. (104) "Biography: McVeigh, Part II," Media Bypass, May, 1996. Myers would later rescind this statement to me, saying he thought McVeigh was the "most maniacal terrorist in U.S. history."
139. (105) "An Ordinary Boy's Extraordinary Rage," Washington Post, 7/2/95.
140. (106) Media Bypass. May, 1996.
141. (2:40:*) Real estate agent Anne Marie Fitzpatrick said McVeigh was "very dynamic" and had "a twinkle in his eye and a smile." (Washington Post 7/2/95. )
142. (107) "An Ordinary Boy's Extraordinary Rage", Washington Post, 7/2/95.
143. (108) Media Bypass. 5/96.
144. (109) Washington Post, 7/2/95.
145. (110) Media Bypass. May, 1996.
146. (111) Robert D. McFadden, "Terror in Oklahoma: A Special Report John Doe No. 1, A Life of Solitude and Obsessions," New York Times, 5/4/95.
147. (112)Washington Post, 7/2/95.
148. (113) Media Bypass. May, 1996.
149. (114) Lana Padilla and Ron Delpit, By Blood Betrayed, (New York, NY: Harper Collins, 1995), p. 63.
150. (2:43:*) Padilla told me later that the information about McVeigh's so-called demolitions expertise was provided by co-writer Ron Delpit.
151. (115) David Hackworth & Peter Annin, "The Suspect Speaks Out," Newsweek, 7/3/95.
152. (116) Newsweek, 5/15/95.
153. (117) John Kifner, "The Gun Network: McVeigh's World A Special Report; Bomb Suspect Felt at Home Riding the Gun-Show Circuit." New York Times, 7/5/95.
154. (118) FBI 302 Statement of Carl. E. Lebron, Jr., 4/22/95, copy in author's possession.
155. (119) Washington Post, 7/2/95.
156. (120) New York Times, 5/4/95.
157. (121) Media Bypass, March, 1995.
158. (122) New York Times 5/4/95.
159. (123) Media Bypass, March, 1995.
160. (124) New York Times, 5/4/95.
161. (125) Ibid.
162. While other soldiers and airmen were quoted during the war making statements like "shooting fish in a barrel" "We hit the jackpot" "a turkey shoot," only McVeigh "killed Iraqis." For a detailed account of atrocities committed by U.S. forces, see: Ramsey Clark, The Fire This Time: U.S. War Crimes in the Gulf , (New York, NY: Thunder's Mouth Press, 1992).
163. (126) Media Bypass, March, 1995.
164. (127) "Oklahoma Bombing Suspect: Unraveling a Frayed Life," New York Times, 12/31/95.
165. (128) Padilla, Delpit, Op Cit., p. 153.
166. (129) Keith, Op Cit., p. 41.
167. (130) "McVeigh's Army Pals Join Bid to Save His Life," CNN, 6/9/97.
168. (131) Kenneth Stern, A Force Upon the Plain: The American Militia Movement and the Politics of Hate, (New York, NY: Simon and Schuster, 1996), p. 190; New York Times, 5/4/95.
169. Stern's book, written on behalf of the American Jewish Committee with the tacit approval of the Anti-Defamation League (ADL) of the B'Nai B'rith, seeks to completely discredit all factions of the emerging Patriot and Militia movements. Stern begins with the premise that McVeigh is guilty, and then attempts to indict the militia movement by association. Most all of Stern's sources derive from mainstream press accounts and ADL and SPLC (Southern Poverty Law Center) reports. There is no indication from his source notes that the author ever interviewed any of McVeigh's friends or associates, or did any independent research on the bombing whatsoever.
170. (2:49:*) Rice is president of New England Investigations. He teaches the only accredited course in the subject of profiling, and has testified in state and federal court in regards to handwriting analysis, and Moore runs an executive assessment firm in Washington, D.C. that specializes in assessing personality traits of applicants based on their handwriting samples.
171. (132) "Inside the Mind of McVeigh." Media Bypass, April, 1996.
172. (133) "Biography: McVeigh, Part II," Media Bypass, May, 1996.
173. (134) New York Times, 12/31/95.
174. (135) Washington Post, 7/2/95.
175. (136) New York Times, 12/31/95.
176. (137) New York Times, 5/4/95.
177. (138) New York Times, 7/5/95.
178. (139) Washington Post, 7/2/95.
179. (140) "The Suspect Speaks Out," Newsweek. 7/3/95.
180. (141) Released by McVeigh's attorney Stephen Jones to the Washington Post.
181. (142) Newsweek, 7/3/95.
182. (143) Washington Post, 7/2/95.
183. (144) Media Bypass, March, 1995.
184. (145) Report of Investigation, David B. Fechheimer, 12/13/96, addressed to Stephen Jones, copy in author's possession.
185. (146) Released by McVeigh's attorney Stephen Jones to the Washington Post.
186. (147) New York Times, 5/4/95.
187. (2:52:*) McVeigh himself admitted that it "was delayed in my case."
188. (148) Washington Post, 7/2/95, 4/23/95.
189. (2:52:**) This was confirmed to me by Terry Nichols' ex-wife, Lana Padilla: "Terry told me that. Terry just said that when he was in the Gulf War, they had implanted that to keep track of him."
190. (149) Glenn Krawczk, "Mind Control and the New World Order," Nexus magazine, Feb-March, 1993, quoted in Keith.
191. (150) Ibid., p. 196.
192. (2:53:*) The firm does classified research for both NASA and the Air Force, and is a ranking subcontractor for Sentar, Inc., an advanced science and engineering firm capable, according to company literature, of creating artificial intelligence systems. Sentar's customers include the U.S. Army Space and Strategic Defense Command, the Advanced Research Projects Agency (see discussion of ARPA later in this chapter), Rockwell International, Teledyne, Nichols Research Corp. and TRW. Their sales literature boasts a large energy shock tunnel, radar facilities "a radio-frequency (RF) simulator facility for evaluating electronic warfare techniques." (Constantine)
193. (151) Constantine, Op Cit.
194. (152) Nexus, Feb-March, 1993, quoted in Keith.
195. (153) The U.S. General Accounting Office issued a report on September 28, 1994, which stated that between 1940 and 1974, DOD and other national security agencies studied hundreds of thousands of human subjects in tests and experiments involving hazardous substances. GAO stated that some tests and experiments were conducted in secret. Medical research involving the testing of nerve agents, nerve agent antidotes, psychochemicals, and irritants was often classified. Additionally, some work conducted for DOD by contractors still remains classified today. For example, the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) has not released the names of 15 of the approximately 80 organizations that conducted experiments under the MKULTRA program, which gave psychochemical drugs to an undetermined number of people without their knowledge or consent. According to the GAO report, the CIA has not released this information because the organizations do not want to be identified. ("Is Military Research Hazardous To Veterans' Health? Lessons Spanning Half A Century," The Rockefeller Report (Senator Jay Rockefeller), 12/8/94.)
196. (2:55:*) After his arrest, Bryant said that he had been "gotten to," and "had been programmed." "Sleepers" such as Bryant were most likely programmed to kill their victims in order to precipitate law and order crack-downs, such as occurred in the aftermath of the Australian melee, where the government recently outlawed almost all types of guns.
197. "A Caution From Down Under," Portland Free Press, July/October, 1997.
198. (154) "A By the Book Officer, 'Suspicious By Nature,' Spots Trouble and acts fast," New York Times, 4/23/95.
199. (155) Dick Russell, The Man Who Knew Too Much, (New York, NY: Carroll & Graf), 1992, p. 679.
200. (156) Project MKULTRA, The CIA's Program of Research in Behavioral Modification, Joint Hearing Before the Senate Committee on Intelligence, 8/3/77. U.S. Government Printing Office, 1977.
201. In fact, according to Ted Gundersen, West did indeed examine McVeigh. When pressed on the accuracy of his source, Gundersen insisted he was "100 percent reliable."
202. Russell, Op Cit., p. 211-212.
203. Martin A. Lee and Bruce Shlain, Acid Dreams: The CIA, LSD, and the Sixties Rebellion (New York, NY: Grove Press, 1985), pp. 22, 189-90; Gordon Thomas, Journey Into Madness, Bantam Books, 1989.
204. The 1957 American Psychiatric Association roster notes that 1,253 of its 7,104 members came from Germany and the Eastern European countries.
205. Tim Kelsey, "The Oklahoma Suspect Awaits Day of Reckoning," London Sunday Times, date unknown.
206. (157) Thomas, Op Cit., p. 116.
207. (158) Russell, Op Cit., p. 673.
208. (159) William M. Turner and John G. Christian, The Assassination of Robert F. Kennedy: A Searching Look at the Conspiracy and Cover-Up 1968-1978, (New York, NY: Random House, p. 197), Quoted in Constantine, p. 12.
209. (160) Russell, Op Cit., p. 681.
210. (161) Ibid., p. 675.
211. (162) Ibid., p. 673. (Warren Commission Report, Vol. 5, p. 105.)
212. Alex Constantine, Psychic Dictatorship in the U.S.A., (Portland, OR: Feral House Press), 1995, p. 6.
213. Hugh MacDonald, Appointment in Dallas, Zebra, pp. 107-108, quoted in Constantine, p. 6.
214. On February 7, 1976, Ambassador Walter J. Stoessel, Jr. told some of the 125 members of his staff that the Russians were using microwaves beams to listen in on conversations inside the embassy, and that such radiation could be hazardous to their health. (Paul Broudeur, The Zapping of America, (New York, NY: W.W. Norton) 1977, p. 95.
215. Ibid., p. 95.
216. (163) Ibid., p. 19.
217. (164) Art Ford & Lincoln Lawrence, Were We Controlled, (New York, NY: University Books), 1967, quoted in Russell.
218. (165) Robert O. Becker, M.D. and Gary Selden, The Body Electric: Electromagnetism and the Foundation of Life, (New York, NY: William Morrow & Co.), p. 1085, quoted in "Bioeffects of Microwave Radiation," Unclassfied, Vol. IV, No. 3, June/July, 1992, National Association of Security Alumni.
219. (166) Turner and Christian, Op. Cit., Anthony Sampson, The Arms Basaar: From Lebanon to Lockheed (New York, NY: Viking Press, 1977), p. 276, quoted in Constantine, p. 12.
220. (2:60:*) Apparently, McVeigh was not there the entire time. Phone records indicate he made steady calls until the 7th of April, when he was seen at a bar in Tulsa, Oklahoma. The phone calls resume on April 11.
221. New York Times, 5/4/95.
223. (169) Sherman Skolnick, Conspiracy Nation, June, 1996.
224. (170) Constantine, "The Good Soldier."
227. In 1987, police in Tallahassee, Florida discovered six small children living in a van driven by two men dressed in suits. The children were naked, bruised and dirty, and acting like animals. They were unaware of the function and purpose of telephones, televisions or toilets. They were not allowed to live indoors, and were only given food as a reward. The case was turned over to U.S. Customs agents, who were contacted by detectives from the Washington, D.C. Metropolitan Police Dept., then investigating a cult known as the "Finders." When officers searched the their premises, they discovered instructions for kidnapping and purchasing children, avoiding police detection, information on the use of explosives and terrorism, and the international transfer of currency. The officers also found a photo album showing pornographic photos of children, adults and children participating in blood rituals involving the disembowelment of goats, and an alter surrounded with jars of urine and feces. Formerly called the "Seekers," the "cult" was run by Marion David Pettie. An unconfirmed memo states that Pettie was trained in counterintelligence; his CIA handler was Colonel Leonard N. Weigner, a career Air Force and CIA operative. When Customs agents attempted to follow up on the MPD investigation, they were told that "the activity of the Finders had become a CIA internal matter. The MPD report has been classified secret and was not available for review." Martinez was subsequently "advised that the FBI had withdrawn from the investigation several weeks prior and that the FBI Foreign Counter Intelligence Division had directed MPD not to advise the FBI Washington Field Office of anything that had transpired." What police and Customs agents were describing was undoubtledy part of Operation "Monarch," a program of CIA mind control involving the use of small children raised in captivity to respond to various stimuli invoked by their CIA captors. One of the chief field operatives of Operation Monarch was none other than Michael Aquino. (U.S. Customs Report: Detective Jim Bradley of the Washington, D.C. Metropolitan Police Dept. Daniel Brandt, Name Base Newsline, No. 5, April-June 1994: "Cults, Anti-Cultists, and the Cult of Intelligence." Department of the Treasury, United States Customs Service: Report of Investigation. Subject: "Finders." 2/12/87. Agent Raymond J. Martinez.)
Probably the best known case is Jonestown, a cult of over 900 followers in Guyana who committed "mass suicide" in 1978. led by the Reverend Jim Jones. Jonestown was a veritable prison where all the classic mind control techniques were utilized. While little more than a swamp, it nevertheless contained a modern hospital, from which massive quantities of behavioral modification drugs were recovered. One of Jones' top aides, George Philip Blakely, who recruited mercenaries for the CIA in Angola, was the son-in-law of Dr. Lawrence Layton, a former Army biochemical warfare specialist. Researchers have speculated that Jonestown was part of the CIA's MKULTRA experiments. (Joe Holsinger, "Statement to the Forum Entitled 'Psycho-Social Implications of the Jonestown Phenomenon,'" 23 May 1980, Miyako Hotel, San Francisco, quoted in Brandt, Name Base Newsline, No. 5, April-June 1994: "Cults, Anti-Cultists, and the Cult of Intelligence.") "Guyanese troops discovered a large cache of drugs, enough to control the entire population of Georgetown, Guyana (pop. 200,000), for over a year. One footlocker contained 11,000 doses of Thorazine, a dangerous tranquilizer, and others such as sodium pentothal (truth serum), chloral hydrate (a hypnotic), demerol, Thallium (confuses thinking), haliopareael and Largatil (powerful tranquilizers) and many others. It was very evident that Jonestown was a tightly-run concentration camp, complete with medical and psychiatric experimentation." Bo Gritz, Called to Serve. The members of Jonestown were reported to have died from cyanide-laced punch, but many were found shot-to-death by the compound's guards. The military purposefully took over a week to remove the bodies, ensuring, as in the Waco case, that no autopsies could be performed. National Security Advisor Brzezinski's office ordered that "all politically sensitive papers and forms of identification" be removed from the bodies, and Jonestown's mysterious financial resources were found scattered in banks and investments, estimated to be from $26 million to $ 2 billion. (Kenneth Wooden, The Children of Jonestown (New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 1981), p. 196, quoted in Brandt.)
Another well-known case is the Temple of Set, a satanic cult in San Francisco run by former Army psychological warfare specialist Lt. Colonel Michael Aquino, who has written about the control of mass populations. Aquino was accused by an Army Chaplain of molesting several young children at the Presidio. The case was investigated by the SFPD, then turned over to the Army's C.I.D. (Criminal Investigations Division), where it was subsequently dropped. Freedom of Information Act requests I made about Aquino's investigation while editor of the Free Press were stonewalled. Aquino himself picked up on my interest and began bombarding me with letters both dismissing these and all related allegations as "mass-hysteria," while backing up his claims with the threat of a libel suit. (Aquino once announced that he is the Devil incarnate. I still wonder to this day why the Devil needed to take me to Municipal Court to extract his vengeance.)
228. Deposition of anonymous Naval Intelligence officer, copy in author's possession.
229. (171) Brandon Stickney, All American Monster: The Unauthorized Biography of Timothy McVeigh (New York, NY: Prometheus Books, 1996), p. 226.
230. For an excellent account of the potential of hynosis and its use in military applications, see Science Digest, April 1971, "Hypnosis Comes of Age," by G.H. Estabrooks.
231. Marchetti and Marks, Op Cit., p. 279.
232. (172) Scott Anderson, "Globe publishers' Viet tour in mind warfare," Now Magazine, Toronto, Canada, 5/26/94, Quoted in Keith, p. 179.
233. (2:62:*) Former intelligence operative Gene "Chip" Tatum described a recent massive heroin and cocaine smuggling operation being run by rogue elements of the U.S. Government across the Canadian border into Montana with the complicity of local officials. "These officials were recruited to assist in the smuggling operations, thinking they were part of a government-sanctioned covert operation." (Excerpt of a letter from Tatum to the Montana Senate Judiciary Committee, 3/22/97).
234. (173) Gene Wheaton, memo, copy in author's possession; interview with author.
235. Pitzer was later found "suicided" like Admiral Boorda, shot in the chest with a .45. The left-handed Pitzer was found holding the gun in his right hand. As Craig Roberts writes in JFK: The Dead Witnesses, "Pitzer, a consummate note taker and maker, left no suicide note, and no autopsy report was ever released to either the public or the family. all references to Pitzer being present at the autopsy of John F. Kennedy have been removed from government records." Neither does Pitzer's family believe he committed suicide.
236. (174) Jay Wrolstad, "Smoking Gun: Does Dan Marvin Have Evidence of a Kennedy Assassination Conspiracy?" The Ithaca Times, 8/22/96; Franklin Crawford, "Local Man Tells JFK Story," The Ithaca Journal, 11/16/95; Daniel Marvin, "Bits & Pieces: A Green Beret on the Periphery of the JFK Assassination," The Fourth Decade, May, 1995; Colonel Daniel Marvin, interview on Tex Marrs' World of Prophecy, WWCR shortwave, 4/20/96. Marvin's authenticity and credibility have been established by respected Kennedy researchers, as well as Professor L. Pearce Williams of Cornell University, and Jacqueline Powers, former managing editor of the Ithaca Journal, who said "[Col. Marvin] had evidence to back up what he was claiming. I believe him. Everything he has said to me has been true; he's willing to tell what he knows, which can't be easy for him."
237. Captain David V. Vanek, who took the assassination course with Marvin, was allegedly asked by the CIA to assassinate Pitzer after Marvin refused. Vanek denied the allegations in an affivavit.
238. (175) Jonathan Kwitny, The Crimes of Patriots (New York, NY: Simon & Schuster, 1987), p. 103; Affidavit of Colonel Edward P. Cutolo, commander of the 10th Special Forces Group (Airborne), 1st Special Forces, 3/11/80, copy in author's possession.
239. (176) Hoppy Heidelberg, interview with author.
240. (177) "The Gundersen Report on the Bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, April 19, 1995, copy in author's possession.
241. (178) Russell, Op Cit.
242. (179) "Something Big is Going to Happen," Time Magazine, 5/8/95.
243. (180) Washington Post, 5/4/95.
244. (2:66:*) The term "sheep-dipped" is best clarified by former CIA-Department of Defense liaison L. Fletcher Prouty, in his classic work on the CIA, The Secret Team (Prentice Hall). "It is an intricate Army-devised process by which a man who is in the service as a full career soldier or officer agrees to go through all the legal and official motions of resigning from the service. Then, rather than actually being released, his records are pulled from the Army personnel files and transferred to a special Army intelligence file. Substitute but nonetheless real-appearing records are then processed, and the man "leaves" the service."
245. (195) New York Times, 4/23/95.
246. (196) "Terror in Oklahoma: The Suspect; Arizona Neighbors Recall a Man's Love of Weaponry and 'Poor Attitude'", New York Times, 4/23/95.
247. (197) Washington Post, 7/2/95.
248. (198) Marylin Hart, Interview with author, 1/15/96 & 4/1/96.
249. (199) Rob Rangin, Interview with author, 4/1/96.
250. (200) John Kifner, "Arizona Trailer Park Owner Remembered the Wrong Man," New York Times, 4/25/95.
251. (201) Marylin Hart, Interview with author, 1/15/96.
252. (202) New York Times, 4/23/95.
253. (203) Steve Wilmsen and Mark Eddy, "Who bombed the Murrah Building?" Denver Post, date unknown.
254. (204) FBI 302 of Lebron, Op Cit.
255. (205) Patrick E. Cole, "I'm Just Like Anyone Else," Time, 4/15/96.
256. (206) "An Ordinary Boy's Extraordinary Rage", Washington Post, 7/2/95.
257. (207) New York Times, 4/24/95.
258. (208) Mark Schaffer, "Gun Class Sheds New Light On McVeigh," The Arizona Republic, 5/28/95, quoted in Keith.
259. (209) New York Times, 12/31/95.
260. (210) Kevin Flynn and Lou Kilzer, "John Doe 2 Remains a Mystery: OKC Bombing Case's Unknown Suspect Could be More Than One Man, Investigators Believe," Rocky Mountain News, 3/3/97.
261. (211) New York Times, 4/24/95.
262. (*) The child protective services went to the compound, knocked on the door, walked in, and interviewed the children. They found no evidence of abuse and left.
263. (*) This will be explored more fully in Volume Two.
264. (212) Media Bypass, March, 1995.
265. (213) New York Times, 7/5/95.
266. (214) Tim Kelsey, "The Oklahoma Suspect Awaits Day of Reckoning," London Sunday Times, 4/21/96.
267. (215) Robert Vito, "Three Soldiers," CNN News, 8/9/95.
268. (216) Trial of Timothy McVeigh.
269. (217) Opening statement of lead prosecutor Joseph Hartzler at Timothy McVeigh's trial.
270. (218) Howard Pankartz and George Lane, "Sister Testifies Against Brother," Denver Post, 5/6/97.
271. (219) George Lane, "Letters Provide Damaging Evidence," Denver Post, 5/6/97; "Sister's Role Seen as Pivitol," Denver Post, 5/6/97.
272. (220) Time, 5/1/95.
273. (221) New York Times, 5/4/95.
274. (222) "Oklahoma Bombing Plotted for Months, Officials Say, but Suspect Is Not Talking," New York Times, 4/25/95, quoted in Keith, p. 28.
275. (*) Nichols' discharge in the spring of 1989 for "hardship" reasons is also interesting. Another parallel is that of Thomas Martinez, the FBI infiltrator within the radical right Silent Brotherhood, who was given an honorable discharge during basic training. The Army choose not to explained why. (Keith, Op Cit.)
276. (223) Emma Gilbey, "Brothers in Arms with a Destructive Hobby," London Sunday Telegraph, 3/24/95.
277. (224) Affidavit of FBI Agent Patrick W. Wease.
278. (225) Newsweek, 5/15/95.
279. (226) Robert Jerlow, interview with author.
280. (*) The letter to the girlfriend apparently was indicative of plans to bomb other locations. Interesting that the suspect would leave such an curiously incriminating trail of evidence.
281. (227) New York Times, 7/5/95.
282. (228) Dateline, NBC, 2/13/96.
283. (229) Washington Post, 7/2/95.
284. (230) New York Times, 7/5/95.
285. (231) Ibid.; Washington Post, 7/5/95.
286. (232) The Spotlight, 5/26/97.
287. (*) Catina told London Sunday Telegraph reporter Ambrose Evans-Pritchard that the man was "always" there. "He seemes out of place, but he was always around."
288. (233) Jim Garrison, On the Trail of the Assassins, (New York, NY: Warner Books, 1988), p. 157.
289. (*) In a rather prophetic statement, Michael Fortier's mother was heard to remark that McVeigh led "a double life."
290. (234) Media Bypass, 3/95; New York Times, 7/5/95.
291. (235) Beth Hawkins, "The Michigan Militia Greet the Media Circus," Detroit Metro Times, 3/26/95.
292. (236) David Van Biema, Time, 6/26/95.
293. (*) In what may appear to be an ominous coincidence, America in Peril made its debut just as the ATF and FBI were making their own apocalyptic plans for the Branch Davidians in Waco, Texas.
294. (**) The Michigan Militia has officially disowned him.
295. (237) Washington Post, 7/2/95.
296. (238) Ken Armstrong, No Amateur Did This (Aptos, CA: Blackeye Press, 1996), p. 17.
297. (*) Interestingly, Jennifer was found burning papers on an outdoor grill when the FBI showed up on April 23.
298. (239) J.D. Cash, "McVeigh's Sister Laundered Bank Robbery Proceeds: ATF Surveillance Confirmed by Informant," McCurtain Daily Gazette, 1/28/97.
299. (*) Interestingly, authorities wouldn't find any traces of ammonium nitrate in these lockers.
300. (*) As pointed out previously, FBI chief chemist Frederick Whitehurst, who tested McVeigh's clothes, said no explosive residue was found. Whitehurst has since gone on to publicly accuse the FBI of manufacturing and tainting evidence in dozens of cases.
301. (240) Arnold Hamilton, "Bombing Accounts are Varied," Dallas Morning News, 10/8/95.
302. (241) Connie Smith, interview with author. These accounts appeared in the McCurtain Gazette, The New American, and the Denver Post, among other places.
303. (242) Dr. Paul Heath, interview with author.
304. (243) Hoppy Heidelberg, interview with author.
305. (244) Trish Wood, The Fifth Estate, Canadian Broadcasting Corporation; J.D. Cash, "Is a Videotape From a Tulsa Topless Bar the 'Smoking Gun' in Oklahoma City Bombing?" McCurtain Daily Gazette, 9/25/96.
306. (245) Tony Boller, Assistant Project Manager, Goodwill Industries, interview with author.
307. (246) Jane Graham, interview with author. Graham is a friend and co-worker of Joan's.
308. (247) J.D. Cash, McCurtain Daily Gazette, 7/14/96.
309. (248) Sherie, confidential interview with author.
310. (*) She saw the truck at 6:00 a.m. at the diner, then it left before 7:00 a.m. She then saw it at Geary Lake in the afternoon on her way to Junction City, then saw it there on return trip around 3:00-4:00 p.m. The mainstream-press originally said Whittenberg saw the truck on Tuesday, parroting the FBI's line that McVeigh had rented the truck on the 17th.
311. (249) Dan Parker, "McVeigh Defense Questions Co-Defendant's Claim," Daily Oklahoman, date unknown; Steve Wilmsen and Mark Eddy, "Who bombed the Murrah Building?" Denver Post, date unknown; Timothy McVeigh's Petition for Writ of Mandamus, 3/25/97, p. 36.
312. (250) Linda Kuhlman and Phyliss Kingsley, interviews with author.
313. (251) Mark Eddy, "Witnesses tell a different story," Denver Post, 6/16/96.
314. (*) What is interesting is that McVeigh's friend James Nichols said that McVeigh never wore a baseball cap, much less backwards. He said McVeigh only wore an Army-issue cap.
315. (252) Chuck Allen, interview with author.
316. (253) Ibid.
317. (254) Jane Graham, interview with author. Graham is a friend and co-worker of Johnston's.
318. (*) It is interesting that McVeigh would choose to hang around the scene of the crime, along with his easily identifiable yellow Mercury Marquis, minutes after it occurred. Johnston described the John Doe 2 as shorter and darker than McVeigh.
319. (255) "Feds Charge Terry Nichols in Bombing," Los Angeles Times, 5/10/95, quoted in Keith, p. 185.
320. (256) FBI FD-383 (FBI Facial Identification Fact Sheet) of Tom Kessinger, dated 4/20/95, copy in author's possession.
321. (257) London Sunday Times, 4/21/96.
322. (258) Affidavit of FBI Special Agent Henry C. Gibbons, 4/21/95, copy in author's possession.
323. (259) Garrison, Op Cit., p.65, 77.
324. (260) Bid, p.66.
325. (261) Ibid., p. 79.
326. (262) Julie DelCour, "Informant Says Tulsan Talked About Local, OC Bombings," Tulsa World, 2/9/97.
327. (263) "TNT, $5 a stick. Need more. Call after 1 May, see if I can get some more."
328. (264) William Pepper, Orders to Kill: The Truth Behind the Murder of Dr. Martin Luther King, (New York, NY: Carol & Graf), 1995, p.156.
329. (265) London Sunday Times, 4/21/96.
330. (266) Kevin Johnson, "McVeigh Lawyer Says FBI Agents Using Trickery," USA Today, 8/14/95, quoted in Keith, Op Cit, p. 57.
331. (267) Lana Padilla, interview with author.
332. (268) Bob Papovich, interview with author.
333. (269) "A Look at Terry Nichols," Associated Press, 4/5/96.
334. (270) Lana Padilla, interview with author, Diane Sawyer, ABC News Prime Time Live, 5/10/95.
335. (271) Padilla and Delpit, Op Cit., p. 36.
336. (272) Associated Press, 4/5/96.
337. (273) Steve Wilmsen and Mark Eddy, "Who bombed the Murrah Building?" Denver Post, date unknown.
338. (274) Serge F. Kovaleski, "In a Mirror, Nichols Saw a Victim," Washington Post, 7/3/95.
339. (275) "A look at Terry Nichols," Associated Press, 4/5/96.
340. (276) Media Bypass, date unknown.
341. (277) Ibid.
342. (278) Kovaleski, Op Cit.
343. (279) Padilla and Delpit,Op Cit., p. 168.
344. (280) Keith, Op Cit., p. 179.
345. (281) Kovaleski, Op Cit.
346. (*) In October of 1959, Lee Harvey Oswald appeared suddenly at the American Embassy in Moscow, and dramatically handed over his U.S. Passport and a letter renouncing his American citizenship.
347. (282) Associated Press, 4/5/96.
348. (283) Kovaleski, Op Cit.
349. (284) Lana Padilla, interview with author.
350. (285) Elizabeth Gleick, "Who Are They? The Oklahoma blast reveals the paranoid life and times of accused bomber Timothy McVeigh and his right-wing associates." Time, 5/1/95.
351. (286) Ibid.
352. (287) Barbara Whittenberg, interview with author.
353. (288) Washington Post, 7/3/95.
354. (289) Denver Post, date unknown.
355. (290) Kovaleski, Op Cit..
356. (291) Padilla and Delpit, Op Cit., p.3.
357. (*) When I questioned her about this apparent contradiction, she told me her later statement was correct, and the book's account was wrong.
358. (292) Lana Padilla, interview with author.
359. (**) Nichols became interested in selling military surplus in December of 93' to April of 94' according to Padilla.
360. (293) Padilla and Delpit, Op Cit., p. 6; interview with author.
361. (294) KFOR interview with Lana Padilla. Interview with author.
362. (295) Padilla, Op Cit., p.5, 9.
363. (296) Lana Padilla, interview with author.
364. (297) Padilla, Op Cit., p. 12.
365. (298) Lana Padilla, interview with author.
366. (299) Lou Kilzer and Kevin Floyd, "McVeigh Team Tries Again for Delay," Rocky Mountain News, 3/26/97; Timothy McVeigh's Petition for Writ of Mandamus, 3/25/97.
367. (300) Telephone records of Terry Nichols, copy in author's possession.
368. (*) Earlier, McVeigh had told Padilla, "I'll write to him (Nichols), but I guess I'd better do it in code, because there are a lot of nosy people."
369. (301) David Jackson, Linnet Myers, Flynn McRoberts, Chicago Tribune, 5/11/95.
370. (302) Padilla and Delpit, Op Cit., p. 201.
371. (*) Nichols' attorney Michael Tigar claimed his client's use of aliases while renting the storage lockers was to prevent the credit card companies from coming after him.
372. (*) McVeigh Defense attorney Christopher Tritico questioned the analysis, noting the FBI laboratory isn't accredited by any agency for such a test. Tritico also used photographs of a test hole drilled into lead by the bit to argue that grooves and scratches didn't resemble those in the hole closely enough to call them a match.
373. (303) J.D. Cash, McCurtain Gazette, date unknown.
374. (304) "McVeigh Appeals Conviction, Sentence," Reuters, 1/16/98.
375. (305) Barbara Whittenberg, interview with author.
376. (306) Nolan Clay, Robby Trammell, Diana Baldwin and Randy Ellis, "Nichols, Bomb Materials Linked," Daily Oklahoman, date unknown.
377. (307) Jerri-Lynn Backhous, interview with author.
378. (308) Dorinda J. "Wendy" Hermes, interview with author.
379. (*) Butler and Snell also reportedly had connections to Jack Oliphant of Kingman, Arizona.
380. (309) New York Times, 5/20/95.
381. (310) Edward Zehr, "Oklahoma City Cover-up Exposed: But the Mainstream Media are Still in Denial," Washington Weekly, 2/17/97.
382. (311) "The Company They Keep," Transcript of the Canadian Broadcasting Company "Fifth Estate" piece on Oklahoma City, originally broadcast on 22 October 1996, Host, Bob Oxley, Voice-Over Announcer, Trish Wood, Francine Pelletier; Guest, Robert Millar, Leader, Elohim City; Kerry Noble, Formerly Of CSA; Steven Jones, Timothy McVeigh's Lawyer; Joe Adams, Bailiff; Ross Mcleod, Security Agency Owner.
383. (312) Warren Gotcher, interview with author.
384. (313) Anthony Thornton, "Bomb Plans Found in Defendant's Home, FBI Agent Testifies," The Daily Oklahoman, 4/3/96. "Anthony Thornton, "Three Defendants Found Guilty in Bomb Plot, The Daily Oklahoman. date unknown.
385. (314) Judy Thomas, "We Are Not Dangerous, Leader of Separatists Says" Kansas City Star, 3/17/96.
386. (315) Mark Fazlollah, Michael Matza, Maureen Graham and Larry King, "FBI: Heist Trail Led to White Supremacists," Philadelphia Inquirer, 6/30/96.
387. (*) Mathews himself was the Northwest representative of William Pierce's National Alliance.
388. (316) "Bank Bandits Tied to Rightists," Associated Press, 1/21/96; J.D. Cash with Jeff Holladay, "Rebels With a Cause, Part 3: The Aryan Republican Army, McCurtain Daily Gazette, 12/29/96.
389. (317) Bill Morlin, "Devoted to Making Nation 'Ungovernable': Group Patterns its Organization After Irish Republican Army," Spokesman-Review, 12/29/96.
390. (318) J.D. Cash, "The Spy Who Came in From the Cold," McCurtain Daily Gazette, 2/11/97.
391. (319) J.D. Cash with Jeff Holladay, "Rebels With a Cause, Part Four: An Ex-Wife's Suspicions In The OKBOMB Case," McCurtain Daily Gazette, 12/31/96.
392. (320) Andreas Strassmeir, interview with author.
393. (321) Judy L. Thomas, "Man Target of Bank Robbery Inquiry," Kansas City Star, 1/29/97.
394. (322) Ambrose Evans-Pritchard, The Secret Life of Bill Clinton: The Unreported Stories (Washington, DC: Regnery), p. 80.
395. (*) It may be telling that part of Strassmeir's training involved feeding people disinformation.
396. (323) Pritchard, Op Cit.; William Jasper, "More Pieces to the OKC Puzzle," The New American, 6/24/96.
397. (324) February, 1996 press release from the Cause Foundation, quoted in The New American.
398. (*) Around the same time, the caller telephoned the National Alliance office in Arizona. The National Alliance is the organization formed by William Pierce, who wrote The Turner Diaries.
399. (325) Laura Frank, "Oklahoma City Probe May Touch Tennessee," The Tennessean, 6/30/96.
400. (326) J.D. Cash, "Is a Videotape From a Tulsa Topless Bar the 'Smoking Gun' in Oklahoma City Bombing?" McCurtain Daily Gazette, 9/25/96.
401. (327) Judy Thomas, Kansas City Star, 3/17/96.
402. (328) Dennis Mahon, interview with William Jasper.
403. (329) Timothy McVeigh's Petition for Writ of Mandamus, 3/25/97, pp. 44-45.
404. (330) Jeff Steinberg, interview with author.
405. (331) The members, Gene Schroder, Alvin Jenkins, and Ed Petruski, met with Iraqi Ambassador Mohammed Mashat before the start of Desert Storm. The Iraqis took notice of the group's patriotic activities, and invited them to Washington. "They were hoping to open up negotiations with America," explained Schroder, a farmer and veterinarian from Campo, Colorado. "They knew that we'd meet with them and push the issue some with our Representatives and Congressmen." The entire affair was completely legitimate and well-publicized, having been reported in at least one local newspaper in Colorado. The Constitutionalists and anti-war activists also had the support of Senators Hank Brown and Bob Dole. "We called the State Department and everything was cleared," they explained. Yet it seemed Jones' was trying to portray the meeting as part of a broader conspiracy between Iraqis and American dissidents. The attorney referred to the three men as Posse Comitatus members a tax-protest organization of the mid-'80s with anti-Semitic overtones and connections to white supremacist groups. All three denied belonging to the group. Jones then mentioned that Petruski lived an hour's drive from bombing defendant Terry Nichols' house. Petruski denied knowing Nichols. (Eugene Schroder, Alvin Jenkins, and Ed Petruskie, interviews with author; Timothy McVeigh's Petition for Writ of Mandamus, 3/25/97.)
406. (*) Although Jones only refers to "Suspect I," it is well-known that he is referring to Nichols, because he says he was "A subject of the FBI and Grand Jury investigation. " There were only two people investigated by the Federal Grand Jury: Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols.
407. (332) Pritchard, Op Cit., 3/30/97.
408. (333) Ingo Hasselbach with Tom Reiss, Fuhrer-Ex: Memoirs of a Former Neo-Nazi (New York, NY: Random House, 1996), p. 215; John Michael Johnston, "Investigative Report Concerning Fact-Finding Trip to Germany," 5/15/96, copy in author's possession.
409. (*) The El Rukn case is documented in the Federal Reporter in Unites States v. McAnderson, 914 F. 2d 934 (7th Cir. 1990). "The El Rukns sought to impress the Libyans and to demonstrate the depth of their commitment by discussing specific terrorist acts, among them destroying a government building, planting a bomb, blowing up an airplane, and simply committing a wanton 'killing here and a killing there' to get the Libyans' attention. Eventually, the leader of the El Rukns decided that the Libyans would only be impressed by the use of powerful explosives." (Jones, Writ of Mandamus, p. 85)
410. (334) "Black History and the Class Struggle," The Separatist League, No. 11, August, 1994. In a letter to his followers concerning his strange alliance with the NOI, Rockwell wrote: "I was amazed to learn how much they and I agree on things: they think that blacks should get out of this country and go back to Africa or to some other place and so do we. They want to get black men to leave white women alone, and white men to leave black women alone, and so do we. The Honorable Elijah Muhammad and I have worked out an agreement of mutual assistance in which they will help us on some things and we will help them on others.("
411. (335) Washington Times, 9/30/85.
412. (336) Ambrose Evans-Pritchard, "IRA supplied detonator for Oklahoma terror bomb," London Sunday Telegraph, 3/30/97.
413. (*) British officials no doubt took the implications seriously. Jones had spent considerable time consulting with British explosives experts who planned to testify on behalf of the defense, as well as officials from MI5, Britain's domestic intelligence service and even an unnamed IRA member.( (Associate Press, 3/30/97.)
414. (337) Tom Conlon and Helen Curtin, Dublin Sunday Times, 7/13/97, quoted in McCurtain Daily Gazette, 7/15/97.
415. (338) Rita Cosby reporting, KOKH, FOX, 4/2/97; Andreas Strassmeir, interview with author.
416. (*) Information obtained from the Military Records Center by Ambrose Evans-Pritchard reveals that Petruski served in the Air Force Office of Special Investigations (OSI), retiring in 1975. His dalliance with the military included a stint as a Foreign Intelligence Officer in Vietnam, then Special Projects Officer, Special Activities Branch, Counterintelligence Division in Washington, D.C. He was reactivated with a "sensitive" assignment during the Gulf War.
417. (339) "Strassmeir, OKC, And The CIA," The New American, 7/22/96.
418. (340) Phil Bacharach, "Casting Doubts: Were Others Involved in the Federal Building Bombing?" Oklahoma Gazette, 2/13/97.
419. (*) Curiously, when the FBI queried various federal law-enforcement and intelligence agencies to determine if Strassmeir was a cooperating witness or a confidential informant, only the CIA reported that it held any records on him. These records were turned over to prosecutors, but not made available to McVeigh's defense team, despite a court order compelling their disclosure.
420. (341) J.D. Cash, with Jeff Holladay "Weeks Before OKC Bombing, ATF Had 'Wanted' Posters On Strassmeir," McCurtain County Gazette, 7/28/96.
421. (342) J.D. Cash, "Agents Probe OKC Bombing Links To Bank Robberies," McCurtain Daily Gazette, 7/16/96.
422. (*) Interestingly, cases involving violence or planned violence by militias from around the U.S. show a recurring theme of government penetration and infiltration of militia groups. For example, testimony in the Muskogee bombing case showed that the FBI was literally paying the operating expenses, including the phone bills for the Tri-State Militia.
423. (*) OHP pilot Ken Stafford, ATF technician Pat McKinley, and acting ATF SAC Tommy Wittman flew over Elohim City on February 7, 1995, and reported to Finley-Graham.
424. (*) BATF regional director Lester Martz denies that the BOLO was put out by the ATF.
425. (343) Tulsa Police Intelligence, confidential interview with author.
426. (344) An INS memo of January 10 stated: "Per your note, I talked to Angela Finely, ATF. It may be awhile before the subject is contacted or arrested, but we will probably be called to assist."
427. (*) It seems the ATF and FBI were also concerned about the possiblity of an "intramural fire fight" between their respective agencies at Elohim City.
428. (345) Cash, Op Cit.
429. (*) Howe's allegations of federal malfeasance dovetailed with those of federal informant Cary Gagan, who was inside the Middle Eastern cell tied to the bombing.
430. (346) Pritchard, Op Cit.
431. (347) Ibid.; The OHP officer who made the arrest was Vernon Phillips.
432. (348) J.D. Cash, McCurtain Daily Gazette, 7/14/96. Dennis Mahon also admitted that Strassmeir worked for the GSG-9.
433. (*) The FBI didn't go to any great lengths to question Strassmeir, nor his roommate Michael Brescia. Months after the bombing, the FBI places a leisurely call to Strassmeir's home in Berlin. They made no attempt to question or arrest Brescia.
434. (**) When Middle Eastern suspect Hussain al-Hussaini came under scrutiny by KFOR and other investigators for his role in the bombing, the FBI "debunked" the "rumors" about him, too. Was he also an agent? (See Chapter 6)
435. (349) J.D. Cash and Jeff Holliday, "Weeks Before Bombing, ATF Had Out "Wanted" Posters, McCurtain Gazette, 7/29/96, quoted in American Freedom, September, 1996.
436. (*) The ostensible purpose of the raid was to recover bomb-making materials materials which had been obtained by Howe at the request of her ATF handler Finley-Graham!
437. (350) J.D. Cash, "Controversy Over Howe's True Loyalties Become Focus of Her Trial," McCurtain Daily Gazette, 7/30/97.
438. (351) J.D. Cash, McCurtain Gazette, 7/14/96. The source claimed that classified computer records of the ATF contained evidence that Strassmeir was indeed a key component in the agency's espionage operation at Elohim City, and numerous neo-Nazi groups throughout the country.
439. (352) London Sunday Telegraph. date unknown.
440. (353) "Hate and the Law: Kirk Lyons, Esq." Anti-Defamation League, Special Edition, June, 1991.
441. (354) Lyons had this to say about Mahon in an interview with Volkstreue, a German Neo-Nazi magazine: "I have great respect for the Klan historically but sadly, the Klan today is ineffective and sometimes even destructive. There are many spies in it and most of its best leaders have left the Klan to do more effective work within the movement. It would be good if the Klan followed the advice of former Klansman Robert Miles: 'Become invisible. Hang the robes and hoods in the cupboard and become an underground organization.' This would make the Klan stronger than ever before."
442. (355) Ambrose Evans-Pritchard & Andrew Gimson, "Did Agents Bungle US Terror Bomb?", date unknown. Some of the dialogue was added from Pritchard's 1997 release, The Secret Life of Bill Clinton(Washongton, DC: Regnery), p. 90.
443. (*) "When The New American asked Evans-Pritchard if he believed Strassmeir was referring to himself when speaking in the third person of the 'informant,' he replied, 'Of course, there's no doubt that is exactly what he meant to convey. He was stating it as plainly as he could' without admitting criminal culpability on his own part." (William Jasper, "Elohim, Terror and Truth," The New American, 3/31/97.)
444. (356) Andreas Strassmeir, interview with author.
445. (357) Alex Constantine, "The Nazification of the Citizen's Militias and the Transformation of Timothy McVeigh from Hyper-Military 'Robot' to Mad Bomber," 12/9/95.
446. (358) Petition for Writ of Mandamus of Timothy McVeigh, 3/25/97, p. 44.
447. (359) Constantine, Op Cit.
448. (360) Ibid.
449. (361) William Jasper, "Elohim, Terror, and Truth," New American, 3/31/97.
450. (362) Charles, Op Cit. In her report of September 26, 1994, Finley-Graham indicates that Mahon "gave 183 approximately 2 feet of green safety fuse, a can of gun powder and a plastic funnel," and said he would "instruct 183 how to assemble hand grenades."
451. (363) James Ridgeway, "Lone Assassins?: A Series of Arrests May Link the Oklahoma City Bombing Suspects to a Larger Plot," Village Voice, 2/5/97; Mark Eddy, "Others Eyed in Bomb Probe?" Denver Post, 1/29/97.
452. (364) Cash, Op Cit.
453. (365) Zehr, Op Cit.
454. (*) According to reports, it was Cash who "persuaded" Mahon to make the recording.
455. (366) ATF ROI 53270-94-0124-B, 1/11/95.
456. (367) Ibid.
457. (368) Letter read into testimony at Howe's trial.
458. (369) ATF ROI, 9/26/94. "Andy also told 183 that there exists a black market dealer who can get grenades, C-4 and a range of explosives."
459. (*) Dawson was also a paid informant for the Greensboro Police Department.
460. (**) With a map of the parade route supplied by Greensboro Police Department Detective Jerry Cooper, Dawson, Butkovich, and their KKK and neo-Nazi comrades were able to select the most advantageous site for their ambush. Although Cooper and other officers surveilled the house where the killers had assembled and took down license numbers, they inexplicably decided to take a lunch break less then 45 minutes before the march. By the time the shooting started, the tactical squad assigned to monitor the demonstration was still out to lunch. Even more inexplicably, two officers responding to a domestic call at the Morningside projects, the site of the CWP march, noted the suspicious absence of patrol cars usually assigned to the area. One of the cops, Officer Wise, later reported receiving a bizarre call from police dispatch, advising him to "clear the area as soon as possible." The incident resulted in an ATF/FBI-led cover-up similar in most respects to the Oklahoma City whitewash, with most of the suspects being acquitted of first degree murder charges. Echoing the factitious rants of federal officials in Oklahoma, FBI Director William Webster called the charges of federal complicity "utterly absurd." Although the killers had been recruited, organized and led on their murderous rampage by ATF and FBI operatives, none ever served a day of jail-time. ((*) Frank Donner, Protectors of Privilege: Red Squads and Police Repression in America, (Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA, University of California Press: 1990), p. 360; Michael Novick, "Blue by Day, White by Night: Organized White Supremacist Groups in Law Enforcement Agencies," People Against Racist Terror, 2/3/93, p. 3.)
461. (370) Ivo Dawnay, "Informant Accuses FBI Over Oklahoma Bomb," Electronic Telegraph, 7/20/97.
462. (*) Just as federal informant Cary Gagan provided the FBI and U.S. Marshals with warnings.
463. (371) Kay Clarke, interview with author. Snider's half-sister, Kay Clarke, testified that she drew the composite sketch of the man Snider saw.
464. (372) Diana Baldwin and Ed Godfrey, "Separatist Asks for Immunity Witness Takes the Fifth Before Grand Jury," Daily Oklahoman, 7/17/97.
465. (373) Ambrose Evans-Pritchard, "'Master of Disguise' Ready to Run," London Sunday Telegraph, 3/30/97.
466. (374) Diana Baldwin, "Former Klansman Identifies Aryan Leader as John Doe 2," Daily Oklahoman, 10/8/97.
467. (375) Cash, Op Cit.
468. (*) When McVeigh's defense team asked federal prosecutors for Howe's reports in pre-trial discovery, they were informed the records didn't exist. When it was shown that the records did indeed exist, an angry Judge Matsch ordered the records delivered to the defense and threatened the prosecutors with removal from the case if they lied one more time.
469. (*) Finley-Graham admitted during Howe's subsequent trial that she was listed as an "active informant" through December 18, 1996, but offered an interesting explanation for that status. Both Finley-Graham and federal prosecutors claimed that removing her from the official listing might have led to the destruction of records regarding the bombing. "That was especially intriguing and troubling," writes New American editor Bill Jasper, "because it left unanswered who would have destroyed which records, and why any records concerning the deadliest terrorist attack on American soil would have been destroyed, especially while the investigation is ongoing and a trial is pending."
470. (376) William F. Jasper, "Undercover: The Howe Revelations," The New American, 9/15/97.
471. (*) Her live-in neo-Nazi boyfriend, James Viefhaus Jr., had been arrested earlier for allegedly promoting a call-in message advocating the bombing of federal buildings in 15 different cities. The message, reportedly connected to the National Socialist Alliance of Oklahoma, also endorsed the April 19th bombing. The FBI claimed to have discovered bomb-making materials in Viefhaus' home.
472. (377) "Ex-Informant Indicted on Charges," Associated Press, 3/13/97, Indictment No. 97-CR-05-C, Northern District of Oklahoma, 3/11/97.
473. (378) Richard Leiby, "How a Wheaton Kid Became a Neo-Nazi Bank Robber, and One Confused Human," Washington Post, 2/13/97.
474. (379) James Ridgeway, Village Voice, 7/23/96; Cash, Op Cit.
475. (380) Fazlollah, et al., Op Cit.
477. (382) Leiby, Op Cit.
478. (383) Morlin, Op Cit.
479. (384) Leiby, Op Cit.
480. (*) Chevie and Cheyne Kehoe, two brothers who opened fire on police in Ohio in February of 1997 during a routine traffic stop, also lived at Elohim City. Were they some of the people trained in weaponry by Strassmeir?
481. (385) Paul Queary, "Bombing Informant Ruffles Case," Associate Press, 2/23/97.
482. (386) Robert Heibel, interview with author.
483. (387) Walter Goodman, "Terror in Oklahoma City: TV Critics' Notebook; Wary Network Anchors Battle Dubious Scoops, New York Times, 4/20/95.
484. (388) Craig Roberts, interview with author.
485. (*) Lipkin also told Roberts that Stinger missiles have been smuggled into the country. A Stinger is thought to have been responsible for the attack on TWA flight 800.
486. (389) Arnold Hamiltion, "Oklahoma City Car bomb Kills at Least 31; Scores Missing in Rubble of Office Building," Dallas Morning News, 4/20/95.
487. (390) Hugh Davies, "Rental Car is Key Clue on Trail of Terrorists," London Sunday Telegraph, 4/21/95. Abdul Yasin, another Iraqi, was released and returned to Iraq. Abdul Basit is Yousef's real name.
488. (*) No evidence was produced for the so-called assassination attempt. The allegations were reminiscent of the tale of Iraqi soldiers pulling babies out of incubators, which turned out to be a lie.
489. (391) Patrick Cockburn, "Defector Exposes Saddam's Lies on Chemical Weapons," The Independent, 5/7/96. "General Sammara'i says that the committee in charge of sabotage on which he served, and which uses a special 600-strong military unit called 888 to carry out operations, still exists and he suspects it was involved in giving support to the bombers.
490. (392) Paul Anderson, Metro Correspondent Chicago, IL "Threat of Terrorism Further Increases," Net News Service , 07/07/93.
491. (393) Ibid., Center for National Security Policy, No. 95-D23 11 April 1995 Decision Brief.
492. (394) William Carley, "A Trail of Terror," Wall Street Journal, 6/16/93, p. A1, quoted in James Phillips, "The Changing Face Of Middle Eastern Terrorism," Heritage Foundation Report, 10/6/94.
493. (395) Jack Anderson, Dale Van Atta, "Iraq Reported to Send Terrorists to U.S.," Washington Post, 1/28/91.
494. (*) A note on Steven Emerson: Although there is no evidence contradicting these claims, it should be noted that Emerson has, in the past, served as an official mouthpiece for the U.S. government, as a consultant to the Pentagon. He played a large role in covering up the truth of the Pan Am 103 bombing, by attacking and smearing Lester Coleman, Juval Aviv, and any others who tried to bring forth the truth. Emerson also went on the Heraldo Rivera show in June of 1997 and attempted to bash Kevin Flynn of the Rocky Mountain News who had uncovered connections between Terry Nichols and suspects in the Philippines. The author attempts in this instance merely to report a few basic facts as related by Emerson, who does have some experience in Middle East terrorism. The author, however, holds Emerson's dubious connections with elements of the government in question.
495. (396) The bombings included a Jewish community center in Buenos Aires and the Israeli embassy, the downing of a commuter plane in Panama, and a Jewish charity organization in London. It is assumed that the July, 1994 attacks by Hizbollah which coincided with King Hussein's peace-making trip to Washington were primarily to disrupt the Israeli/PLO peace talks.
496. (397) According to Phillips: "Islamic radicals also often have a different audience in mind than Palestinian nationalists. Instead of using terrorism to influence Western powers to change their policies, they often use terrorism to punish Western powers and inspire other Muslims to rise up against the West. This focus on the Muslim audience rather than an American audience helps explain how the bombers of the World Trade Center could rationalize their bloody actions. The bombing was meant to demonstrate the power of Islamic radicals and the vulnerability of the U.S., not to lead the U.S. to rethink its Middle East policy."
497. (398) Confidential report of William Northrop to KFOR, 5/10/96. Copy in author's possession.
498. (399) Phillips, Op Cit. "Between 1980 and 1989 over 400 terrorist actions spilled over from the Middle East to other regions, with 87 percent of these actions occurring in Western Europe." Paul Wilkinson, "Terrorism, Iran and the Gulf Region," Jane's Intelligence Review, May 1992, p. 222.
499. (400) "Jihad in America," PBS Documentary, 11/21/94.
500. (*) Shimon Havitz, an Israeli General attached to the Prime Minister's office, also told McVeigh Defense Attorney Stephen Jones that the Israelis had issued a warning to the Americans.
501. (401) Yehizkel Zadok, "The FBI is Conducting a Search for 'Three Middle Easterners,'" Yediot Arhonot, 4/20/95.
502. (402) Report of William Northrop, and interview with author.
503. (403) Timothy McVeigh's Petition for Writ of Mandamus, 3/25/97, p. 81. Jones points out, given the issue of the credibility of the information, that the head of Saudi Intelligence is the King's own son.
504. (*) Jones said that Lipkin met with his U.S. "counterpart," Phil Wilcox, the U.S. State Department's coordinator for terrorism, after the bombing to "compare notes." The reader will also recall that two Israeli bomb experts traveled to Oklahoma City after the bombing to analyze the bomb signature.
505. (*) Jones originally said that the meeting took place in Kingman, AZ. According to Gagan, that was incorrect, and was to protect Gagan's information.
506. (*) Gagan had intermittent contact with the Soviets throughout the mid-'80s. In 1982, Gagan met a Soviet spy named Edward Bodenzayer while in Puerto Vallerta. Bodenzayer had been exporting classified technology to Russia through his import/export business. He was eventually arrested as a result of a joint FBI/Customs counterintelligence sting operation known as Operation Aspen Leaf.
507. (404) Cary Gagan, interview with author.
508. (405) Deposition of Cary James Gagan, 7/14/95. Copy in author's possession.
509. (*) Gagan later seemed to waver on this point: "I don't care what they say where he was supposedly he was there." He later said: "I'm not sure, but it sure looked like him. He just didn't fit."
510. (**) Gagan recalls that Omar threw something in the trash. Gagan later fished it out. They were technical diagrams in Spanish that appeared to be bomb plans.
511. (*) According to Gagan, his Arab friends were interested in buying the Postal Center, and asked Gagan to propose a cash deal to Colombo. They were apparently interested in its mail and truck rental facility.
512. (406) Mike Levine, interview with author.
513. (407) Report of Craig Roberts, 5/8/95, copy in author's possession. Roberts is the author's partner on the Oklahoma City bombing investigation.
514. (*) What is interesting, considering the FBI's lack of response, is that the Tulsa office of the FBI had commissioned Roberts to provide a report on the bombing.
515. (**) Gagan coyly admitted to knowing Iran-Contra drug runner and pilot Barry Seal.
516. (408) Gagan contacted Dave Floyd at the U.S. Marshals Office. He said 'We've got to get moving on this right away.' I said, 'Well, I've got to have immunity.'"
517. (*) Gagan was referring to a Middle Eastern man who flew in from Oklahoma City. Gagan had never seen him before.
518. (*) Gagan gave accurate and specific descriptions of street addresses he had been in Kingman, and provided receipts for his travels to the Arizona town. He also provided receipts for hotel rooms in which he claims bomb planning meetings were held. He said the original plot involved blowing up a Jewish convention center in Denver where President Clinton was speaking.
519. (409) FBI Agent Mark Holtslaw, interview with author.
520. (410) Hand-written letter from Gagan to Tina Rowe, copy in author's possession.
521. (*) Jayna Davis, KFOR-TV broadcast, June, 1995. U.S. Marshals Service head Tina Rowe said, regarding Cary Gagan's hand-delivered letter: "I work in a federal building and all my friends work in federal buildings, and it's not something that anyone working in that environment would ever overlook." KFOR then uncovered a copy of Gagan's envelope, on which the matching signature of a Marshals Service employee was found. The Marshals Service claimed it was suspicious, because it's office policy to sign both the first and last name, and to stamp all incoming mail.
522. (**) The Judge who sent Gagan to the mental hospital, John P. Gately, was later termed incompetent and disbarred due to brain cancer.
523. (411) Kevin Flynn, "Romer, Norton get Bomb Threats: CBI Informant's Reliability in Question; He Also Warned of Federal Building Blast," Rocky Mountain News, 8/12/95. Gagan was worried about what had happened in Mexico with the Soviets, and didn't want to accept a plea bargain.
524. (412) Federal Public Defender, confidential interview with author.
525. (*) A voice stress analysis the author ran on Gagan's interview tapes showed he was telling the truth.
526. (**) Reports indicating that Gagan had been of assistance to the DEA were illegally removed from his informant file in an attempt to discredit him.
527. (413) Letter of Immunity from U.S. Justice Dept. signed by Henry Solano, to Gary James Gagan, copy in author's possession.
528. (414) "FBI Furor," Unclassified, Summer, 1997.
529. (415) Gail Gibson, "The Strange Murder-For-Hire Trial of Chuck Hayes Got Even Stranger Yesterday," Lexington Herald-Leader, 1/16/97. Myers claimed that Hayes, a former CIA operative, had tried to hire a hit-man with a mere $5,000, using an open phone line.
530. (416) Former Army C.I.D. investigator, confidential interview with author.
531. (417) Dick Russell, "Spook Wars In Cyberspace: Is the FBI Railroading Charles Hayes?" High Times, June, 1997.
532. (*) Gagan says the Letter of Immunity was not filed with the court, in violation of standard procedure. He also asserts that Allison's signature was signed by his secretary, and is no good.
533. (418) Florida police detective, confidential interview with author.
534. (*) Gagan claims that on January 15, 1997, as he was waiting for a bus at 1st and Lincoln in downtown Denver, a dark four-door Buick came careening around the corner, firing at him with a silenced automatic weapon. A check with Doug Packston at the Colorado Transit Authority revealed a bullet hole in the bus shelter and glass that had been replaced.
535. (*) It is unlikely that Gagan could have known about King's story, which was not widely reported.
536. (**) The Florida police detective I spoke with told me that the FBI and state authorities "didn't want to investigate this," referring to the connections he uncovered between Arab-Americans, the PLO, and the Cali Cartel, in the mid-80s. He believes the FBI's head of Counterintelligence came to Florida disguised as an agent, found out what they were working on, and took off. As he said, "Things weren't right. It was as if someone were looking at this and saying 'stay away from it.'" His experience ties into that of an Army C.I.D. officer who investigated the brother of one of the Middle-Easterners allegedly involved in the bombing, who was involved in military espionage in Huntsville, Alabama in the mid-80s. He said the FBI "stonewalled" the case. (More on this later)
537. (419) OCPD Dispatch of 4/19/95.
538. (420) David Harper, "Just who is Carol Howe? Jurors Will Have To Decide Who the Real Woman Is," Tulsa World, 7/28/97. "Howe said she heard a 'powerful murmur' in the fall of 1995 that Tulsa could be the target of a major bombing in the spring of 1996. Howe said Thursday she left messages in 1995 but that her calls weren't returned."
539. (*) A specific warning regarding flight 103 was also passed on from a Mossad Agent working at the Frankfurt airport.
540. (**) What is interesting is that Oliver "Buck" Revell, former Counter-Terrorism chief of the FBI, pulled his son and daughter-in-law off Pan Am 103 minutes before the flight. Did Revell know something the rest of us did not? (Steven Emerson doesn't bother mentioning that little fact in his psyop piece entitled The Fall of Pan Am 103 , which, incidentally, leaves out the entire CIA/drug connection that many feel was linked to the bombing.
541. (**) Was Solano pressured to ignore Gagan's warning? The Denver U.S. Attorney had earlier intended to proceed with an investigation into corruption by top U.S. officials connected with Boulder Partnerships, Ltd., Twin Cities Bank of Little Rock, and MDC Holdings of Denver, until he realized who was involved friends of Bill Clinton and George Herbert Walker Bush.
542. (421) Robert Rudolph, "Lawmen Get Warning of Plot on U.S. Targets," Newark Star Ledger, 3/22/95.
543. (422) Wendy Holden and David Millward, "Oklahoma Bomb Suspect Seized at Heathrow," London Sunday Telegraph. date unknown.
544. (423) Ibid.
545. (424) Ibid.
546. (425) Steven Emerson and Brian Duffy, The Fall of Pan Am 103, (New York, NY: G.P. Putnam's), 1990, p. 176; also see "The Maltese Double Cross," a British TV documentary on Pan Am 103.
547. (*) Ahmed's detention produced a flurry of responses from the ACLU (American Civil Liberties Union), who were notified by Ahmed's friend Sam Khalid. The ACLU has long been funded (some say taken over) by the Roger Baldwin Foundation, a CIA front. Perhaps they wanted their man Ahmed released, just as the CIA wanted Jordanian Marwan Kreeshat released.
548. (**) Haider Al Saiidi, one of Khalid's workers, had a wife who miscarriaged after the bombing due to harassment. When Haider made that public, Khalid fired him. If Clear's theory is true, it is curious why Khalid fired him.
549. (426) Police Report of arrest of Hussain Al-Hussaini. Sharon Twilley also stated she believed she had seen McVeigh in a bar on NW 10th Street, and had seen Hussaini and other Khalid employees in the same bar at different times.
(* What must be pointed out again is that the FBI is claiming McVeigh rented the Ryder truck the following Monday, April 17, which he did. This account indicates that two Ryder trucks were involved in the operation, not one, as the FBI claims.
552. (427) Craig Freeman and Dennis Jackson, interviews with author.
553. (428) Sharon Cohen, Associated Press, 4/26/95.
554. (429) Ruby Foos, interview with author; Davies, Op Cit., 4/21/95.
555. (430) Jim Polk, CNN, 4/20/95; Sharon Cohen, Associated Press, 4/21/95.
556. (431) William Jasper, "The Trial of John Doe No. 2," The New American, 5/13/96.
557. (432) J.D. Cash, "Lose Your Illusion," Media Bypass, February, 1996.
558. (433) Margaret Hohmann and Ann Domin, interviews with author.
559. (434) Debra Burdick, interview with author.
560. (435) Jayna Davis, KFOR, shadow interview with Kay H., 6/17/95.
561. (436) David Snider, interview with author.
562. (437) OKPD Dispatch of 4/19/95.
563. (438) David Hall, interview with author.
564. (*) A source in the Sheriff's Office interviewed by Jayna Davis said the FBI refused to explain why it had cancelled the APB. David Hall said the APB was canceled by an FBI agent named Webster. Yet according to OCPD officer Don Browning, the FBI later "admitted" to "fabricating" the APB.
565. (**) Both Ernie Cranfield and neighbors saw the brown pick-up at Sahara Properties.
566. (439) Ernie Cranfield, interview with author.
567. (*) Heather Khalid also told Cranfield in a secretly-taped interview that she had not been able to find any time record on Hussaini for April 19, so she made one up and gave it to Dave Balut, a reporter for KWTV. Khalid employee Terry Holliday, told a reporter at KOCO-TV that Hussaini had been painting the house at NW 31st Street on April 19, then later told Cranfield that Hussaini had not actually been there on the 19th. Heather claimed that she had taken some supplies to Hussaini that morning, but Holliday claimed she had never been there. Khalid worker Barnaby Machuca also repeatedly changed his story regarding Hussaini's whereabouts.
568. (*) Numerous FBI and law enforcement sources Davis contacted agreed that Hussaini resembled the sketch of John Doe 2, and believed there was a Middle Eastern connection to the bombing, possibly connected to the World Trade Center bombing. (KFOR's Response to Plaintiff's Interrogatories, Hussaini vs. KFOR).
569. (440) OCPD D.U.I. report, copy in author's possession.
570. (* FBI spokesman Steve Mullins wouldn't confirm or deny whether Hussaini was a suspect; FBI agent James Strickland, who would later investigate Khalid's alleged shooting of his secretary, Sharon Twilley, also declined to comment on whether Hussaini was a suspect.
571. (441) George Lang, "Out on a Limb," date unknown.
572. (442) Dave Balut reporting, KWTV, 10:00 p.m. newscast, 6/16/95.
573. (443) Sam Khalid, interview with author.
574. (*) William Northrop is an ex-Isreali intelligence officer who was indicted by former U.S. Attorney Rudolph Gulianni, and testified against Israel's role in Iran-Contra. A friend of the late CIA Director William Casey, Northrop's name was reportedly found in Casey's diary upon his death.
575. (*( Khalid, speaking on behalf of Hussaini, claimed his INS records were "stolen."
576. (*) Yousef arrived in New York on September 1, 1992. Many New York law enforcement officials reportedly believe that Iraq was involved [in the Trade Center bombing], although they can not prove it. (Laurie Mylroie, "World Trade Center Bombing The Case of Secret Cyanide," The Wall Street Journal, July 26, 1994, p. A16.), quoted in James Phillips, The Changing Face of Middle Eastern Terrorism," The Heritage Foundation, Backgrounder, #1005, 10/6/94.
577. (444) Mylroie, Op Cit. Yousef, who grew up in Kuwait, was also identified by Kuwaiti Interior Minister Sheik Ali al Sabah al Salim as an Iraqi collaborator during Iraq's 1990 invasion of Kuwait. (Charles Wallace, "Weaving a Wide Web of Terror," Los Angeles Times, 5/28/95.)
578. (*) Hussain al-Hussaini moved to Houston after going public and suing KFOR.
579. (445) Louis Champon, interview with author. According to Champon, who is suing the federal government, Peter Kawaja, who was head of security for Champon's plant, hired Wackenhut. Kawaja was later given immunity to act as an informant. Said Robert Bickel, a Customs informant and investigator familiar with the case: "Hell, Barbouti was treated more like a damn state bird than a terrorist."
580. (*) Louis Champon said he saw Barbouti meet with Secord at the Fountain Blue Hotel in Miami in 1988.
581. (446) Mike Johnston, interview with author. John Conally, "Inside the Shadow CIA," Spy magazine, September, 1992; Said Louis Champon, "They are so well-protected by an entity in our own government, that they have put up a wall. "
582. (*) Yet according to Champon's former head of security Peter Kawaja, and Iraqgate investigator Robert Bickel, Champon himself isn't so innocent. "Champon had to know about the cyanide leaving the plant," said Bickel. "He was there every day, while the plant was being built and operated." Nevertheless, Champon went public, and was threatened and shut down by U.S. Customs and the I.R.S.
583. (447) TK-7 is a chemical company in Oklahoma City owned by Moshe Tal, an Israeli. Barbouti had attempted to purchase a formula from them that could extend the range of rocket fuel for the Iraqi SCUD missiles.
584. (*) While Ishan Barbouti allegedly "died" of heart failure in London in July of 1990, he was reportedly seen afterwards alive and well flying between Aman, Jordan and Tripoli, Libya. Other accounts indicate that he is living safe and well in Florida.
585. (448) Clark, Op Cit,
586. (449) Ibid., pp. 70-72, Quoted in William Blum, Killing Hope: U.S. Military and CIA Interventions Since World War II (Common Courage Press, 1996), p. 335; "The Gulf War and its Aftermath," The 1992 Information Please Almanac (Boston, 1992), p. 974, Quoted in Blum, p. 335.
587. (450) Laurie Garrett (medical writer for Newsday), "The Dead," Columbia Journalism Review, May/June, 1991, p. 32, quoted in Blum, p. 335.
588. (451) Needless Deaths Op. Cit., p. 135, quoted in Blum, p.335.
589. (452) Ibid., pp. 201-24; Clark, pp. 72-4; Los Angeles Times, 1/31/91; 2/3/91, quoted in Blum, p. 336.
590. (453) Bill Moyers, PBS Special Report: After the War, Spring, 1991, quoted in Clark, p. 53.
591. (454) "Biography: McVeigh, Part Two, Media Bypass, March, 1995.
592. (*) World Trade Center bomber Mahmud Abouhalima told Egyptian intelligence that the World Trade Center bombing had been approved by Iranian intelligence.
593. (455) Yossef Bodansky, Terror: The Inside Story of the Terrorist Conspiracy in America (New York, NY: SPI Books, 1994), quoted in Keith, Op Cit., p. 154.
594. (456) Ibid., p. 153.
595. (457) Indeed, a major terrorism summit sponsored by Tehran in June of 1996 saw delegates from Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and other Mid-East and African states, as well as Bosnia-Herzegovina, Germany, France, Britain, Canada, and the U.S. come together to form a joint working committee under the command of the new HizbAllah International transforming that group into "the vanguard of the revolution" of the Muslim world.
596. (458) Defense & Foreign Affairs, Op Cit.
597. (459) Ibid.
598. (460) Ronald W. Lewis, "Uncivil Air War" (The Shootdown of TWA Flight 800)," Air Forces Monthly, No. 104, November 1996, posted by S.A.F.A.N. Internet Newsletter, No. 213, December 21, 1996.
599. (461) Dr. Laurie Mylroie, Ph.D., "Terrorism in Our Face," American Spectator, April, 1997.
600. (*) This will be explored more fully in Volume Two.
601. (462) Phillips, Op Cit. It is reported that hundreds of them are also being trained by Iranian Revolutionary Guards in Sudanese training camps.
602. (463) See Edward Gargan, "Where Arab Militants Train and Wait," New York Times, 8/ 11/93; Tim Weiner, "Blowback From the Afghan Battlefield," New York Times Magazine, 3/13/94; Daniel Klaidman and Gregory L. Vistica, "In Search of a Killer," Newsweek, 8/11/97.
603. (464) "The New Era of Global Terrorism," MSA News, date unknown, posted on Internet. The leaders of Abu Sayyaf are: Abdurajak Abubakr Janjalani, Amilhussin Jumaani, Edwin Angeles, Asmad Abdul.
604. (465) "U.S. Forces in Gulf on High Security Alert," Reuter, 4/7/97.
605. (466) Patrick Cockburn, "Defector exposes Saddam's Lies on Chemical Weapons," The Independent, 5/7/96. "General Sammara'i says that the committee in charge of sabotage on which he served, and which uses a special 600-strong military unit called 888 to carry out operations, still exists and he suspects it was involved in giving support to the bombers.
606. (*) Abdul Rahman Yassin, an Iraqi indicted for his part in the World Trade Center bombing fled to Baghdad. His brother, Musab Yasin, provided a safehouse for the later plots. While the New York office of the FBI wanted to arrest him, curiously, the Washington office objected. Another Iraqi with a Ph.D. in microbiology, currently living in New Jersey, is Walied Samarrai.
607. (467) Charles Wallace, "Weaving a Wide Web of Terror," Los Angeles Times, 5/28/95; Robert D. McFadden, "Nine Suspected of Terrorism are Arrested in Manila," New York Times, 12/30/96.
608. (*) The nine suspects are: Yousef's brother, Adel Anonn (alias Adel Bani); Abdul Kareem Jassim Bidawi; Haleem Jassim Bidawi; Jamaal Jaloud; Ibrahim Abid; and Najim Nasser (Iraqis); Emad Almubarak (Sudanese); Saleh Al Quuwaye, and Zaid Al Amer (Saudis).
609. (**) Angeles told Jones that there are links to Philippine mail-order-bride businesses and criminal/terrorist activity. It was not clear from Jones' brief exactly what this entailed.
610. (468) Ibid., p.3.
611. (469) Lana Padilla, interview with author.
612. (**) Referring to the place in Davao, Angeles said, "It was also the place where Muslims were taught in bomb making."
613. (470) Lou Kilzer and Kevin Floyd, "McVeigh Team Tries Again for Delay," Rocky Mountain News, 3/26/97; Timothy McVeigh's Petition for Writ of Mandamus, 3/25/97.
614. (471) Lana Padilla, interview with author.
615. (472) "Petition For Writ of Mandamus of Petitioner-Defendant, Timothy James McVeigh and Brief in Support", Case No. 96-CR-68-M, 3/25/97.
616. (*) A source close to Jones said that attorney Jim Hankins actually prepared the Writ.
617. (*) Northrop claims that when he tried to run the information down in Kingman he came up empty. His source in the U.S. Marshals Service, who was looking into the matter, received a call from the Justice Department, and was promptly stonewalled, he said.
618. (*) Casinos have been used to launder money. A drug dealer or other criminal enters the casino with dirty money, buys large quantities of chips, gambles a bit, then cashes in the chips for clean money. Russbacher told Stich that the process also works in reverse. He explained in one case how the CIA, through Shamrock Overseas Disbursement Corporation, gave money to the casino, who in turn would give gambling chips to the recipients when they arrived, then the chips were cashed in. Russbacher named three Las Vegas casinos allegedly involved in the operation, including the Frontier, Stardust, and Binyon's Horseshoe.
619. ( Considering the reports from dancers at two stripper bars one in Tulsa and one in Junction City McVeigh and Nichols had a penchant for these types of places.
620. (473) As interrogatory answers filed by KFOR in its defense against al-Hussaini state: [Lana] Padilla said that her son, Josh, went to Las Vegas about once a month, where he was with Tim McVeigh, Terry Nichols, and Middle-Eastern men. Padilla expressed the opinion that there was a Middle-Eastern connection to the Oklahoma City bombing.
621. (474) "Omar Khalif was one of the aliases listed on Khalid's 1990 federal indictment.
622. (475) Melissa Klinzing, former KFOR news director, interview with author.
623. (**) After Davis questioned several employees at the MGM, two were fired.
624. (476) Louis Crousette and Jayna Davis, transcript in author's possession.
625. (477) Gordon Novel, interview with author.
626. (*) Gagan recognized Abraham Ahmed being with Khalid. Gagan said he saw Ahmed (by another name) in Las Vegas with Omar-Khalid in the Summer or Fall of 1994. He said he also saw Hussain al-Hussaini in Oklahoma City when he was here in April.
627. (**) Al Saiidi, incidentally, was the man who's wife who had a miscarriage after stones were thrown through his window. When Al Saiidi went before news cameras to complain about the incident, Khalid fired him.
628. (478) Ernie Cranfield, interview with author.
629. (*) The State Tax Commission also wanted Cranfield to testify against Khalid. Instead, Khalid paid a fine. "That covered up for his ex-wife getting killed," said Cranfield.
630. ( At the same time, interestingly, two Middle Eastern residents of the Woodscape apartments skipped out without paying their rent. It should also be noted that two heavy-set Arabs work for Sam Khalid.
631. (479) Keith, Op Cit, p. 148.
632. (480) Joe Royer, interview with author. The FBI agent who interviewed the couple told them that one VIN number was left intact, and fingerprints were found.
633. (481) Rex Carmichael, interview with author.
634. (*) Was the brown pick-up painted at Route 66, or elsewhere? According to information obtained by Will Northrop, Haider al-Saiidi was hired by Ali Khoddami at International Auto works, a body shop located at 16th and Blackwielder, after he was fired by Khalid. An Iranian, Khoddami is reportedly a friend of Khalid's. Sharbat Khan, a Pakistani and Rizwan A. Shaikh were reportedly going to buy International Auto Works from Khoddami.
635. (482) Tom's is run by Tom Breske, who Carmichael described as "bad news."
636. (483) Confidential interview with author.
637. (484) Michael Reed, interview with author.
638. (**) Don Browning, interview with author. Kamal had been working with the FBI to track Khalid and others who were involved in insurance fraud scams. Although he definitely knew Khalid, he disputed that he said "This is the Mossad" to Browning. Browning swears he did. Yet Jayna Davis said Browning told her that Kamal said that Khalid was a member of "Hamas," a far cry from the Mossad, the Israeli intelligence agency. Another possible explanation is that there were Mossad agents posing as members of Hamas, but it seems unlikely that Kamal would know that.
639. (485) Bob Jerlow, interview with author.
640. (486) OCPD detective, confidential interview with author.
641. (*) When Jerlow asked an FBI source if KFOR was on the right track, he was told "Keep doing what you're doing." Curiously, an OCPD contact of Davis' was told by his FBI source, "stay away."
642. (*) Macy and State Attorney General Drew Edmondson had also pushed certain aspects of the Anti-Terrorism Bill, using the bombing as a platform.
643. (**) This is doubly interesting, since Richardson was the U.S. Attorney who prosecuted Khalid for insurance fraud in 1990. Richardson "committed suicide" in July of 1997 over "work-related" matters.
644. (*) While Khalid's attorney claimed that only $15,000 dollars or so was involved in the scams, the U.S. Attorney's report is more incriminating. Khalid was also accused during his arson case of employing false Social Security numbers. One of them is registered to a woman in Oklahoma City; the other to a woman in Miami.
645. (**) One of the agents, James Strickland, would later be assigned to the Twilley assault case.
646. ( He later told investigative journalist William Jasper he emigrated from Libya.
647. (487) U.S. vs. Sam Khalid, Response to Presentence Report; Sam Khalid, interview with author.
648. (*) According to a local HUD representative I checked with, Khalid paid cash for most of his properties, avoiding the scrupulous background checks and the typical paper trail which accompanies them. Additionally, none of Khalid's three companies, which employ numerous employees, are registered with the State or have Federal Tax I.D. numbers.
649. (*) Emphasis in original.
650. (488) FBI spokesman Charles Steinmetz said the information he gave Burnes came from former FBI Deputy Assistant Director Bob Ricks.
651. (489) Karen Burnes, "Palestinians: Dirty Business," CBS West 57 Street News magazine, 5/2/89, Citd in Howard Rosenberg, "'Palestinian Network': A Full Report?, Los Angeles Times, 6/1/89.
652. (*) "Before the bombing, we couldn't get the U.S. Attorney's office interested," said private investigator Ben Jacobson. "After the bombing, they just wanted us to keep our mouths shut."
653. (490) Northrop, Op Cit.
654. (491) In federal court filings, WISE was described as "a front used to bring international terrorists to the United States."
655. (*) It seems the reference to "Iranians" as used by this CID officer is a generic term meant to refer to Middle-Easterners in general, although some Iranians were definitely involved.
656. (**) According to Mike Johnston, the head of security for 777 Post Oak Corporation (a high-rise office complex in Houston affiliated with IBI, Ishan Barbouti's company) had a son in the U.S. military intelligence. The father, who was later wanted for impersonating a CIA agent, would call his son at the Major Command Assignments Center at Bolling Air Force in Washington, D.C. around August 1990, just prior to the Iraq's invasion of Kuwait. Some of the calls apparently involved the use of a modem to tap into the command center's computers.
657. (492) Retired U.S. Army CID investigator, Interview with author.
658. (493) General Robert L. Moore (Ret.), interview with author.
659. (*) Tom Weisman was the FBI SAC of the Huntsville office.
660. (**) This detective also said that the chief of the FBI's counterintelligence division masqueraded as a police officer and traveled to Florida to collect data on the their investigation.
661. ( Brazelton didn't return calls.
662. (*) Had it actually come from Mexican drug king-pin Juan Garcia Abrego, who is linked to the Cali Cartel, and had reportedly sent two bag-men up to Oklahoma City to finance the bombing?
663. (**) Kingman has also been called the "Golden Triangle" of Speed (Methamphetamine), and McVeigh had known Clark Volmer, a paraplegic drug dealer and loan shark in town. On October 19, six months to the day of the bombing, Gagan was directed by a man he describes as "Hizbollah" to take a bus from Las Vegas to Kingman, to deliver a large bag of money estimated to be between $200,000 and $300,000 to an individual who was "militia looking in appearance."
664. ( McPeak hired McVeigh in 1993 to do security work at a local shelter. When his girlfriend was arrested in Las Vegas on a bad credit charge, Clark Vollmer, a paraplegic drug dealer in Kingman, helped bail her out. In February of '95, McPeak claims, Vollmer asked him to ferry some drugs. He refused. Shortly thereafter, an ANFO bomb exploded under a chair outside McPeak's home. When he went to Vollmer's house to confront him, he found Timothy McVeigh, along with another man he didn't recognize.
665. (494) "FBI Finds Possible Evidence in OKC Bombing, CNN, 7/20/95.
666. (495) Hugh Dellios, "Federal Marshals Arrest Chemist," Chicago Tribune, 5/13/95; Mark Schaffer, "Probe Nets 2nd Man in Oatman," Arizona Republic, 5/14/95, quoted in Keith, p. 52; Katherine Mauro, Oatman Mining Co., interview with author; Records of the Federal Bureau of Prisons.
667. (496) Diane Sawyer, "Prime Time Live," 4/25/95.
668. (497) Mike Johnston, "Investigative Fact Finding Trip to Germany," 1995, copy in author's possession; Jonathan Vankin, Conspiracies, Cover-Ups & Crimes: From Dallas to Waco, (Lilburn, GA: Illuminit Press, 1996), p. 211.
669. (*) Skorzeny was at the nexus of the surviving elements of the Nazi movement, and helped organize its tentacles after WWII.
670. (498) Johnston, Op. Cit.; Vankin, Op Cit., p. 226; Martin A. Lee and Kevin Coogan, "Killers on the Right: Inside Europe's Fascist Underground," Mother Jones, May, 1987.
671. (499) Der Speigel writer Martin Killian, interview with author. Libya also reportedly funded the Irish Republican Army.
672. (500) Johnston, Op. Cit.
673. (501) Mike Levine, interview with author.
674. (502) Tom Jarriel, ABC 20/20, January 19, 1996.
675. (503) Jeffrey A. Builta, "Extremist Groups," Office of International Criminal Justice, Chicago, date unknown. The connection is reportedly through Pakistani Brigadier General Imtiaz.
676. (504) Terrorist Group Profiles, Dudley Knox Library, Naval Postgraduate School, date unknown.
677. (505) Builta, Op Cit.
678. (*) The Bureau of Prisons had "no record" of Edward Flinton, eventhough he served time in federal prison. Usually this means the individual is under the "witness protection program."
679. (506) Kevin Flynn, "Romer, Norton Get Bomb Threats: CBI Informant's Reliability in Question; He Also Warned of Federal Building Blast," Rocky Mountain News, 08/12/95. Gagan said he met with Al Fuqra members on different occasions between October, 1995 and February 1996.
680. (507) Judge Lewis Babcock and John Strader, interview with author. Gagan said he met with U.S. Marshal Jake Warner at Brooklyns restaurant on October 27, 1995. "In all the years that I've known [Gagan], he's never met with a pair of people in suits," said the manager in an interview with the author.
681. (*) Gagan said he saw Daniel with Omar and Ahmed in Mexico. On November 27, Gagan says he was instructed by his "Hizbollah" contact to rent a room at the La Vista Motel in Denver in preparation for another meeting. Gagan said his attempts to have the FBI stake out the room were ignored. The informant claims he learned of plans to bomb simultaneous targets in Phoenix and Denver on or about February 8, 1996 the specific targets being the ATF office in the Mile High Center at 1700 Broadway in Denver, and the DEA/Customs office at 115 Inverness Drive in Englewood, Colorado.
682. (508) Hampton's alias was Abd al-Rashid Abdallah, and Gant's was Abd Rashid.
683. (*) A voice stress analysis run on the caller indicated he was telling the truth.
684. (*) This claim was allegedly based on DNA tests and footprint matches.
685. (509) Jim Killackey, "Leg Confirmed as 169th Victim's," Daily Oklahoman, date unknown; "Leg Lost in Blast Still a Mystery," Dallas Morning News, 10/19/95; "Oklahoma Bomb Victim Exhumed," 3/15/96, Associated Press; Gary Tuchman, "Does severed leg prove McVeigh's innocence?," CNN, 8/7/95.
686. (510) William Jasper, interview with author. Mahon stated this to Jasper on October 1, 1996,
687. (511) "Rise of HizbAllah International," Defense & Foreign Affairs, 8/31/96.
688. (512) FBI 302 statement of Mohammad Abdul Haggag, quoted in Mylroie, Op Cit.
689. (513) Timothy McVeigh's Writ of Mandamus, 3/25/96, copy in author's possession, also quoted in William Jasper, " Defense Cits Mideast Connection," The New American, 5/12/97.
690. (514) Phillips, Op Cite.
691. (515) She said that her father had also met Yasser Afafat, and had his photograph on his wall.
692. (*) Michele also said she overheard her father talk about approaching neo-Nazis through the National Socialist Party. Did Hirram Torres try to contact National Socialist leader Gary Lauck? Apparently, Strassmeir was on to Lauck, as he was arrested on his way to Denmark. Strassmeir had learned about Lauck's travel plans from WAR leader Dennis Mahon, a friend of Brescia and Strassmeir, who, as mentioned previously, was being paid by the Iraqis.
693. (516) Keith, Op Cit., p. 151.
694. (**) We ran Torres' tapes through a voice stress analyzer. They indicated she was being truthful.
695. (517) There were no purges in the Communist intelligence services in the former Soviet Union [FSU]. Documents and records, as General Sejna points out, were transferred from Eastern Europe to Moscow. Those who ran the KGB still run the SVR, and a dozen other services in Russia and the FSU.
696. (518) Michael Hedges, "Senate Resolution Asks Clinton to Block Resettlement of Iraqis," Washington Times, 9/14/93; "Iraq: Admission of Refugees into the United States," Congressional Research Service Report for Congress, Library of Congress, 10/28/93; Letter from Senator David Boren to Craig Roberts, 3/14/94, copy in author's possession; Denmark, Norway, Sweden, the U.K., Australia, Pakistan, and Syria absorbed the remaining refugees.
697. (*) The Federal Government allocated $6,000 per refugee for resettlement purposes, at the same time that veterans who suffered from Gulf War illness were being ignored by the Veterans Administration.
698. (519) Ibid.
699. (*) On December 4, 1981, President Reagan issued an Executive Order permitting the CIA to conduct covert operations inside this country. Not that they didn't already.
700. (*) Like Andreas Strassmeir, Hussaini was unable to come up with his INS records. Khalid claimed they were stolen by KFOR, a claim that Jayna Davis just laughed at.
701. (*) The government's refusal to admit the terrorist missile shoot-down of TWA flight 800 may very well have as its basis the need to maintain the ability of the crucial airline industry to continue functioning.
702. (*) As Washington insider journalist Sara McClendon told me, "Bush has a hold on the Clinton administration, and I don't know what it is. George Bush starts these things he's pushing Mena, Arkansas off on Clinton. Most of the people don't know that Bush is manipulating the administration."
703. (520) McVeigh was indicted on 11 counts: conspiracy to use a bomb to destroy the Federal Building, detonating the bomb, destroying a federal building, and murdering eight federal law enforcement agents.
704. (521) Brandon M. Stickney, All American Monster: The Unauthorized Biography of Timothy McVeigh (New York, NY: Prometheus Books, 1996), p. 177; "Richard Serrano, "Clues Sought in Details from McVeigh's Arrest," Los Angeles Times, 9/10/95, quoted in Armstrong, Op Cit. p. 118.
705. (*) McVeigh was taken over to Hanger's patrol car, where he heard radio broadcasts about the bombing, and casually chit-chated with Officer Hanger. ( When he arrived at the jailhouse, he simply asked, "when's chow"?
706. (522 Col. David Hackworth and Peter Anninn, j"And We're Going to Go to Trial," Newsweek, 7/3/95.
707. (523) Richard A. Serrano, "Clues Sought in Details from McVeigh's Arrest," 9/10/95, quoted in Ibid.
708. (524) Application and Affidavit FBI Special Agent Henry C. Gibbons.
709. (525) Elizabeth Gleick, "Who Are They?" Time, 5/1/95.
710. (526) New York Times, 4/22/95.
711. (*) For that matter, why would he rent an easily traceable truck, apply for jobs at the Federal Building using his real name, allow himself to be filmed by numerous security cameras, stop to ask directions minutes before the bombing, hang around two blocks from the crime scene minutes after the blast, speed away without a license plate, and fail to shoot the cop who stopped him?
712. (527) United States v. Timothy James McVeigh, direct testimony of FBI Agent James Elliott, 4/28/97. The complete confidential vehicle identification number was 1FDNF72J4PVA26077.
713. (*) The author saw a close-up videotape of the axle taken by Deputy Sheriff Melvin Sumter, which clearly shows the serial number on the differential housing, which is part of the rear axle assembly. It was not, as some amateur researchers claimed, on the axle itself.
714. (528) FBI FD-383 (FBI Facial Identification Fact Sheet) of Tom Kessinger, dated 4/20/95, copy in author's possession. Tim Kelsey, "The Oklahoma Suspect Awaits Day of Reckoning," London Sunday Times, 4/21/96.
715. (529) Cash, Op Cit.
716. (530) Edward Zehr, "The McVeigh Trial Gets Underway: Mainstream Media Miss The Real Story," Washington Weekly, 5/5/97.
717. (*) Elliott stated in his FBI 302 that a second man accompanied "Kling" on April 17, and thought he saw "fair size" light blue sedan.
718. (*) In fact, Elliott testified that he met with the prosecution for two hours, several days prior to the his appearance at trial.
719. (531) Affidavit of Richard Renya, July 5, 1995
720. (532) Newsweek reporter, confidential interview with author.
721. (*) An anonymous informant who contacted State Representative Charles Key several times stated, " the ATF regularly uses leased Ryder trucks to move ordinance. And you know it's against ICC regulation and everything but he said they secretly do it." Investigator Craig Roberts said the Army also has "open contracts" with Ryder.
722. (533) "Phone Records Link Suspects Before Blast," Daily Oklahoman, 5/3/96.
723. (534) Testimony of OPUS Telecom expert John Kane, U.S. v. McVeigh.
724. (535) Kevin Flynn, "Computer Records Show Calls Made But Aren't Clear Who Made Them," Rocky Mountain News, date unknown. "Prosecutors have pressured OPUS representatives not to discuss this issue with the News, even asking them not to verify how their computer systems work, the employees said."
725. (536) Steve Wilmsen, "Records Point to John Doe 2," Denver Post, date unknown; Steven K. Paulson, Associated Press, 2/15/97. In a later ruling, Judge Matsch stated that Manning denied prosecutors did anything wrong to elicit his testimony.
726. (537) J.D. Cash, interview with James Sargeant, Media Bypass, July, 1996.
727. (538) Barbara Whittenberg, interview with author.
728. (*) Interestingly, McGown did not state on his FBI 302 who was driving the truck on April 16, when his mother had asked him to request that the driver move it.
729. (539) Investigation on 5/7/95 at Junction City, Kansas File # 174A-OC-56120-D-815 by SA Mark M. Bouton -WSA, date dictated 5/8/95.
730. (540) Robert Vito, "Oklahoma Bombing Investigators Hit Troublesome Snags," CNN, 11/24/95.
731. (541) Newsweek reporter, confidential interview with author.
732. (542) Hoppy Heidelberg, Interview with author.
733. (543) Joseph Vinduska and Dennis Euwer are two witnesses who saw the truck at the lake on the 18th.
734. (544) Steve Wilmsen and Mark Eddy, "Who bombed the Murrah Building?" Denver Post, date unknown.
735. (545) Jack Douglas Jr. "Bomb link to lake reportedly scrapped, Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 3/25/97.
736. (546) Evan Thomas, "This Doesn't Happen Here," Newsweek, 5/1/95; U.S. v. McVeigh.
737. (547) U.S. v. James Douglas Nichols and Terry Nichols, Criminal Complaint, statements of FBI Special Agent Patrick Wease.
738. (548) "Some Witnesses Leery Of Bombing Grand Jury," Daily Oklahoman, 8/10/97; Gary Antene, interview with author.
739. (549) U.S. v. McVeigh, testimony of Richard Chambers.
740. (550) "FBI Investigates Possible McVeigh Link to Fuel Buy," Rocky Mountain News, 4/11/97.
741. (*) However, the indictment named Libyan Abdel Basset Ali al-Megrahi as the customer. Authorities' second witness, Abdu Maged Jiacha, a Libyan intelligence officer who defected to the U.S., was put into the Federal Witness Protection Program and given a $4 million dollar reward for his testimony against Megrahi.
742. (551) Ed Hueske, interview with author.
743. (552) Frank Shiller and Max Courtney, interviews with author.
744. (553) Lou Kilzer and Kevin Flynn, "Were Feds Warned Before OKC Bomb Built?" Rocky Mountain News, 2/6/97.
745. (554) Testimony of Kevin Nicholas, U.S. v. McVeigh.
746. (555) Padilla and Delpit, Op Cit., p. 209; David Johnson, "Agents in Kansas Hunt for Bomb Factory as Sense of Frustration Begins to Build," New York Times, 4/30/95, quoted in Keith, p. 37.
747. (556) James. D. Nichols, Freedom's End: Conspiracy in Oklahoma, self published, 1997, p. 164.
748. (557) "McVeigh's Fingerprints Not on Key Items," CNN, 5/15/97.
749. (*) As the Associated Press recently reported, police in upstate New York had been falsifying evidence, including fingerprints, for years.
750. (558) Jim Garrison, On The Trial of the Assassins (New York, NY: Warner Books, 1988), p. 113.
751. (559) Whitehurst contended the problems in the FBI's lab had been occurring since at least 1989.
752. (560) David Johnston and Andrew C. Revkin, "Report Finds FBI Lab Slipping From Pinnacle of Crime Fighting," New York Times, 1/29/97.
753. (561) "Report: FBI Lab Botched Oklahoma Bombing Evidence," CNN, 3/22/97.
754. (*) As Whitehurst stated: " Mr. Thurman, in my estimation does intentionally misrepresent evidence and is, absolutely, without a doubt, beyond any possible other explanation's grasp, result oriented. He wants the answer that will prove guilt. "
755. (**) Whitehurst testified that he was told not to provide any information or evidence, such as alternate theories to the urea-nitrate theory, that could be used by the defense to challenge the prosecutors' hypothesis of guilt in the World Trade Center case. (Ryan Ross, "Blasting the FBI," Digital City Denver, 1997)
756. (562) John Kelly, "FBI: McVeigh Contradictions," Unclassified, date unknown; Memorandum to All U.S. Attorneys from John Keeney, Acting Assistant Attorney General, 1/4/96, copy in author's possession; "Outside Experts to Review FBI Crime Lab," Wall Street Journal, 9/19/95; "Team to Investigate FBI Chemist's Bias Claims," Associated Press, date unknown; Pierre Thomas, "FBI Lab Audit Finds Some Discrepancies," Washington Post, 9/15/95.
757. (**) "Mr. Williams rewrote my reports in an unauthorized rewriting, issued these reports, unauthorized, changes being in them, and changed the meaning of the reports I think, without realizing it," Whitehurst later testified.
758. (563) Memorandum to Scientific Analysis Chief James Kearny, copy in author's possession, date unknown.
759. (564) Garrison, Op Cit., P. 116.
760. (565) "FBI Furor,"Unclassified, Summer, 1997.
761. (566) Ryan Ross, "Blasting the FBI," Digital City Denver, 1997.
762. (567) Nolan Clay, "McVeigh Items Seized From Home, Brief Says," Daily Oklahoman, 6/11/96; U.S. v. McVeigh, testimony of Special Agent Steven Burmeister.
763. (568) Karen Abbott, "Defense Says FBI Tainted Residue: Evidence Questioned; British Expert Testifies; The Tables Turn Today, Rocky Mountain News, 5/21/97. Burmeister said he photographed the crystals before they disappeared.
764. (569) Deputy Sheriff Clint Boehler, interview with author.
765. (570) Ryan Ross, Digital City Denver, 1997. Reno would later comment, "It is unfair, it is unreasonable, it is a lie to spread the poison that the government was responsible at Waco for the murder of innocents. That kind of language is unacceptable in a society that values truth."
766. (571) U.S. v. McVeigh.
767. (*) McVeigh selected Oklahoma City for the fact that the agents and the orders that came out of that building were responsible for the tragedy at Waco, Fortier alleged at trial.
768. (572) The gun a Ruger Mini-30 rifle, Serial No. 18957425 was actually purchased by Terry Nichols on November 10, 1993, from Randy's Hunting and Sport in Bad Axe, Michigan.
769. (573) Hoppy Heidelberg, interview with author.
770. (574) Copy of letter in author's possession.
771. (575) David Maranise, Pierre Thomas, "Officials See Conspiracy of at Least Four in Blast; Probe Focuses on Suspect's Right-Wing Ties, Washington Post, 4/23/95.
772. (576) Ibid.
773. (577) Dallas Morning News, 6/15/95.
774. (578) Peter Carlson, Washington Post, 3/23/97.
775. (*) Hartzler's letter, Jones said in his brief, "indicates that the Justice Department is still searching for John Doe No. 2 and may be releasing disinformation to lessen public pressure to find [him]."
776. (579) Nolan Clay and John Parker, "John Doe 2 Still Sought, Letter: Says Prosecutors Doubt Witnesses Mistaken," The Daily Oklahoman, date unknown.
777. (580) William Jasper, New American, date unknown.
778. (581) Nolan Clay and Penny Owen, "'Wacky Theories' Unfair, McVeigh Attorney Says," Daily Oklahoman,10/29/96. "We have an obligation to investigate everything," Hartzler told a group of bombing victims. "And if we find some rumor or whatever it is, it makes it into an FBI report."
779. (582) John Gibson, interview with Charles Key and V.Z. Lawton, MSNBC, 4/25/97; V.Z. Lawton, interviews with author.
780. (583) New York Times, 12/3/95.
781. (*) The federal prosecutors' lame excuse for confining the evidence to McVeigh and Nichols was to maintain a "deadline" set by federal guidelines on providing speedy trials.
782. (584) Harry Wallace, CBS This Morning, 10/16/95.
783. (585) Jon Rappaport is the author of The Oklahoma Bombing: The Suppressed Truth (Santa Monica: Blue Press, 1995).
784. (586) Hoppy Heidelberg, interview with author.
785. (587) J.D. Cash, "New Investigation Into Oklahoma City Bombing Demanded," Jubilee, Nov/Dec, 1995. In the Whitewater affair, a special federal judge panel, by statute, appointed an Independent Counsel, Kenneth Starr, supposed to be separate and apart from the Justice Department. Under the law, this was supposed to assure the public that there would be an "independent" investigation of possible high-level criminality, not a white-wash. Miguel Rodriguez was reportedly blocked by Starr and others from probing and calling independent witnesses, not necessarily FBI nor forensic experts beholden to a political agenda. All this, in respect to suspicions that White House deputy counsel Vincent Foster, jr. was not really a suicide but murdered. "Whitewater And The 'Runaway' Federal Grand Jury", Sherman H. Skolnick. Conspiracy Nation, Vol. 5, No. 30.
786. (*) It seemed that the John Doe 2 lead was officially dropped in early May. An FBI memo regarding a John Doe 2 lead instructs all FBI offices: "In view of the fact that the Oklahoma Command Post has directed all offices to hold unsub #2 leads in abeyance, San Francisco will conduct no further investigation regarding this lead." (174A-OC-56120 TPR:tpr, investigation was conducted by Special Agent (SA) Thomas P. Ravenelle regarding Richard Dehart, DOB 6/21/65, as a Phoenix resident and a possible look- alike for unsub #2, dated 5/3/95.)
787. (588) Reddy and Wilmsen, Op Cit.
788. (589) Dr. Paul Heath, interview with author.
789. (590) Sharon Cohen, Associated Press, 4/27/95, quoted in Armstrong, Op Cit, p. 27.
790. (*) It should be noted that McVeigh was supposedly on the road on April 12, traveling from Kingman to Junction City.
791. (591) Barbara Whittenberg, interview with author.
792. (592) Jayna Davis, interview with author.
793. (593) Linda Kuhlman and Phyliss Kingsley, interviews with author.
794. (594) Connie Hood, interview by Glenn Wilburn and J.D. Cash; Keith, Op Cit., p. 147.
795. (595) Ibid.
796. (596) Tony Boller, Assistant Project Manager, Goodwill Industries, interview with author.
797. (597) Jerri-Lynn Backhous and Dorinda Hermes , interviews with author.
798. (598) Kevin Flynn, "Guard saw 2nd truck at building: Story Mirrors Bombing Trial Witness' Account of Blast Day," Rocky Mountain News, 5/24/97.
799. (599) Arnold Hamilton, Dallas Morning News, 11/27/95.
800. (600) Brian Ford, "McVeigh Placed at Kansas Store," Tulsa World, 9/12/97.
801. (601) Hamilton, Op Cit.
802. (*) This is the same thing that Brian Marshall, the Johnny's Tire Store employee, said.
803. (*) David Snider, interview with author. Snider appeared to be a credible witness.
804. (602) Mark Eddy, "Witnesses Tell a Different Story," Denver Post, 6/16/96.
805. (603) Rodney Johnson, interview with author.
806. (604) "Some Witnesses Leery Of Bombing Grand Jury," Daily Oklahoman, 8/10/97.
807. (605) Monterey County Herald, 4/29/95, quoted in Armstrong, Op Cit, p. 8.
808. (606) Judy Kuhlman and Diana Baldwin, "Witnesses Say McVeigh Not Alone Testimony Places John Doe 2, Another Man With Bomber," Daily Oklahoman, 9/11/97.
809. (607) "FBI Searching for Third Man in Oklahoma City Bombing," CNN, 3/10/97.
810. (*) "Reference lead #10,220: Referenced lead #10,220, San Francisco was directed to locate and interview LESTER SCANLON concerning his knowledge of STEVEN COLBERN. In view of the fact that COLBERN has been eliminated as a suspect in this matter, San Francisco will conduct no further investigation concerning lead #10,220." (FBI memo dated 5/3/95.)
811. (608) Cash, Media Bypass, February, 1996, Op Cit.
812. (*) As the Legal Times noted: "Within hours of landing, [Deputy A. G. Merrick] Garland was hit by a barrage of legal concerns. In subsequent days, Garland met with Oklahoma County District Attorney Robert Macy, gently notifying him of the Justice Department's desire not to have a local investigation going on simultaneously."
813. (609) Foreign Policy Institute expert, confidential interview with author.
814. (*) The Brady Rule and Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 16(a)(1)(C) provides: "Upon request of the defendant the government shall permit the defendant to inspect and copy and photograph, books, papers, documents, photographs which are within the possession, custody or control of the government, and which are material to the preparation of the defendant's defense. "
815. (610) U.S. v. McVeigh, Timothy McVeigh's Petition for Writ of Mandamus, 3/25/97.
816. (611) Ambrose Evans Pritchard, "Victims Sue in Oklahoma: Fight for Truth," London Sunday Telegraph, 3/23/97.
817. (612) J.D. Cash and Jeff Holladay, "Day of Blast 'an Amazing Coincidence,'" McCurtain Gazette, 12/1/95.
818. (613) Pat Briley, interview with author.
819. (*) Judge Matsch was not impressed with this evidence. He commented during trial that there must be half a million blue GMC pick-ups with camper tops.
820. (614) Ken Armstrong, interview with Oklahoma Highway Patrol, August 30, 1995.
821. (615) Amber McGlaughlin, interview with author.
822. (616) Ken Armstrong, No Amatuer Did This (Aptos, CA: Blackeye Press, 1997).
823. (*) The assertion was that McVeigh was demonstrating how to make a "shaped charge," which would have been impossible to make using 55-gallon barrels of ANFO.
824. (617) Testimony of Deborah Brown, U.S. v. McVeigh. The author has had personal experience with methamphetamine users, and can vouch for the drug's ability to induce psychotic states.
825. (*) In fact, Fortier was very intent during testimony on impressing upon the jury that the guns from the Moore "robbery" were stolen, saying in response to Jones' cross-examination: "No, no! I'm convinced those guns were stolen!" As J.D. Cash observed, Fortier's successful plea-bargain was partly dependent on carrying that fact forward.
826. (618) Hoppy Heidelberg, interview with Jon Rappaport.
827. (*) Even Judge Matsch was forced to tell the jury: "You should bear in mind that a witness who has entered into such an agreement has an interest in this case different from any ordinary witness. A witness who realizes that he may be able to obtain his own freedom or receive a lighter sentence by giving testimony favorable to the prosecution has a motive to testify falsely. Therefore, you must examine his testimony with caution and weigh it with great care."
828. (619) The Fifth Estate, Fall, 1996, Vol. 31, #2.
829. (620) Denver Post, 5/6/97.
830. (621) "Juror's Emotions With Crying Witnesses," The Spotlight, 5/26/97.
831. (622) "Nichols' Wife Says She Didn't Understand FBI Consent Form," CNN, 6/28/96
832. (623) Keith, Op Cit., p. 35.
833. (624) Chris Hansen, "His Brother's Keeper," Dateline, 1995, quoted in Keith, p. 36; Bob Popavitch, interview with author.
834. (*) Most noticeably the Tulsa World, which earned the knick-name, The Tulsa Pravda." The Daily Oklahoman has been called the "Daily Joke-la-homan" by locals.
835. (**) Levine also graciously represented Representative Key and several investigators, including the author, who had set up a charitable trust to investigate the bombing, for free, and brought Chicken soup to the author when he was sick.
836. ( Keating told Gary Harper during one of his weekly citizen chat sessions that Key was sleeping with a judge's wife. Keating also unsuccessfully tried to find a political candidate to run against the popular 5-term Representative. As Portland Free Press publisher Ace Hayes writes, "[Keating] is a pure devotee of Imperial State power and his approach is, 'to hell with free speech, free thought or free association.' He will protect the rich by attacking people no matter what fine words he swears an oath to. "
837. (625) Robby Trammel and Randy Ellis, "Call For Bomb Investigation Debated," Daily Oklahoman, 6/29/95.
838. (626) As we argued when Key first set out on this course, the Legislature and its staff had no business investigating the bombing. It was, and is, poorly equipped to do so. The same can be said of a panel of local citizens who would be asked to investigate one of the most complicated cases ever to come before the courts. Yet as The New American pointed out, state legislatures are regularly tasked on important and sensitive investigations. And the County Grand jury? Is that not "a panel of local citizens," the same as the Federal Grand jury that originally "investigated" the bombing?
839. (**) It is interesting to examine the attitudes of the Tulsa World and Daily Oklahoman in light of their sister papers in Nebraska and Arkansas, two other corruption-ridden states. Former Nebraska State Senator John DeCamp investigated a shocking pattern of financial improprieties, child abuse, and murder in his home state. In his book, The Franklin Cover-Up, DeCamp exhorts the media to honestly report the facts. But, as DeCamp notes, " the World-Herald's long-standing pattern of behavior is just the opposite. If it has an editorial attitude on a story, its news coverage and every other aspect of the newspaper are mustered to accentuate the preferred side of the issue and suppress opposing views. "Why all this effort? Because, tragically, the people who control the World-Herald appear to have a strong vested interest in suppressing the truth. " As The Clinton Chronicles notes with regard to Arkansas: "First, the Clintons have very cleverly manipulated and compromised the press in Arkansas, a small state with only one major newspaper, the Arkansas Democrat-Gazette.... Despite revelations of scandal after scandal regarding the Clintons, the Arkansas press has been in a state of denial, portraying most of the revelations as attacks on the people of Arkansas themselves." [John W. DeCamp, The Franklin Cover-up: Child Abuse, Satanism, and Murder in Nebraska (Lincoln, NE: AWT, Inc., 1996), p.95; Patrick Matrisciana, The Clinton Chronicles, (Hemet, CA: Jeremiah Books, 1994), p. 21.]
840. (627) Nolan Clay and Penny Owen, "'Wacky Theories' Unfair, McVeigh Attorney Says," Daily Oklahoman,10/29/96.
841. (*) Shortly after Key and Wilburn drew up their petition to impanel the grand jury, a bill was introduced in the State Legislature to change the grand jury petitioning process.
842. (628) Mark Sanford, interview with author.
843. (629) Even Palmer admitted that the statutes were limited as to what Judge Owens could do or how he could interpret the law.
844. (*) The County didn't possess the resources and funds, Palmer replied, to pursue such a big case. Besides, she pleaded, the "investigation" was already "complete," being a "thorough investigation" from "several different federal agencies."( Palmer claimed a County Grand Jury would "jeopardize the Federal case." The federal gag order prevents interviewing prospective witnesses, she claimed. Sanford countered that there would be no interference with the federal case as long as they were interviewing witnesses and suspects that federal prosecutors ignored, which seem to be in abundance.
845. (630) Moore, Op Cit., p. 140.
846. (631) District Attorney Bob Macy, interview with author.
847. (632) Rep. Charles Key, interviews with author.
848. (633) Diana Baldwin and Judy Kuhlman, "Court Filings Stop Bombing Testimony of Postal Worker," Daily Oklahoman, 9/9/97.
849. (634) Rita Cosby, FOX News, 4/4/97.
850. (635) Interview with Jayna Davis. Macy's Assistant DAs who handled that case were John Farely and Jane Brown.
851. (636) Daily Oklahoman, 8/14/97.
852. (**) "They're coming up with a substitute for proof," said Denver defense attorney Larry Pozner. "They're softening the jury up with emotional testimony about the bombing and McVeigh's politics. They're saying, 'We'll give you every reason in the world to hate Tim McVeigh.'" (Kevin Flynn, "Softening the Jury," Rocky Mountain News, 5/8/97.)
853. (637) "The CIA & The Media," Rolling Stone, 10/20/77, cited in Mark Zepezauer, The CIA's Greatest Hits, 1994.
854. (638) Mark Sanford, interview with author; William Jasper, "OKC Investigator Under Attack, " New American, 6/23/97.
855. (639) Brian Ford, "Fund-Rasing Probed: Jury Looks into Efforts of Rep. Charles Key," Tulsa World, 5/6/97.
856. (640) Jasper, Op Cit.
857. (*) Just as the letter is a sham masquerading as an honest response from bombing survivors, Drew Edmondson [and Frank Keating] are sub-human pieces of effluvia masquerading as human beings.
858. (*) Nor the rewards of political office and bribes.
859. (641) Ibid.
860. (642) Brian Ford, "McVeigh Placed at Kansas Store,"Tulsa World, 9/12/97.
861. (*) Fortunately, the smear tacticians weren't successful at disuading everyone from the truth. In a CNN/USA TODAY/GALLUP poll conducted in April of 1996, 68 percent of those surveyed said they didn't agree that all of the suspects have been captured.
862. (*) The building was demolished because officials claimed it was an eyesore, an errie reminder of that tragic day. Yet authorities made no effort to remove the charred, twisted, gutted remains of the Athenian Restaurant directly across the street, which to this day still stands as a shocking monument to the brutality of the bombing.
863. (*) According to a 1988 GAO (General Accounting Office) report, the Federal Building was not a "safe" place to install a day care center. Allegedly based on the 1983 plot by white supremacist Richard Wayne Snell (CSA member and friend of Robert Millar) to bomb the facility, the report concluded that a day care center should not be placed inside the Murrah Building. "No federal law enforcement agents who worked in the building, including the BATF, Secret Service, and the DEA, ever had any of their children in the Murrah's day care center ever," said Smith.
864. (*) Smith complained that when she appears on local radio shows, it seems to her that "more people around here now hate me than like me... People that don't want to think that the government would do such a thing."
865. (643) Glenn Wilburn, interview with author.
866. (644) Kathy Wilburn and Edye Smith, interview with author.
867. (645) "Tested by Fire," People magazine, date unknown, quoted in, Gene Wheaton, "Another Bush Boy," Portland Free Press, July 1995. Keating stated, "The leftists I dealt with would never consider themselves patriots, and they had contempt for the government. The right-wing crowd has contempt for the government, and yet see themselves as patriots. It's a curious anomaly, but both of them are very similar."
868. (*) "Because of my youthful appearance, I did undercover work on the Berkeley campus," Keating said. The assignment dissolved shortly after Keating attended a Black Panther rally. A federal informant who later identified people at the protest took one look at a photo of Keating and muttered, "That's a pig." (Oklahoma Gazette, 9/26/97)
869. (*) Keating also presided over the federal prison system. His wife, Cathy, is a consultant to U.S. News & World Report, a magazine that often serves as an organ of black propaganda.
870. (646) Gene Wheaton, "Another Bush Boy," Portland Free Press, July 1995.
871. (647) Ace Hayes, letter to author.
872. (648) Deposition of William C. Duncan, copy in author's possession.
873. (*) Interestingly, Mena/Iran-Contra player Raymond "Buddy" Young, the former Arkansas State Police Captain who told ADFA director Larry Nichols he was a "dead man" if he did not drop his suit against Clinton, was appointed director of FEMA's (Federal Emergency Management Agency) Region IV post by Clinton. FEMA played a significant coordination role in the aftermath of the Oklahoma City bombing. Was Young given the $90,000-a-year job to keep his mouth shut?
874. (**) In fact, Wheaton suggested that Keating is being groomed for the 2000 presidential [or vice-presidential] candidacy.
875. ( The same reason for demolishing the Federal Building was given for demolishing the buildings at Waco: "Safety concerns." Yet the Waco buildings were miles from anywhere. Furthermore, an architect who inspected the Federal Building soon after the bombing said there was no immediate danger. But, according to David Hall, owner of KPOC-TV in Ponca City, Oklahoma, this architect was later "persuaded" to change his opinion.
876. (649) William Jasper, New American, date unknown.
877. (650) Affidavit of Neil Hartley.
878. (651) Melissa Klinzing, interview with author.
879. (652) Ann Domin, interview with author.
880. (653) Rappaport, Op Cit.
881. (654) Hoppy Heidelberg, interview with Jon Rappaport.
882. (*) In fact, many times that I have spoken to Heidelberg, I could hear the distinctive clicks of a tapped phone.
883. (**) "They sent another team out on October 20," added Heidelberg. "Agents Marry Judd and Dave Swanson. "They said 'do you know how much trouble you're in?', and I said 'well, apparently not,' and I just laughed at them like I'm laughing now (bursts out laughing). And they don't know what the hell to do with that. What do you do with a guy that just laughs at you?"
884. (655) Hoppy Heidelberg, interview with author.
885. (656) Timothy McVeigh's Petition for Writ of Mandamus, 3/25/97, pp. 71-72.
886. (*) Jim Garrison, On the Trail of the Assassins (Warner Books, 1988), p.252. In 1993, shortly before Vince Foster's body was found at Fort Marcy Park, Patrick Knowlton saw a car with a suspicious looking character. He informed the FBI, but later complained that the their rendering of his testimony was inaccurate. After he was subpoenaed by Kenneth Starr's Whitewater committee, he was stalked and intimidated by cars with license plates registered to the U.S. government.
887. (657) Newsweek reporter, confidential interview with author.
888. (658) Debra Burdick, interview with author.
889. (659) Deposition of Jane C. Graham, 7/20/97; Statement of Jane Graham, 11/15/96.
890. (660) Sharon Cohen, Associated Press, 4/26/95; Brian Duffy, "The Manhunt: Twisting Trail," U.S. News & World Report, 5/8/95.
891. (661) Bill Jasper, interview with author.
892. (*) Mackey also accused Davis of telling a bartender in Denver that McVeigh was in the room. Davis denied it.
893. (662) Testimony of John Jeffrey Davis, U.S. v. McVeigh.
894. (663) Timothy McVeigh's Petition for Writ of Mandamus, 3/25/96, p. 36.
895. (*) During the Pan Am 103 investigation, authorities attempted to coerce a civilian searcher into signing a statement that he had discovered a piece of microchip on which the government's theory hinged. In fact, the searcher was brought a bag of various unidentified components and asked to sign the statement, eventhough he wasn't sure he had found the items.
896. (664) J.D. Cash, McCurtain Gazette, quoted in B.C. Specht, "Ministry of 'Slick Justice' Scores Big Coup," posted on Internet, 5/26/97.
897. (665) Ryan Ross, "Final Witness Before Explosion Two Men in Truck, Neither was McVeigh?" Digital City Denver News, 5/23/97; Adrian Croft, "Oklahoma City Bombing Trial Takes Dramatic Twist," Reuter, 5/23/97.
898. (666) Diana Baldwin and Ed Godfrey, "Sighting Accounts Differ Grand Jury Witnesses Put Bomber in 2 Places," Daily Oklahoman, 7/15/97.
899. (667) Rep. Charles Key, interview with author, account of interview with Gary Lewis.
900. (*) Heath called the agent's supervisor and complained, then, when he asked how he could fill out a Freedom of Information Act request to see what the FBI had said about him, was told they didn't know where he could get one. When he went to the FBI office, he was rebuffed once again. After he finally got the FOIA filled out, he received word 60 days later that his request was denied.
901. (668) Dr. Paul Heath, interview with author.
902. (669) David Keen and Connie Hood, interview by J.D. Cash, tape transcribed by author.
903. (*) This was originally reported on the major networks, then retracted as a "radar anomaly."
904. (670) Roberts, Op Cit., p. 311. Part of Roberts' current assignment as a liaison officer to an Air Force Reserve fighter squadron entails analyzing surface-to-air threats.
905. (671) ABC World News Sunday, 07/21/96.
906. (672) New York Daily News, 11/09/96, quoted in Ibid.
907. (673) Elftherotypia, Athens, 08/23/96. Ian Williams Goddard, "The Veracity of the Russell Report," 11/20/96, posted on Internet. Goddard is the author of the book, The Downing of TWA Flight 800.
908. (674) Ibid.
909. (675) David Fulghum, "ANG Pilot: Jet by Object," Aviation Week & Space Technology, 3/10/96, quoted in Goddard, "TWA 800 Missile Theory: Stonger Than Ever," © 1997.
910. (676) "Report: Pilot Saw Projectile Near Jet," Associated Press, 7/29/97.
911. (677) E. Phillips, P. Mann, "Terrorist Fears Deepen with 747's Destruction," Aviation Week & Space Technology, 7/22/96, quoted in Goddard, Op Cit.
912. (678) Associated Press, 7/20/97, quoted in William F. Jasper, "What Happened to TWA 800?" The New American, 10/8/96.
913. (679) David Fulghum, "ANG Eyewitnesses Reject Missile Theory," Aviation Week & Space Technology, 7/29/96, quoted in Goddard, Op Cit.
914. (680) Joe Sexton, "Behind a Calm Facade Investigation Embodied Chaos, Distrust, Stress," New York Times, 8/23/96, quoted in Goddard, Ibid.
915. (*) Lt. Comdr. Rob Newell, a Navy spokesman at the Pentagon, said the Navy's only aircraft in the area was a P-3 Orion anti-submarine plane, which does not carry missiles.
916. (681) Letter to David Hendrix, Riverside, CA, Press Enterprise from CINCLANTFLT (Commander in Chief Atlantic Fleet), Public Affairs office, 8/30/96, quoted in Roberts, Op Cit., p. 324-25.
917. (682) Pat Milton, "Salinger Sticks By Missile Theory While Feds Shoot It Down," Associated Press, 11/9/96.
918. (683) Minton, Op Cit.
919. (684) Bo Gritz, Center For Action Monthly Newsletter ,Vol. 6 No 11, June, 1997.
920. (685) "Sonar Finds Underwater Wreckage," Lexington Herald-Leader, 7/21/96, quoted in Ian Williams Goddard, "TWA 800 Investigation Cover-Up: The Proof," 7/26/97, posted on Internet.
921. (686) Ronald W. Lewis, "Uncivil Air War" (The Shootdown of TWA Flight 800)," Air Forces Monthly, No. 104, November 1996, quoted in S.A.F.A.N. Internet Newsletter, No. 213, 12/21/96.
922. (*) Another story that circulated among the press for a time reported that the DEA, along with Customs, the National Guard, and the Coast Guard, were practicing how to shoot down drug-smuggling planes with SAMs (surface-to-air missiles). The P-3's job was to drop white phosphorous flares, called Willie Peters, to use as targets. According to some reports, the C-130 was seen dropping white phosphorous parachute flares before TWA 800 went down. If this is true, were the flares being dropped as part of a target exercise for heat-seeking missiles? Or had C-130 been alerted to a possible missile threat and dropped flares to divert missiles from targeting it and other aircraft in the area?
923. (687) Jasper, Op Cit.
924. (688) W. Michael Pitcher, "Fax Gives Glimpse of Crash Investigation,"The Southampton Press, 7/24/97, quoted in Ian Williams Goddard, "Navy Missile Drone Debris Found at TWA Crash Site?" 07/28/97, posted on Internet.
925. (689) Indeed, a major terrorism summit sponsored by Tehran in June of 1996 saw delegates from Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and other Mid-East and African states, as well as Bosnia-Herzegovina, Germany, France, Britain, Canada, and the U.S. come together to form a joint working committee under the command of the new HizbAllah International transforming that group into "the vanguard of the revolution" of the Muslim world.
926. (690) Murray Weiss, "TWA Probers: Missile Witnesses 'Credible,'" New York Post, 9/22/96.
927. (691) Michael D. Towle, "Missile Unlikely, but not Ruled Out in Crash," Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 7/20/96.
928. (692) "U.S. Worries Over Missiles it Gave Afghan Rebels: U.S. Concerned that Stinger Anti-aircraft Missiles Could Get into the Wrong Hands," New York Times, 4/27/92; "As Afghan War Funding Dries Up, Weapons Flood Pakistani Market," Christian Science Monitor, 1/8/92; "Afghan Rebel Bars Return of U.S. Stingers" (Islamic Party of Yunis Khalis), New York Times, 3/14/89; numerous other articles reported this.
929. (693) Letter from Rodney Stich to Senator Arlen Specter, 10/20/95, posted on Internet.
930. (694) In the late 1970s, two Rhodesian airliners were reportedly shot down by Russian SA-7s. In 1986, a Sudan Airways jet was shot down by a SAM. And in September of 1993, Abkhazian separatists of the ex-Soviet republic of Georgia shot down three Tu-134 and Tu-154 airliners using shoulder-fired SAMs from boats out on the Black Sea. The FBI was advised that small missiles such as the Russian SA-14 Gremlin, SA-16 Gimlet and SA-18 Grouse, are equipped with "proportional convergence logic" systems sensitive enough to home in on airframe radiation once it nears its target.
931. (695) Towle, Op Cit.
932. (696) Jasper, Op Cit.
933. (697) Weiss, Op Cit.
934. (698) Washington Times, 12/17/96.
935. (699) Allen, Op Cit.
936. (700) William Jasper, New American, date unknown.
937. (701) Ibid.
938. (*) He said they made up a bogus complaint about him threatening a reporter. I spoke to that reporter and discovered the complaint was false.
939. (702) Paul Queary "Oklahoma Hero Commits Suicide," Associated Press, 5/13/96.
940. (*) According to Rivera, the recalcitrant police officer was forced into making a public service announcement with Governor Keating. "He was told he'd make that or he was fired," said Rivera. The officer they sent to Washington to accept an award on behalf of the OCPD, he told Rivera, wasn't even at the site!
941. (*) Yeakey was also angry because he couldn't get access to his own report about the bombing (which numbered between 9-10 pages). "He was in a full-fledged rampage over the report," said Rivera, whom he wouldn't even show it to.
942. (703) Cpt. Ted Carlton, interview with author.
943. (*) Interestingly, Yeakey's superiors, Major Upchurch and Lt. Randall, according to Rivera, were claiming Yeakey was "delusional" from the back injury he sustained during his fall in the Murrah Building on April 19.
944. (704) Oklahoma City Medical Examiner's Report, copy in author's possession; Dr. Larry Balding and Dr. Fred Jordan, interview with author. They said the drug test costs between $400 and $500 dollars.
945. (705) Report of ME investigator Jeffrey A. Legg, CME-1 Report, copy in author's possession.
946. (*) Several Medical Examiners explained that it is not uncommon for an individual to attempt suicide by one method, then continue to take additional measures until they are dead. San Francisco's ME told me about a man who, upon discovering he had AIDS, tried to hang himself, then threw himself off the balcony. Perhaps Terrance Yeakey was not satisfied with his alleged attempts to slash himself. As Dr. Fred Jordan, Oklahoma's Chief Medical Examiner explained, "It hurts, and nothing much is happening."
947. (706) This was verified by school officials.
948. (707) The harassment and surveillance on Rivera and the rest of the family was confirmed by Vicki Jones, and her husband, Reverend Glenn Jones. Reverend Jones told me that Rivera had come to them several times "frantic" that she was being tailed and harassed. Vicki saw evidence of the break-ins at Rivera's apartment.
949. (708) Taylor recalled the incident for this author. "There's only a few times in my life that I remember that somebody had done something weird like that, and that's why I wrote it down."
950. (709) Tonia-Rivera Yeakey, interview with author. They had at one time been friends, she explained, but had a falling-out in 1992, and had remained apart ever since. Rivera attempted to hire an attorney to bring a Slander suit against Jim Ramsey, based on the false allegations of his death. No local attorney would accept it.
951. (710) OCPD Detective Mullinex, interview with author.
952. (711) Regarding Rivera's source, she claimed he knew things about her that no one could possibly have known. "He sat there and told me about stuff I hadn't told anybody," which included break-ins at her apartment.
953. (712) Officer Mike Ramsey, interview with author.
954. (713) This finding is based on the testimony of a former police officer and Marine sniper.
955. (*) This funeral home, curiously enough, has been mixed up in some rather strange incidents.
956. (714) Karen Von T., letter to author.
957. (715) The author knows the name of this individual, but cannot release it at this time.
958. (716) Shaun Jones, interview with author.
959. (717) FAA report, copy in author's possession. Investigators and pilots I've talked to indicated various ways a plane can be rigged to crash, including tampering with the fuel gauge so it reads full when empty, and putting a corrosive acid on the control cables.
960. (718) Mike Evett, interview with author.
961. (719) Clint Boehler, interview with author. Interestingly, Boehler would later discount the murder scenario of police officer Terrance Yeakey, despite overwhelming evidence that Yeakey was murdered.
962. (720) Christopher C. Lyons, "The Whitewater FAQ: Deaths & Injuries," 1996, posted on Internet.
963. (721) John De Camp, The Franklin Cover-Up; FAA report, copy in author's possession.
964. (722) Medical Examiner's report, 8/5/97, by Dr. Fred Jordan, copy in author's possession.
965. (*) He was wearing a t-shirt inscribed: "Nameless Saints We Give Our Thanks The hundreds of people that give it their all without personal individual acknowledgment, April 19, 1995, Oklahoma City, OK"
966. (723) Dan Richardson, interview with author.
967. (**) His partner was ATF agent Harry Eberhardt.
968. (724) John Michael Johnston, interview with author.
969. (725) Al Martin on the Tom Valentine show, date unknown. The author has interviewed Martin extensively.
970. (726) Craig Roberts and John Armstrong, JFK: The Dead Witnesses (Tulsa, Oklahoma: Consolidated Press Int'l, 1995), pp. iii-vii, 173-76.
971. (727) D'Ferdinand Carone, interview with author. Carone was subsequently threatened by anonymous telegram after I interviewed her on my radio show, KHNC, Denver, American Freedom Network.
972. (*) The only mainstream media who have made some effort to report the truth have been CNN, the Dallas Morning News, the Denver Post, FOX News, and ABC 20/20. Unfortunately, the information 20/20 presented only covered limited aspects of prior knowledge by the government. KFOR, the only station that has covered the Middle Eastern connection, ceased their reporting when they were bought out by the New York Times Broadcasting Company.
973. (*) Potts was later taken off the case due to the heat from the Ruby Ridge incident.
974. (*) As a sideline, the FBI and DOJ occasionally arrest and prosecute real criminals.
975. (728) Rael Jean Isaac, "Abusive Justice: Janet Reno's Dirty Secret," National Review, 6/30/97.
976. (*) In 1984, Reno prosecuted Grant Snowden, Miami's 1983 Police Officer of the Year, whose wife ran a day-care center. Snowden had threatened to report a father whose son showed up with bruises. The man retaliated by accusing Snowden of the abuse. The case was finally dropped when the psychiatrist examining the boy revealed that the father had coerced the child into perjury. Reno pervservered, however, bringing in two self-styled child-abuse experts Joseph and Laurie Braga to elicit the required testimony from the latest victim that Reno's office had turned up. Snowden was acquitted. Making good on her promise to try Snowden one child at a time until there was a conviction, Reno pushed ahead. While the latest child was not even able to identify Snowden in court, the judge allowed the testimony from the previous two children (eventhough Snowden was found to be innocent), excluded testimony of Snowden's flawless record, and sentenced him to secure five consecutive life sentences.( These cases, although highly manipulated by government prosecutors, should not be taken as an inference that child-abuse, including ritual child abuse, does not occur, as some media pundits have tried to suggest.
977. (**) Reno had previously displayed her concern for children when several days earlier, two men who had driven all day and all night from Indiana to bring baby food to the children at Waco were arrested.
978. (729) Thompson, Op Cit.
979. (**) Letter from Rep. James Traficant to members of Congress, 4/15/97, copy in author's possession. Traficant introduced a bill (H.R. 692) that seeks the appointment of an independent counsel to investigate cases of DOJ misconduct. The bill is pending as of this writing.
980. (*) As the Congressional committee probing the Inslaw affair later wrote: "The enhanced PROMIS software was stolen by high level Justice officials and distributed internationally in order to provide financial gain to Dr. Brian and to further intelligence and foreign policy objectives of the United States."
981. (730) Ratiner was then paid $120,000 over the next five years on the condition that he not practice law during that time. Former Mossad agent Ari Ben-Menashe claimed he personally saw a cable from Israel's Joint Committee to the U.S., requesting that $600,000 be transferred from the CIA-Israeli slush fund to Hadron to pay Rariner. Former National Security Advisor Robert "Bud" McFarlane had sold PROMIS to the Israelis.
982. (731) Rodney Stich, Defrauding America (Alamo, CA: Diablo Western Press, 1994), pp. 371-97.
983. (732) Barron's, 3/21/88. As Judge Bason wrote, "I have come to believe that my non-reappointement as bankruptcy judge was the result of improper influence from within the Justice Department which the current appointment process failed to prevent."
984. (733) Stich, Op Cit., pp. 377-78.
985. (*) Ibid., pp. 394-95. Sherman Skolnick and Mark Sato of Chicago's Citizens Committee to Clean Up the Courts filed a lawsuit against Bua and Knight, charging them with obstruction of Justice. They informed Bua that they were going to circumvent the special prosecutor and present evidence to the grand jury themselves. Bua replied that he would hold them in contempt. "I do not intend to prosecute anyone," he told them.
986. (*) Those within the DOJ who had an interest in covering up Casolaro's death were quick to point out that the investigative reporter suffered from Multiple Sclerosis, and was therefore despondent. Interestingly, Hartzler also suffers from Multiple Sclerosis. In his letter to Dwire, he adds: "The more the implicit connection between Mr. Casolaro's Multiple Sclerosis and his suicide may create too dire a picture of Multiple Sclerosis. That linkage invites readers to cluck with pity and nod knowingly about the presumably devastating effect of Multiple Sclerosis. I trust that if Ms. Reno, Ms. Gorlick and Mr. Smith are not already familiar with MS, you will offer them this note of balance and assure them that Multiple Sclerosis flourishes even in the Justice Department and expects no pity."
987. (734) Robert Schmidt, "Low Key, High Pressure," Legal Times, 9/2/96.
988. (*) Leighton was the secret attorney for Lee Harvey Oswald.
989. (735) "An Irrestibale Case," Newsweek, 8/14/95.
990. (736) Schmidt, Op Cit. Justice Department officials say Hartzler's disability played no role in his selection.
991. (737) Ibid.
992. (738) Sherman Skolnick, Conspiracy Nation, date unknown.
993. (*) It has also been speculated that Richardson was the Assistant U.S. Attorney who was providing information to Tonia Rivera-Yeakey about the murder of her ex-husband, through an intermediary. According to Richardson's brother Dan, Ted had a stable, loving relationship with his wife, Julie, and adored his children. Dan told me his brother had no reason to commit suicide. He was allegedly suffering from "work pressure."
994. (739) The committee noted: "Riconosciuto stated that a tape recording of the telephone threat was confiscated by DEA agents at the time of Riconosciuto's arrest. the timing of the arrest, coupled with Mr. Riconosciuto's allegations that tapes of a telephone conversation he had with Mr. Videnieks were confiscated by DEA agents, raises serious questions concerning whether the Department's prosecution of Mr. Riconosciuto was related to his cooperation with the committee.
995. (740) The government also attempted to destroy William Chasey, author of The Lockerbie Cover-Up.
996. (741) Ibid.
997. (742) John Ashton, "US Government Still on Ropes Over Lockerbie," The Mail on Sunday, 6/9/96.
998. (743) Kevin Flynn, "Testimony Blocked at Trial of McVeigh," Rocky Mountain News, 7/14/97.
999. (*) "My thought was that it was our government," said Carone. "I honestly believe that." According to one account of the conversation, Shackley was elated.
1000. (744) D'Ferdinand Carone, interview with author.
1001. (745) Paul Hudson, head of U.S. Pan Am survivors group, interview with author.
1002. (*) North contacted Meese through Admiral Poindexter. Meese informed Revell, who called Deputy Assistant Attorney General for the Criminal Division Mark Richard, and told him: "[p]lease get on top of this; Jensen is giving a heads up to the NSC. Deposition of Mark M. Richard before the Joint Congressional Committees, 8/19/87, quoted in Christic, Op Cit.; Jensen is Deputy Attorney General Lowell Jensen; Kellner is Attorney General Leon Kellner. The rest of the conversation went as follows: "Call Kellner, find out what is up, and advise him that decision should be run by you"; Cockburn, Op Cit., p. 136.
1003. (*) As investigative journalist Joel Bainerman writes: Officials said that Al-Kassar maintained offices in Warsaw and was a major broker of the Polish-owned weapons company, Cenzin. The first arms purchase by North from al-Kassar totaling $1 million was sent by boat to an unidentified Caribbean port in the Fall of l985 and was later distributed to the Contra fighters. In April of that year, a second shipment of Polish arms was sold to the CIA as part of this transaction. (Los Angeles Times, 7/17/87, quoted in Joel Bainerman, "Bush Administration's Involvement in Bombing Pan Am 103," Portland Free Press, May/June, 1997. See Bainerman's book, The Crimes of a President, SPI Books, 1992, regarding the illegal deals of George Bush). In another part of the deal, more than $42 million was laundered through BCCI accounts in the Cayman Islands. Al-Kassar earned more than $1 million. Private Eye, 10/25/9l, quoted in Ibid.)
1004. (746) Administration officials who discussed these deals said Al-Kassar had clear business links with Abu Nidal's organization, Los Angeles Times, 7/17/87.
1005. (**) These were the same hostages that sparked the Iran-Contra arms-for-drugs scandal.
1006. (747) Jim Berwick, a Pan Am security consultant in London, told Francovich, "An HM Customs officer involved in the investigation of narcotics, left a message for me. I subsequently contacted him and met with him and he advised me that he had been in Frankfort and had been at a meeting of drug enforcement agents in Germany, America and Britain, and that it was well known and discussed at that meeting that Pan Am was the airline that was being used as a drug conduit."
1007. ( As former Iranian president Abulhassan Bani Sadr observed, "The people of Iran saw this as a crime shooting down an airplane, killing almost 300 people is a crime. Had it involved another country, there would have been legal proceedings. A lot of fuss would have been made all around the world. But here they destroyed the aircraft, and then congratulated themselves."( (Allan Francovich, The Maltese Double-Cross, 1992)
1008. (*) U.S. investigators traced a wire transfer of several million dollars from Teheran to a bank account in Vienna controlled by the PFLP-GC. (U.S. News & World Report, 11/25/9l).
1009. (748) One interesting piece of evidence was a call to Damascus, Syria, intercepted by authorities, in which Khreesat stated: "I have made some changes to the medicine. It is better and stronger."
1010. (749) Pritchard, Op Cit.
1011. (*) This also raises the issue of whether Abraham Ahmed, who was released from custody after his mysteriously-timed departure from the U.S. after the Oklahoma City bombing, was an operative of the U.S. Government.
1012. (750) According to a special report in Time (April 27, 1992), COREA used the following front companies for its overseas operations: Sevens Mantra Corp., AMA Industries, Wilderwood Video and Condor Television Ltd. The report revealed that Condor did its banking through the First American Bank, a subsidiary of BCCI. (Bainerman, Op Cit. )
1013. (751) Donald Goddard and Lester Coleman, On the Trail of the Octopus (London, Bloomsbury Publishing, LTD., 1993), pp. 143, 201.
1014. (*) PBS Frontline investigators believe that the intelligence officers were "a strong secondary target."
1015. (**) Aviv believes the original target of the attack was American Airlines. When a Mossad agent tipped off the airline, the target was switched to Pan Am.
1016. (*) Also aboard flight 103 was Bernt Carlsson, the Swedish UN diplomat who had just completed negotiating the Namibian independence agreement with South Africa. He was due in New York the next day to sign the agreement.
1017. (752) Two separate eyewitnesses remember General Crosby ordering the "immediate bulldozing of the crash site."
1018. (*) The passengers were members of the 101st Airborne Division, part of a UN peacekeeping force (MFO) in the Egyptian Sinai. While officials sought to bamboozle the public with claims of "wing icing," four members of the Canadian Aviation Safety Board disagreed. The flight engineer and ground refueller saw no signs of ice on the wings moments before the plane took off and crashed. With the help of Oliver North, Vince Cannistraro, and CIA Deputy Director [for European Operations] Duane "Dewy" Clarridge (along with Bud McFarlane and Richard Secord) North had been negotiating with Iran for the release of the hostages. In exchange, North was selling the Iranians TOW anti-tank missiles and other equipment for use in its war with Iraq. Upon delivery and testing of one of the HAWKs, the Iranians realized they had received an older version, and felt double-crossed. North was told by one of his advisors that there was a "good chance of condemning some or all of the hostages to death in a renewed wave of Islamic Jihad." North's insouciant response: the deaths of the hostages would be our "minimum losses." Given what happened next, his words may have proved prophetic. While the plane was being loaded, the captain noticed that the Egyptian guard stationed on the ground outside the aircraft would "disappear from his post several times, sometimes for as long as an hour." The baggage handlers also got into a fist fight, which struck him as odd since Arabs rarely touch one another due to religious beliefs. Finally, someone pulled a power cord on the tarmac, cutting all light around the plane. Had someone used these diversions to plant a bomb? Given the suspicious train of events, it seems highly likely. Yet if the downing of the plane was a simple act of terrorism, why the elaborate cover-up? Another question that has never been satisfactorily answered is why there were approximately 20 members of an elite Special Forces unit known as Task Force 160 on the plane. This is significant, considering that the role of the MFO is peacekeeping. In contrast, Task Force 160's main objectives are covert missions and rescues. Had North, realizing his position after double-crossing the Iranians, planned a covert rescue? North reportedly knew the exact position of the hostages, down to the very room they were being held. If the rescue attempt failed, did the 20 mysterious coffin-sized boxes on the plane contain dead servicemen? Or did they contain the 18 rejected HAWKs? Despite attempts to identify the cargo through Army files, no records of the boxes has ever been found. Either way, the Iranians were sure to be angered. A bomb on board a military transport would send a message to the Americans that the arm of Islamic Jihad had a long reach.
1019. (*) This assertion was backed up by NBC News when it reported, on October 30, l990, that the DEA was investigating a Middle East based heroin operation to determine whether it was used by the terrorists to place a bomb on the flight 103. Naturally, the DEA denied any connection to the sting operation (Barron's, 12/17/90). Original quote, Francovich, Op Cit.
1020. (**) Polygraphs conducted on baggage handler Tiling Kuzcu by James Keefe, a polygraph examiner with 30 years experience with the Army's C.I.D., revealed that Kuzcu was not telling the truth when he stated that he did not know who switched the suitcase, and further when he stated that he did not switch the suitcases himself. He also lied when he said that Roland O'Neill, the loadmaster, had not told him to switch the bags. O'Neill also failed his polygraph. A second polygraph examiner brought in to review the results agreed with the findings concerning Kuzcu, but thought the results on O'Neill were inconclusive.
1021. (753) Interfor report, copy in author's possession; PBS Frontline believes the suitcase belonging to Gannon was switched in London. According to their investigators, Gannon's was the only piece of luggage not accounted for from the flight.
1022. ( The fact that the team was onboard made it, in the words of PBS Frontline, "a strong secondary target." The fact that the team was onboard made it, in the words of PBS Frontline, "a strong secondary target."
1023. (*) As British journalist David Ben-Aryeah reported: "Very strange people were at work very early on. Within a matter of three hours there were American accents heard in the town. Over that night there were large numbers, by which I mean twenty, twenty-five, thirty people arrived. " (Franckovich, Op Cit.)
1024. (**) As investigator and former law-enforcement officer Craig Roberts points out in The Medussa File: "The unusual activity of this alleged "FBI" agent is striking, but not quite as odd as the fact that Lockerbie is over 350 miles from London, which is the nearest point an American FBI agent might be. To reach Lockerbie that night from London, even if traveling by air, would have taken far more than one hour considering the sequence of events that would have had to occur. Assuming a timely notification, an American agent in London would have had to have been tracked down considering the late hour, notified to pack up for an investigation, rush to Heathrow, board a waiting airplane, fly immediately to the nearest airport that could land a jet transport, obtain ground transportation from there to Lockerbie, then locate the command center. An effort that would require four to six hours at the minimum."
1025. (754) Debra Burdick, interview with author.
1026. (755) J.D. Reed, "Wednesday, April 19, 1995: A Black Day for All of Us," Workin' Interest, Vol. 96, Issue No. 3.
1027. (756) Ibid.
1028. (757) Ibid.
1029. (758) Ibid.
1030. (759) Allen, Op Cit.
1031. (760) The Jaffar clan had been at the center of the opium production in the Bekka Valley for years.
1032. (761) "Files Before Victims," New York Daily News, 5/1/95.
1033. (762) Tulsa Fire Captain, confidential interview with Craig Roberts.
1034. (*) While Sheriff Deputy Melvin Sumtner told me he had found the axle, an Oklahoma City Policeman, Mike McPherson, claimed that he had in fact discovered it, as did an FBI agent. These three accounts were contradicted by Governor Frank Keating, who claimed that he had actually found the axle.
1035. (*) Although Thatcher acknowledged the conversation took place, she denied that she and Bush sought to interfere with the investigation.
1036. (*) Interestingly, some of these same players worked with CIA Director Bill Casey and Vice President George Bush to build Iraq (whose president, Saddam Hussein, Bush called "worse than Hitler") into a major military power. This policy perfectly illustrated the Reagan/Bush administration's propensity to cuddle up to whatever dictator or terrorist was in favor at the time.
1037. (*) Yet they were still left with the problem of proving how the microchip had been traced to Al-Megrahi and Fhima. The FBI claimed it had traced the chip to Mebo, a Swiss manufacturing firm in Zurich run by Edwin Bollier. Agents showed Bollier a photograph of the chip, and asked if it was from their MST-13 O-series. "I immediately recognized from the photo that the fragment found in Lockerbie was without a doubt from a timer that we ourselves had made," stated Bollier.Yet they still hadn't proven is how the timer had come to be in the possession of Fhima and al-Megrahi. Stasi (East German secret police) files showed that Bollier had not only sold timers to the Libyans, but to the Palestinians, the Red Army Faction, and Arabs in both Germanies. The Stasi concluded that Bollier was a triple agent, probably working for the CIA as well, since he seemed to easily be able to get very special American equipment for them.Yet when Bollier asked the FBI to see the actual fragment, they said they didn't have it; the Scottish police had it. When Bollier approached the Scottish police, they refused to show it to him. Nor was he was given a satisfactory explanation of how either the FBI or the Scotts managed to trace it to the Libyans.
1038. (*) Ollie North served on the planning committee that selected the targets for the Libyan raid.
1039. (*) When the new allegations were first made public, Libya formally offered to submit the matter to the International Court of Justice, or to an international arbitration tribunal. Their plea falling on deaf ears, Libya finally invoked Article 14 of the Montreal Sabotage Convention, which states that in the event of a dispute over the interpretation or application of the convention that cannot be resolved by means of negotiation, any party has the right to submit the matter to an international arbitration tribunal. All of the offers were just rejected unilaterally and summarily by the U.S. and the U.K., which subsequently rammed a UN Security Council resolution through that was highly critical of Libya.
1040. (*) U.S. officials also tried to blame the murder of three IBEX executives in August of 1976 on "Libyan-trained Islamic Marxist guerrillas."
1041. (763) Jeffrey Steinberg, "CIA Man: Iran, Syria Bombed Pan Am 103," The New Federalist, 7/2/93.
1042. (*) U.S. Attorney General Robert Mueller told the public, "We have no evidence to implicate another country (other than Libya) in this disaster." Gene Wheaton described it as "OPSEC" (operation security), providing layers of deniability and disinformation, false leads and stories.
1043. (764) In August l991, Larry Cohler, a writer for the Washington Jewish Week, reported on a set of secret negotiations which took place between Syria and the U.S. over the release of the hostages and which led to a number of covert trips by Bush to Damascus; Regarding the announcement of the Libyan theory, see: New York Times, 11/15/91; Time, 4/27/92.
1044. (765) Coleman/Goddard, Op Cit., pp. 201, 256, 275; James Shaughnessy said that he "had also been advised separately by four investigative journalists" that they had "evidence" of these intercepts, one having claimed to have actually heard the tapes. "Finally, I was told that Mr. Lovejoy used a number of aliases, including Michael Franks."
1045. (766) This wasn't difficult, as the McKee team (via Gannon) had made its travel arrangements through the DEA's travel agent in Nicosia.
1046. (767) A May l989 report in the Arabic newspaper Al-Dustur reported on the situation involving Lovejoy/Franks/Schafer. Lester Coleman, a trained DIA agent, claims he warned Hurley repeatedly about the compromised situation. Hurley would later seek to dismiss Coleman's claims as unsubstantiated, and seek to discredit Coleman.
1047. (*) One person familiar with the case believes it was Shackley himself.
1048. (*) In 1984, Cannistraro, newly transferred to the NSC, oversaw covert assistance to the Mujahadeen.
1049. (768) Dave Emory, Pacifica Radio Network, WBAI-FM, date unknown.
1050. (769) Mike Levine, interview with author.
1051. (*) "NBC News on February 7 carried a somewhat different version of the revelations that later appeared in the McCurtain Daily Gazette, ambiguously suggesting that although Howe gave the government information regarding 'alleged threats' prior to the bombing, there is 'no evidence' that she reported 'specific threats' against the Murrah Building until two days after the bombing." (Edward Zehr, "Oklahoma City Cover-up Exposed: But the Mainstream Media are Still in Denial," Washington Weekly, 2/17/97.)
1052. (*) I managed to partially confirm this by speaking to Judge Babcock, and his neighbor, both of whom said that extra security was provided the judge at that time.
1053. (770) Dave Hogan, "If He'd Been at Work Former Portlander Says," Portland Oregonian, 4/20/95.
1054. (771) Glenn Wilburn, interview with author.
1055. (772) Press conference, 1/14/98.
1056. (773) J.D. Cash and Jeff Holladay, "Day of Blast 'an Amazing Coincidence,'" McCurtain Gazette, 12/1/95.
1057. (774) Tom Jarriel, ABC 20/20, 1/17/97.
1058. (775) Ian Williams Goddard, "Federal Government Prior Knowledge of the Oklahoma City Bombing," 5/26/97, posted on Internet.
1059. (776) Sherry Koonce, Panola Watchman, 4/23/97.
1060. (777) Allen, Op Cit.
1061. (778) KFOR, Jayna Davis reporting, 11/21/96; WNBC Extra, Brad Goode reporting, 3/19/97.
1062. (779) J.D. Reed, "Wednesday, April 19, 1995: A Black Day for All of Us," Workin' Interest, Vol. 96, Issue No. 3.
1063. (780) Ibid.
1064. (781) ABC EXTRA: Prior Knowledge, 11/20/96.
1065. (782) "Indictment: Inside the Oklahoma City Grand Jury, The Hoppy Heidelberg Story," Equilibrium Entertainment, 1996.
1066. (*) As previously mentioned, Guy Rubsamen, the Federal Protective Services guard on duty that night, said that nobody had entered the building. Yet Rubsamen took off at 2:00 a.m., and claimed that nobody was guarding the building from 2:00 a.m. to 6:00 a.m.
1067. (783) V.Z. Lawton, interview with author; "Diana Baldwin and Judy Kuhlman, "Elevator Accounts Questioned Inspector Talks of Bomb's Effect," Daily Oklaho;man, 7/16/97.
1068. (784) William Jasper, "Prior Knowledge: Powerful Evidence Exists that Federal Agents were not Surprised by OKC Blast," New American, 12/11/95.
1069. (785) "Since his story was made public, Shaw said he and his wife have taken a lot of flak over it, and it has created a hardship for them. 'There's us that knows the truth and those who hate us. The ones that hate us are the ones trying to cover it up,' Shaw said." ("Some Witnesses Leery Of Bombing Grand Jury," Daily Oklahoman, 8/10/97.)
1070. (786) William Jasper, New American, date unknown.
1071. (787) J.D. Cash, "ATF's Explanation Disputed," McCurtain Sunday Gazette and Broken Bow News, 7/30/95. Schickedanz won the National Policeman of the Year Award for his "heroic" role.
1072. (*) The author confirmed the story with Oscar Johnson, owner of the elevator company. According to Johnson, the freight elevator's doors were blown outward. If the sole blast had come from outside the building, how could this be?
1073. (788) Ed Godfrey and Diana Baldwin, "Bombing Grand Jury Calling 6 Witnesses This Week, " Daily Oklahoman, 7/13/97.
1074. (789) "Diana Baldwin and Judy Kuhlman, "Elevator Accounts Questioned Inspector Talks of Bomb's Effect," Daily Oklaho;man, 7/16/97.
1075. (790) Rick Sherrow, interview with author.
1076. (791) David Hall, interview with author.
1077. (792) Gordon would not return the author's calls. The interview conducted by the other reporter was early on, before the cover-up got into high gear.
1078. (793) Ames Yates, interview with author.
1079. (794) Rick Sherrow, interview with author; Don Webb, interview with author.
1080. (795) Letter of Terrance Yeakey to Ramona McDonald, copy in author's possession.
1081. (796) Federal agent, confidential interview with author.
1082. (797) List of attendees of Sheriff's golf tournament, copy in author's possession.
1083. (*) In kind of a bizarre twist to the story, they said that at one point one of the men rolled a hoop across the road to the team on the other side. A witness who saw the black-garbed team operating hoops by the Murrah building called the FBI's special 800 number to report what he saw. Afterwards he began noticing that his phone clicked constantly, and a mysterious black car began appearing outside his house. By the time State Representative Key and I drove to Dallas to interview him, he was too afraid to talk, and we had to get the information through a friend.
1084. (798) Pritchard, Op Cit., p. 90.
1085. (*) Strassmeir told the author in an interview from his home in Berlin that Pritchard misquoted him that Strassmeir relayed the preceding statement from another BATF agent. Pritchard disagrees, and stands by his story.
1086. (799) Edward Zehr, "Turning Point: Resolving The Enigma of Oklahoma City," Washington Weekly, 11/18/96.
1087. (800) J.D. Cash, "Agents Probe OKC Bombing Links To Bank Robberies," McCurtain Daily Gazette, 7/16/96.
1088. (801) Pritchard, Op Cit., p. 90.
1089. (802) Harry Eberhart interviewed by Tom Jarriel, ABC 20/20, 1/18/97.
1090. (803) Dewy Webb, interview with author.
1091. (*) As for Eberhardt, his name showed up on an ATF report concerning Carol Howe's activities at Elohim City. The report indicated that an "irate" Eberhardt expressed his concern that Howe's cover had been "severely compromised" due to the release of a report by FBI agent James R. Blanchard II. Although the report was prepared almost a year after the bombing, the fact that Eberhardt's name appeared prominently on the report suggests that his office was involved, along with the Tulsa office, on the Elohim City investigation.
1092. (804) Richard Sherrow, interview with author.
1093. (805) Charles, Op Cit.; William F. Jasper, "Undercover: The Howe Revelations," The New American, 9/15/97.
1094. (806) David Hall, interview with author; Rick Sherrow, interview with author.
1095. (*) Luke Franey claimed at McVeigh's trial that the only sting they were working on involved a narcotics case with the Norman Police Department. Yet Norman Police Chief Phil Cotten could give me no details of that operation, nor could anyone there remember any specifics as to which ATF agents were working on that case. Cotten said most of the officers had retired.
1096. (807) David Hall, interview with Tom Valentine.
1097. (*) Franey claims that agent Darrell Edwards was at home, talking on the phone to Franey. Bruce Anderson was on his way to a compliance inspection, and agent Mark Michalic, who had worked late with Franey the night before, was on his way to the office.
1098. (808) David Hall, interview with author.
1099. (809) David Hall, interview with author.
1100. (810) Jon Rappoport, Oklahoma City Bombing: The Supressed Truth (Santa Monica, CA: Blue Press, 1995), pp. 75-76.
1101. (811) Conversation between informant and Rep. Charles Key, copy in author's possession. A voice stress analysis we ran on this individual's interview tape indicated he was being truthful.
1102. (812) David Hall, interview with author.
1103. (813) Pritchard, Op Cit, p.90.
1104. (*) Notice how the caller depicts McVeigh as the sole target of the sting, and attempts to distance himself from the operation by talking of it in the third tense.
1105. (814) Statement of Jane Graham, 11/15/96.
1106. (*) Recall that Sheriff's Deputies Don Hammons and David Kachendofer signed sworn affidavits that Rep. Istook told them of the government's prior knowledge of the attack. Istook told bombing investigator Pat Briley that he was very close to the FBI's investigation of the bombing, and made it his business to know the details. "There is nothing you can tell me and the FBI about the bombing that we don't already know," Istook said.
1107. (815) Bill Jasper, The New American; The author also heard one of the Cancemi tapes, but with a slightly different account.
1108. (816) Lana Padilla, interview with author.
1109. (*) According to former C.I.D. investigator Gene Wheaton, Salem worked for the TRD Egypt's version of the CIA, controlled by the CIA. Salem admitted to being a double-agent for the U.S. and Egypt.
1110. (817) Ralph Blumenthal, "Tapes Depict Proposal to Thrawr Bomb Used in Trade Center Blast," New York Times, 10/28/93. The transcripts, which are stamped "draft" and compiled from 70 tapes recorded secretly during the last two years by Salem, were turned over to defense lawyers, in the second bombing case, by the government under a judge's order barring lawyers from disseminating them. A large portion of the material was made available to the New York Times.
1111. (818) Waldman and McMorris, Op Cit.
1112. (819) Jim Dwyer, David Kocieniewshi, Deidre Murphy, and Peg Tyre, Two Seconds Under the World, 1994, quoted in William Jasper, "Evidence of Prior Knowledge," New American, 5/13/96.
1113. (820) J.D. Cash, "The Rev. Robert Millar Identified As FBI Informant," McCurtain Daily Gazette, 7/1/97.
1114. (*) Craig Roberts, a 20-year Tulsa police officer, concurrs: "[The Tulsa ATF office] did surveillance, took photos, used informants (Howe) and yet no matter what they did, they couldn't get any cooperation out of D.C. They knew something was wrong, but couldn't get a handle on it. I think it's because Strassmeir was working as an infiltrator at the D.C. level, and they were protecting him without tipping off the local office which they obviously didn't trust to keep a secret from the local police. This in not unusual. In fact, the field agents with the ATF and FBI often do not get along well with the D.C. officials and vice/versa."
1115. (821) Citizens Research and Investigations Committee and Louis Tackwood, The Glass House Tapes (New York, NY: Avon Press, 1973), p. 5, quoted in Alex Constantine, Blood, Carnage, and the Agent Provacateur, 1993, p. 13; "King Aftermath Rekindles Police Spying Controversy, Los Angeles Times, 6/18/91, quoted in Ibid., pp. 16-18.
1116. (822) Ibid.
1117. (823) In fact, the Pepsi bottling plant in Marseilles was used as a cover for heroin production.
1118. (*) General John Singlaub, a former OSS agent, has the distinction of being the first U.S. officer to pay his indigenous personnel at Kinming, China with five pound bags of opium. Ray Cline (Iran-Contra) was a member of Singlaub's team at the time. (Wall Street Journal, 4/18/80)
1119. (*) After the Contra torture manual scandal, McFarlane was fired, then kicked upstairs to the NSC to become Armitage's Deputy. Among those who participated in the original to plan "privatize" the Contra operation were: Gen. John Singlaub (Ret.), Andrew Messing, then of the Conservative Caucus, Ted Shackley, Harry (Heinie) Aderholt, Edward Luttwak, Gen. Edward Lansdale (Ret.), Seal Doss, and Col. John Waghelstein, former head of the U.S. military groups in El Salvador.
1120. (824) Andrew Eiva, former Green Beret, part of lobby effort for Mujahadeen, interview with author; Christic, Op Cit. Reagan's March, 1981 decision was formalized in November as National Security Decision Directive 17, and hidden from Congress.
1121. (825) Levine, Op Cit.
1122. (826) Roberts, Op Cit.
1123. (827) Bo Gritz, Called to Serve, 1991.
1124. (*) The real reason that Britain went to war against the Chinese (The Boxer Rebellion) was to prevent the emperor of China concerned about the spread of drug use among his people from destroying China's opium crop. The British, who were making huge profits from the opium trade, had Parliament declare war against the Chinese for interfering with their profitable "commerce." One of the spoils of that war was that Hong Kong became British territory, resulting in a port controlled by England for the transshipment of drugs.
1125. (828) Speech given to the Arizona Breakfast Club in Phoenix in 1989, quoted in Craig Roberts, The Medussa File: Crimes and Cover-Ups of the U.S. Government (Tulsa, OK: Consolidated Press, 1996), p. 200.
1126. (829) Jack Colhoun, "The Family That Preys Together," Covert Action Quarterly, date unknown. President Bush later appointed former Florida Governor Bob Martinez as head of the U.S. Office of National Drug Control Policy. Martinez had accepted campaign donations from drug trafficker Leonel Martinez (no relation). Bush's son Jeb also had links with the Contra drug supply line through Leonel Martinez; In November 1984, two years after Reagan announced his "bold, confident plan" promising to "be on the tail" of drug traffickers, cocaine imports had jumped 50 percent and heroin was more plentiful than at any other time since the late 1970s. An estimated 63 tons of cocaine glutted the U.S. market in 1984. (James Mills, The Underground Empire, p.1125.)
1127. (830) Dennis Bernstein and Robert Knight, "DEA Agent's Decade Long Battle To Expose CIA-Contra-Crack Story," Pacific News Service, 10/96; "Will Whitewash Of CIA-Cocaine Connection Continue? Revelations Of CIA's Connection To Crack Shouldn't Come As A Surprise," The Birmingham News, 9/29/96. "Richard Gregorie, one of the country's top narcotics prosecutors in Miami had aggressively pursued big-time cocaine bosses and drug-corrupted officials in and out of the United States. But as he began going up the drug-business chain of command, he targeted foreign officials friendly with the U.S. government, and the State Department started interfering with his investigations, telling him to stay away from certain sensitive areas. Gregorie's operations were subsequently stopped at the request of the State Department and he quit in protest." -Project Censored, 1989. NSC memos discovered during the Iran-Contra investigation revealed that Bush's NSC advisor Donald Gregg was aware early on of Contra involvement in the drug trade. Could ex-CIA chief George Bush, at that point Vice President and Drug Czar, be unaware of such goings-on when his reporting subordinate was quite aware of Contra involvement in the drug trade?
1128. (831) Celerino Castillo III and Dave Harmon, Powderburns: Cocaine, Contras and the Drug War (Oakville, Ontario: Mosaic Press), 1988. As ex-CIA field officer John Stockwell noted: "We cannot forget the Senate Kerry Committee findings of cocaine smuggling on CIA/Contra aircraft, the DEA reports on the number of prosecutions in which the CIA has intervened to block prosecution of drug smugglers, the note that escaped Lt. Col. Oliver North's shredder that $14 million of drug money had gone to the Contras, or the CIA's 20-odd year relationship with Manuel Noriega."( (Austin American-Statesman, op-ed editorial)
1129. (832) Mike Levine, interview with author.
1130. (*) Shackley's main contact was Richard Armitage.
1131. (*) Edward G. Lansdale, working with Shackley, headed a subset of JM/WAVE called "Operation Moongoose." The assassination team was called "Operation 40." Shackley's later partners in the "Enterprise," Tom Clines and Edwin P. Wilson, also worked on JM/WAVE and Operation 40. Roselli and Giancana were murdered only days before they were to testify before Congress regarding their alleged roles in the Kennedy assassination.
1132. (*) Shackley and Clines also directed an assassination program to eliminate Vang Pao's heroin competition. A CIA officer addressing a group of Green Berets in Vietnam claimed that Shackley had been responsible for 250 political murders in Laos. Shackley would later become CIA Station Chief of Saigon.
1133. (833) Wall Street Journal, March, 1983; quoted in Cockburn, p. 103. Michael Jon Hand was a U.S. Green Beret who served under Shackley in Laos.
1134. (**) In fact, Nugan Hand rented adjoining offices with the DEA in its Chiang Mai, Thailand branch, even sharing the same secretary! The overall operation resulted in the huge heroin epidemic that swept the country in the late 1960s and '70s, not to mention the U.S. troops in Vietnam who became addicts.
1135. (834) Although Congress declared Phoenix unlawful in 1971, and ordered the military to prosecute the guilty parties, the assassinations continued until 1975. One operative a Mr. Reaux was ultimately arrested and hung out to dry.
1136. (*) As Marchetti stated regarding William Colby, "Colby is a very dangerous man. I think he's got the mentality of a Heinrich Himmler. He would have made and might still from the way he's going a very good Communist. I mean that he's the kind of guy who is best qualified to run a concentration camp, not an agency like the CIA."
1137. (835) Michael Parenti, Inventing Reality: The Politics of the Mass Media (New York, NY: St. Martin's Press, 1986), p. 178. Also responsible for the squelching of trade unions in Chile was the American Institute for Free Labor Development (AIFLD), a CIA front, supported by corporations like W.R. Grace and ITT.
1138. (*) Col. H. Norman Schwarzkopf, Sr., the father of 'Stormin' Norman Schwarzkopf, was an intelligence operative in Iran in the 1940s and 50s, and helped set up the dreaded Savak.
1139. (*) It is rumored that he was looking forward to inheriting the Italian Fascist P2 account.
1140. (**) It is interesting to note that Bush had been implicated in "October Surprise," the backdoor deal with Iranian terrorists to hold the 66 American hostages seized by pro-Khomeini forces until after Carter's defeat. It is therefore not surprising that Shackley and Bush both groomed for CIA directorships, but forced to resign would work together on covert and illegal deals such as October Surprise and Iran-Contra.
1141. (836) Weiner, Op Cit.
1142. (837) Gene Wheaton, interview with author.
1143. (*) Victor Marchetti aptly summed up this philosophy by examining former Secretary of State Henry Kissinger: "He's power-mad, a manipulator of events. I don't think he does it for any ideological reason, just out of instinct. I don't think he understands what this country is all about. To him, everything is a deal "
1144. (*) As Al Martin, an Iran-Contra player, said, "Oklahoma City begins with Iran-Contra. If you want to understand Oklahoma, start with Iran-Contra."
1145. (838) Affidavit of Colonel Edward P. Cutolo, commander of the 10th Special Forces Group (Airborne), 1st Special Forces, 3/11/80, copy in author's possession.
1146. (839) Maas, p. 286. The C-4 came from J.S. Brower & Associates.
1147. (**) On July 3, 1976, Israeli commandos raided the Ugandan airport at Entebbe after one of their airliners had been hijacked by the PLO. McKenzie was instrumental in helping the Israelis, who had used Kenya as a staging area. In his book, Manhunt, Peter Maas describes what McKenzie got for his efforts: "Although he had been counseled not to, McKenzie went to Uganda as part of a Kenya trade mission to patch up relations with Idi Amin. The warnings seemed unnecessary. Amin himself was on hand to bid McKenzie good-bye, presenting him with the traditional Ugandan friendship gift, an African Antelope's head. Soon after McKenzie's plane took off, it blew up. Inside the Antelope head was a bomb, placed there by Frank Terpil."
1148. ( Gene Wheaton, IBEX;s subsequent director of security who investigated the murders, claims Shackley, Clines, Hakim, Rafael "Chi Chi" Quintero, and Secord are all linked to the murders. John Harper would later show up in Honduras training the Contras in the use of explosives.
1149. (840) Kwitny, Op Cit., p. 103.
1150. (841) Hoppy Heidelberg and Ted Gundersen, interviews with author. Recall that Heidelberg heard McVeigh's sister Jennifer read the letter into testimony.
1151. (*) Dewy Clarridge and Oliver North were in charge of the harbor mining operation. Moore's friend Don Aranow, owner of Magnum Marina, which had the original contract to build the boats, gave the contract to Moore. Aranow was killed one day before he was to testify at the Iran-Contra hearings.
1152. (**) My source told me that Moore's FBI contact was Tom Ross out of Hot Springs, Arkansas, one of Ollie North's "damage control" men. "
1153. (842) Nolan Clay, "Robbery Victim's Alliances Promise Drama in Nichols' Trial," Daily Oklahoman, 11/9/97.
1154. (843) AEI articles of incorporation. The president of AEI, Harry Huge, was a partner in the law firm of Rogovin, Huge, and Schiller.
1155. (844) Cliff Lewis, interview with author. Mujeeb Cheema, interview with author.
1156. (*) Interestingly, some of Khalid's workers were spotted in a Tulsa nightclub, The Ocean Club, which is curious, since Tulsa is 100 miles from Oklahoma City. McFarlane would not return repeated calls.
1157. (845) Indeed, a major terrorism summit sponsored by Tehran in June of 1996 saw delegates from Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and other Mid-East and African states, as well as Bosnia-Herzegovina, Germany, France, Britain, Canada, and the U.S. come together to form a joint working committee under the command of the new HizbAllah International transforming that group into "the vanguard of the revolution" of the Muslim world.
1158. (846) Timothy McVeigh's Petition for Writ of Mandamus, 3/25/97, p. 81. Jones points out, given the issue of the credibility of the information, that the head of Saudi Intelligence is the King's own son.
1159. (*) As former high-ranking CIA official Victor Marchetti explained, "They're smart enough always to work through other parties. Generally, the dirtier the work is, the more likely it is to be farmed out."
1160. (**) Some of the members of ZR/RIFLE, such as Felix Rodriguez (AKA: Max Gomez), and the leader of CORU, Frank Castro, would go on to form the nucleus of the Contra drugs-for-guns operation.
1161. (847) Scott and Marshall, Op Cit., p. 16.
1162. (848) Deirdre Griswold "Cuba Defended Itself, Washington Is The Terrorist," Workers World, 3/7/96; Jack Calhoun, "The Family that Prays Together," Covert Action Quarterly, Summer, 1992; also see Thomas & Keith.
1163. (*) This is not surprising, as it has been alleged by former CIA agents that Bush allowed the Agency to use his off-shore oil drilling company, Zapata Oil, as a front for numerous CIA operations, including the Bay of Pigs invasion.
1164. (849) Friedman, Op Cit.
1165. (850) Ibid.
1166. (851) Mary Ann Weaver, "Blowback," The Atlantic Monthly, May, 1996.
1167. (*) Recall that another one of the CIA's "valuable assets," Mir Aimal Kansi, opened fire with an AK-47 outside of CIA headquarters in January, 1993, killing two Agency employees. Like World Trade Center bomber Ramzi Yousef, he fled to Pakistan.
1168. (852) Friedman, Op Cit.
1169. (*) Egyptian President Hosani Mubarak claimed that Sheik Rahman was connected to the CIA. (Las Vegas Sun, 8/1/93)
1170. (853) Peter Waldman and Frances A. McMorris, "The Other Trial: As Sheik Omar Case Nears End, Neither Side Looks Like a Winner," Wall Street Journal, 9/22/95.
1171. (**) As William Norman Grigg, writing in the New American points out, "The FBI engaged in a curiously timed fit of incompetence when the opportunity arose for a preemptive strike against Sheik Omar's network. Following the shooting of Rabbi Meir Kahane in November 1990, the FBI seized and impounded 49 boxes of documents from Nosair's New Jersey apartment; the cache included bomb-making instructions, a hit list of public figures (including Kahane), paramilitary training materials, detailed pictures of famous buildings (including the World Trade Center), and sermons by Sheik Omar urging his followers to 'destroy the edifices of capitalism."'
1172. (854) National Review, 7/10/95, quoted in Ibid.; Curt Gentry, J. Edgar Hoover: The Man and the Secrets (New York, NY: W.W. Norton, 1991), p. 484.
1173. (*) Not only was Rowe never prosecuted, the FBI paid his medical bills and gave him a $125 bonus for "services rendered."
1174. (855) Donner, Op Cit., p. 365
1175. (856) Frank Donner, Protectors of Privilege: Red Squads and Police Repression in America, (Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA, University of California Press: 1990), p. 360
1176. (857) Ward and Churchill, Op Cit., p. 181; Washington Post, 7/15/80; New York Times' 5/15/80, quoted in Ibid.
1177. (858) Gene Wheaton, interview with author.
1178. (*) Using such individuals would also prove far easier than attempting to recruit American operatives, even hardened killers. The potential recruits willing to kill American men, women and children would be far more numerous among foreigners with a vendetta against the U.S.
1179. (859) Intelligence Newsletter (France), April 1993; Unclassfied, National Association of Security Alumni, date unknown.
1180. (*) Kansi's original target was believed to have been CIA Director Robert Gates.
1181. (860) Ben MacIntrye, London Times, 4/21/95, quoted in Keith, Op Cit., p. 154.
1182. (**) Curiously, Robert Jerlow, KFOR's private investigator, spotted the FBI watching al-Hussaini at the same time he was. Would this subsume that Hussaini was not part of an FBI-sanctioned operation?
1183. (**) It is also curious why one prominent alternative investigator ignored the Middle Eastern lead altogether, focusing solely on Elohim City. What this alleged reporter consistently missed is the dismembered military leg found in the rubble, the numerous witnesses who saw Middle Eastern suspects, and the APB on the brown pick-up driven by al-Hussaini. This reporter even went so far as to suggest that the men in the pick-up were Dennis Mahon and his comrades dressed up as Arabs! Given the scenario of a "second-level damage-control" operation steering critics of the government's case solely onto Elohim City, it can be surmised that at least some of the real bombers were part of the Middle Eastern contingent, and were CIA/FBI controlled, supplied and activated. This would explain why Gagan's involvement in the Middle Eastern cell was apparently ignored by the FBI. It would explain why Gagan was asked by an covert operative to deliver a Lely mixer to Junction City. And it would explain why the FBI cleared Hussain al-Hussaini, and why Sam Khalid acted so non-chalant when confronted with evidence of his involvement.
1184. (861) Statement of Jane Graham, 11/15/96.
1185. (862) Jane Graham, video deposition of 8/20/97 and interview with author.
1186. (*) As previously mentioned, representatives of the electric, telephone and gas companies, as well as local contractors bidding ona GSA renovation project, all denied having workmen who fit the mens' description at that location.
1187. (**) Also recall that on the same day or the following Monday, VA employees Dennis Jackson and Craig Freeman saw a suspicious group of Arabs inside the building after hours. One of them closely matched the description of the suspect seen with "McVeigh" by Phyliss Kingsley at the Hi-Way Grill that Sunday. They exited, said Freeman, towards the underground parking garage.
1188. ( Moreover, why would he do it so conspicuously, running a red light, attracting the attention of the police? This makes about as much sense as flying down the highway at 80 mph without a license plate.
1189. (863) Jane Graham, interview with author. Graham is a friend and co-worker of Johnston's.
1190. (*) How interesting that McVeigh and his co-conspirator would be loitering around the scene of such a heinous crime, right next to his readily identifiable yellow Mercury.
1191. (864) Statement of Jane Graham, 11/15/96.
1192. (**) When Francis Gary Powers' U-2 spy plane was discovered and shot down over Soviet air space, he failed to pull the destruct ring. Powers suspected that the CIA had it hooked to a zero-delay fuse so he bailed out without activating the self-destruct. Unfortunately, he had a fatal helicopter crash the week before he was supposed to testify before the House Select Assassination Committee.
1193. (*) It has been well-documented that the FBI and ATF illegaly leveled the crime scene at Waco, which was supposed to be under the jurisdiction of Texas Rangers; destroying evidence that ATF helicopters had indiscriminately fired into the roofs of the building at the beginning of the raid killing several people; had fired at the front door well before any shots had been fired in return, and had set explosive charges on top of a concrete vault in which women and children were hiding to escape the fire set. The front door (a metal door) which would have proved the second allegation was later found to be mysteriously "missing."
1194. (865) Tim Weiner, "Aging Shop of Horrors: The C.I.A. Limps to 50," New York Times, 7/20/97. As Milt Bearden, the Agency's last chief of Soviet operations, said, "The collapse of our enemy ensured our own demise." "We're a confused group, dying for stability," the Agency's Inspector General, Fred Hitz, said in a May speech.
1195. (*) It is interesting to examine this from the perspective of the German BND, the intelligence organization founded by Reinhard Gehlen at the behest of the CIA after WWII. Gehlen had been Hitler's senior intelligence officer on the Eastern Front, commanding the Fremde Heere Ost or "Foreign Armies East." The U.S. Government absorbed the Gehlen Org into its emerging intelligence apparatus (the CIA) in its entirety, in the belief that Gehlen's still largely intact network of spies would prove invaluable in America's fight against the Soviets. Walter Schellenberg, ex-head of Nazi foreign intelligence, claimed to author William Stevenson that Gehlen's organization was primarily a front for escaping Nazi war criminals. It was ultimately proved that approximately 90 percent of the "intelligence" coming out of the Gehlen Org regarding the Soviet threat, which led to the rise of the Cold War, was false, but was used by Gehlen and his Nazi comrades to perpetuate his organization.
1196. (*) Iron Mountain is supposedly a nuclear corporate hideout in Hudson, NY, similar to Mt. Weather in Virginia. It is also a reference to the town of Hudson, N.Y. where, at the Hudson Institute, war games and studies on future life were developed under the direction of Herman Kahn for governmental and private agencies. Kahn did not claim authorship however. As for Leonard Lewin, who finally claimed authorship of the report in 1972, "as a hoax," said that his intent was "to caricature the bankruptcy of the think-tank mentality by pursuing its style of scientistic thinking to its logical ends." Interestingly, the New York Times wrote "Many analysts believe that the report reflects a grasp of the Washington scene as well as an understanding of social psychology, ecology, economics and sociology that is beyond the ability of most satirists." Arthur I. Waskow of the Institute for Policy Studies told the Times he was surprised to see one of his privately circulated reports mentioned in the book. Waskow added that only about 60 people in Washington saw the report, "[so] if it's a hoax, it must involve somebody high up," he said. (New York Times, 11/1/67)
1197. (866) Leonard C. Lewin, Report from Iron Mountain on the Possibility and Desirability of Peace (New York, NY: Simon & Schuster/Free Press, 1996); Victor Navasky, "Anatomy of a Hoax," The Nation, 6/12/95; Robert Tomsho, "A Cause for Fear; Though Called a Hoax, 'Iron Mountain' Report Guides Some Militias," Wall Street Journal, 5/9/95, quoted in "Report from Iron Mountain: A Fraud?" Conspiracy Nation, Vol. 5 No. 8.
1198. (**) In much the same way as George Orwell's 1984 seems to be coming to pass today.
1199. (*) Emphasis mine.
1200. (867) Lewin, Op Cit., pp.94-96.
1201. (*) Emphasis mine.
1202. (868) Foreign Affairs, June/July, 1995.
1203. (869) Rappaport, Op Cit.
1204. (870) DeCamp, Op Cit., p. 380.
1205. (*) As Report from Iron Mountain states: "War supplies the basis for the general acceptance of political authority" which "has enabled societies to maintain necessary class distinctions," and "ensured the subordination of the citizen to the state ."
1206. (871) Noam Chomsky, Alternative Press Review, Fall, 1993.
1207. (872) David P. Hamilton and Bill Spindle, "Tokyo's Threat Was Just in Jest, But Some Call It a U.S. Backlash," The Wall Street Journal, 6/25/97. As the Journal noted: "offering to sell even a portion of that amount would likely send the Treasury market into a free fall. "
1208. (873) The majority of militia members are nonviolent and some have assisted the bureau in its investigations, he said.
1209. (874) William Jasper, "Enemies of World Order," The New American, 6/23/97.
1210. (875) DeCamp, Op Cit., p. 382.
1211. (*) As another famous politician once declared: "The streets of our country are in turmoil. The universities are filled with students rebelling and rioting. Communists are seeking to destroy our country. Russia is threatening us with her might. And the Republic is in danger. Yes, danger from within and without. We need law and order. Without law and order our nation cannot survive." The politician who made that famous statement was Adolph Hitler.
1212. (**) George Mintzer, the director of criminal investigations of the U.S. Southern District Attorney's Office from 1926 to 1931, maintained files on over 32,000 "subversive" Americans at the behest of his boss, Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau, a man who had close links with the ADL. Mintzer's files were made available to the Office of Naval Intelligence, the State Department, and to the FBI. In the mid-1950s, New York publisher Lyle Stuart exposed how the ADL was actually financing a rag-tag "neo-Nazi" group, which would engage in loud demonstrations outside synagogues at precisely the same time that the ADL was engaging in anti-Nazi fund-raising efforts. What is also interesting is that the ADL played a large role in protecting Mob figures such as Meyer Lansky, smearing potential law enforcement opponents as "Anti-Semetic." (Dope, Inc.: The Book That Drove Kissinger Crazy, (Washington DC: Executive Intelligence Review, 1992). p. 582; The Spotlight, 5/26/97)
1213. (876) "The Truth Steps Out: End of Blind Trust in the Media," Relevance, April, 1997.
1214. (877) Daniel Brandt, "The 1960s and COINTELPRO: In Defense of Paranoia," NameBase NewsLine, No. 10, July-September 1995.
1215. (*) A recent Scripps Howard News Service and Scripps School of Journalism poll of "conspiracy fears" revealed that 40% of Americans think it is very likely or somewhat likely that the FBI deliberately set the fires at Waco; 51% believe federal officials were responsible for the Kennedy assassination; 52% believe that it is very or somewhat likely that the CIA pushes drugs in the inner-cities; 39% believe it is very likely the U.S. Navy accidentally or purposefully shot down TWA Flight 800. 80% believe that the military is withholding evidence of Iraqi use of nerve gas or germ warfare during the Gulf War. Yet in the wake of the Oklahoma City bombing, 58 percent of Americans surveyed by the Los Angeles Times indicated they would trade some civil liberties if it would help thwart terrorism. Another poll, taken after the bombing by the Associated Press, revealed that 54 percent of Americans were willing to trade off some of their rights to prevent more Oklahoma City-style attacks. A poll taken during the Bush administration revealed that 60 percent of the population said that they would give up their rights to win the drug war
1216. (878) Rep. Steve Stockman, letter to Attorney General Janet Reno, 3/22/95, copy in author's possession.
1217. (879) Ibid.
1218. (*) Foster had allegedly used Pollard, a low-level naval intelligence analyst, on behalf of Reagan, Bush, and Casper Weinberger, to convey data to the Israelis. The favor was in return for Israel's help in trans-shipping U.S. weapons to Iran, as a pay-off for delaying the release of the American hostages, thereby defeating Jimmy Carter's bid for re-election. That scandal was known as "October Surprise." A federal judge, a Clinton crony, has kept the indictment sealed to this day.
1219. (*) The C-21 Lear Jet is a highly reliable aircraft. This particular plane was part of the presidential fleet based at Andrews Air Force base. According to military sources, the pilots who fly them are the best of the best. Clark Fiester, an assistant Air Force secretary for acquisitions, served on the NSA advisory board. Other ranking personnel were Maj. Gen. Glenn Profitt II, and Col. Jack Clark II. ("Rescuers Find Recorders in Military Crash," Washington Post (Reuters), 4/18/95; "The Eight Who died in Ala. Crash," Air Forces Monthly, date unknown; Alexander City Outlook, 4/18/95; Joe L. Jordan, National Vietnam P.O.W. Strike force; other information from confidential sources.)
1220. (**) The downing was suspiciously similar to the U.S. Air Force plane carrying Commerce Secretary Ron Brown that crashed in Bosnia on April 3, 1996, killing all 35 people. While the major news media attributed the crash to foul weather, the Air Force investigation report concluded that "the weather was not a substantially contributing factor to this mishap." The pilot had nearly 3,000 flight hours, and the co-pilot had even more. Five other planes had landed at the airport without difficulty in the minutes before the crash, and none experienced problems with the navigation beacons. The Air Force also skipped the first step of its investigative process, known as a safety board, in which all crashes are treated as suspicious, and went imediately to the second phase, an accident investigation. Two military pathologists at the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology (AFIP) Air Force Lt. Col. Steve Cogswell and Army Lt. Col. David Hause were quoted in the [Pittsburg] Tribune-Review as saying Brown suffered a head wound that could have been caused by a gunshot. "Essentially Brown had a .45-inch inwardly beveling circular hole in the top of his head, which is essentially the description of a .45-caliber gunshot wound," said Cogswell. Cogswell said that the original X-ray of Brown's head showed metal fragments in Brown's brain consistent with a disintegrating bullet. Forensic pathologist Dr. Cyril Wecht concluded there was "more than enough" evidence that Brown was assassinated. No autopsy was conducted, and all of the original head X-rays of Brown are now "missing" from Brown's case file. The sole survivor, stewardess Shelly Kelly, who had only minor cuts and bruises, mysteriously bled to death from a neat 3" incision above her femoral artery upon arrival at the hospital (the official story was that she died of a broken neck). Brown's law partner at Patton, Boggs and Blow died in a mysterious car wreck within one hour of the crash. Three days later, Niko Jerkuic, the maintenance chief at the Tulsa airport, who had guided the plane to its fatal rendezvous, "committed suicide." Brown, who was under investigation for bribery at the time [linked to the DNC and the Lippo Group, in turn linked to President Clinton], reportedly possessed sensitive information that could have implicated Clinton in a long list of criminal acts, and had threatened to blow the whistle. Congresswoman Maxine Waters and Kweisi Mfume, head of the NAACP, have called for an investigation into the matter. (Christopher Ruddy and Hugh Sprunt, "Questions linger about Ron Brown plane crash," 11/24/97; Christopher Ruddy, "Experts differ on Ron Brown's head wound," Tribune-Review, 12/3/97; "Ron Brown conspiracy protest today," UPI, 12/24/97.)
1221. (*) A conversation with former IRS investigator Bill Duncan (who, along with Arkansas Highway Patrol investigator Russell Welch, first uncovered the activities at Mena) shed little light on the matter. Duncan said he was unaware of any files removed from Arkansas to Oklahoma, although Duncan and Welch were under intense scrutiny for their courageous efforts. (An attempt on Russell's life was later made by poisoning him.) Curiously, long-time Washington correspondent Sara McClendon reported that the CIA was also seen removing large quanties of files from their offices on April 19.
1222. (880) Carol Moore, "Report on 1995 House Waco Hearings," revised, May, 1996.
1223. (**) Although FBI supervisor Larry Potts claimed there was one.
1224. (881) Peter Kawaja, interview with author.
1225. ( Secretary of State Warren Christopher had unveiled a similar plan four months earlier. "International terrorists, criminals and drug traffickers pose direct threats to our people and to our nation's interests," Christopher stated, as though he was referring to elements within our own government.
1226. (882) Ambrose Evans-Pritchard, "IRA 'supplied detonator for Oklahoma terror bomb,'" London Sunday Telegraph, 3/30/97.
1227. (883) Theodore Shackley, The Third Option: An Expert's Provocative Report on an American View of Counterinsurgency Operations, (New York, NY: Dell Publishing, 1981), p.17.
1228. (884) Gene Wheaton, "CIA: The Companies They Keep," Portland Free Press, July-October, 1996.
1229. (*) As Laventi Beria, Stalin's chief of security, stated in a speech at V. I. Lenin University regarding what he called "Psychopolitics," "Our fruits are grown in chaos, distrust, economic depression, and scientific turmoil. At last a weary populace can seek peace only in our offered Communist State; at last only Communism can resolve the problem of the masses."
1230. (885) Portland Free Press, June/July, 1997.
1231. (886) William Shirer, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich,
1232. (887) Suzanne Harris, J.D., "From Terrorism to Tyranny: How Governments Use Domestic Terrorism to Promote Totalitarian Change," The Law Loft, Los Angeles, CA, 1995.
1233. (888) Shirer, Op Cit.
1234. (889) Orville R. Weyrich, Jr., "Reichstag Fire," Weyrich Computer Consulting, 1995; William Jasper, "A Post-Oklahoma Kristallnacht," The New American, 5/129/95.
1235. (890) Jonas Bernstein, "U.S., Russia Sign Anti-Gangster Pact," Washington Times, 7/6/94; quoted in Namebase Newsline, "Organized Crime Threatens the New World Order," Jan-March, 1995; "FBI Chief: U.S. 'Under Attack' by Terrorists," U.S. News & World Report, 8/1/96.
1236. (891) USA TODAY, 3/11/93.
1237. (892) MTV, 3/22/94.
1238. (893) The Bill appropriates $114 million dollars for the FBI for fiscal year 1997 and $166 million for 1998. The White House, Press Briefing By Under Secretary of the Treasury For Enforcement Ron Noble, Deputy Attorney General Jamie Gorelick, and Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy Bruce Reed, 4/26/95.
1239. (894) Ace R. Hayes, "G-Men Cop Plea on Ruby Ridge," Portland Free Press, September/October, 1995. "The third sub-unit of this division is the "Special Detail Unit" which is designated to keep Gen. Reno from harm."
1240. (895) HR 97's sponsor is Rep. Barbara Kennelly (D-CT). The Senate's version is S. 1581, introduced in 1993 by Senator Joseph Lieberman (D-MA). Page 5 of the bill states: Members of the Rapid Deployment Force who are deployed to a jurisdiction shall be deputized in accordance with State law so as to empower such officers to make arrests and participate in the prosecution of criminal offenses under State law. "On The Fast-track To Fascism," Relevance magazine, February, 1995.
1241. (896) Joe Hendricks, Chief of Police, Windsor, Missouri, "Police Chief Rejects Trend Toward National Police," The Idaho Observer, June, 1997.
1242. (*) Recent rules in certain counties in Wyoming have changed this policy, and legislation is pending as of this writing in Montana to require federal agents to seek authorization of the local sheriff before conducting a raid.
1243. (897) In a nationwide survey of 690 police departments in cities with populations of 50,000 or more, researchers found that 90 percent now have active SWAT teams, compared to 60 percent in the early 1980s.
1244. (898) Soldier of Fortune, August, 1995.
1245. (899) William Booth, Washington Post, 6/17/97.
1246. (900) To obtain a copy of these hearings call (202) 224-3121 and ask for the House Judiciary Subcommittee on Crime and Criminal Justice, or call your Congressman.
1247. (901) Associated Press, 12/24/94.
1248. (902) "Hard Landing by Army Copter Hurts Two," Houston Chronicle, 10/29/96.
1249. (903) Mike Blair, The Spotlight, 11/14/94; Miller, Op Cit.
1250. (904) Lori-Anne Miller, "Bombing Sounds Rattle Neighborhood," The Detroit News, 10/2/94; Mark Spencer, posted on AEN Newsgroup, 10/02/94.
1251. (*) It seems that President Clinton suspended the law restricting the use of military force within U.S. borders in a little-known codicil of PDD-25, a Presidential Decision Directive that is an "open secret" in the military and Congress, but is largely unknown to the American citizens.
1252. (905) "The Pentagon Brings its Wars Home," Sources Ejournal, Volume 2, Issue 1, January, 1997. Army Lt. Gen. J.H. Binford Peay points out in an Army publication titled, Tomorrow's Missions, that "military forces [today] are required to provide domestic national assistance, such as internal peace-keeping and anti-drug operations and support of civil authorities to maintain stability in a rapidly changing America."
1253. (906) Jonathan Volzke, "Urban Combat Training: Marines Hit the Rooftops," Orange County Register, 3/19/93, quoted in Terry Cook, The Mark of the New World Order (Springdale, PA, Whitacker House, 1996), p. 81.
1254. (907) Major General Max Baratz, "New shape of Army Reserve Supports New Missions," Army Reserve, Summer, 1994.
1255. (908) William F. Jasper, "Fact and Fiction: Sifting Reality from Alarmist Rumors," New American, 10/31/94.
1256. (*) Now, with the Crime Bill, the FBI can be "deputized" in local areas to enforce local laws upon demand by the FBI. In other words, if the FBI wants to work locally and use state and local laws, they can demand the local sheriff deputize them then they are not constrained by federal limitations.
1257. (*) In February, 1982 President Ray-Gun signed a series of National Security Decision Directives (NSDDs), which provided for increased domestic counterintelligence efforts and the maintenance of law and order in a variety of emergencies, including terrorist incidents, civil disturbances, and nuclear emergencies.
1258. (909) "Could It Happen Here?" Mother Jones, April, 1988. "Packard's directive says turning over law enforcement to the army will 'normally' require a Presidential Executive Order, but that this requirement can be waived in 'cases of sudden and unexpected emergencies... which require that immediate military action be taken.'"
1259. (910) Keenen Peck, "The Take-Charge Gang," The Progressive, May, 1985; Reynolds, Op Cit.
1260. (*) Former Attorney William French Smith blocked the expansion of FEMA's jurisdiction in 1984, but after Smith left office, North and his FEMA cronies came up with the Defense Resource Act, designed to suspended the First Amendment by imposing censorship and banning strikes.
1261. (911) Michael Levine with Laura Kavanau, Triangle of Death, (New York: Delacorte Press, 1996), p. 353.
1262. (912) Mike Levine, interview with author.
1263. (*) The Los Angeles riots resulted in 11,113 fires, 2,383 injuries, and 54 deaths. There were 13,212 arrests. The damage was estimated at $717 million.
1264. (913) "Police May Have Ignored Basic Riot Plan," New York Times, 5/7/92, quoted in Ibid.
1265. (914) "Riot Found Police in Disarray Officers Kept from Flash Point Despite Pleas," Los Angeles Times, 5/6/92, quoted in Constantine, p. 33.
1266. (*) In 1979, five Communist Workers Party members were murdered by neo-Nazis and Klansmen in Greensboro, NC during a protest march. The KKK and Nazi groups were infiltrated and led by FBI provocateur Edward Dawson and ATF informant Bernard Butkovich. Interestingly, two police other officers responding to a domestic call in the area just prior to the shootings noted a suspicious lack of patrol cars in the area. Officer Wise subsequently reported being asked by police dispatch how long they anticipated being at their call, and were then advised to "clear the area as soon as possible." (See Chapter 15)
1267. (**) Alex Constantine (Blood, Carnage, and the Agent Provocateur), who interviewed local residents, discovered that some of the arsonists were clearly not locals.
1268. (915) Parker and Bradley Clash at Riot Inquiry, Los Angeles Times, 9/15/65, quoted in Ibid., pp. 65-66; Ibid., p. 53.
1269. (916) Ibid., p. 69. McCone testified before the Warren Commission that Lee Harvey Oswald's connections to the Agency were "minor."
1270. (917) "The Kent State Shootings," KPFK-FM, Los Angeles, 5/3/89, quoted in Constantine, p. 25.
1271. (918) Tackwood, Op Cit., quoted in Ibid., p. 61.
1272. (919) William Mendel, Colonel, USA, (retired), "Combat in Cities: The LA Riots and Operation Rio," Foreign Military Studies Office, Fort Leavenworth, KS, July 1996.
1273. (920) Ace R. Hayes, "G-Men Cop Plea on Ruby Ridge," Portland Free Press, September/October, 1995.
1274. (921) Mark Riebling, Wedge: The Secret War Between the FBI and CIA, p.429.
1275. (*) During the 1994 elections, House Judiciary Committee chair Jack Brooks was overheard joking about the massacre: "Horrible people. Despicable people. Burning to death was too good for them. They'd like a slower method."
1276. (*) PBS Frontline did a piece in 1995 showing victims of torture which occurred in one Chicago police district. It was claimed that torture was often used on suspects in that district so as to obtain confessions.
1277. (922) Shackley, Op Cit., p. 13.
1278. (**) U.S. Army psychological warfare expert Lt. Col. Michael Acquino, who wrote a manual on mind control for mass populations, was fascinated by the Nazis and their relationship to the occult. Acquino traveled to Weiselsburg Castle in Germany where Hitler and Himmler performed their occult rituals in order to control their SS puppets to slay the population.
1279. (*) Acquino is the leader of the Temple of Set. He was accused by a Presidio Army Chaplain of molesting the Chaplain's 3-year-old daughter, and was investigated by San Francisco police. The Army buried the case, and my Freedom of Information Act requests went unheeded. Acquino, his satanic powers apparently on the wan, threatened to sue the author.
1280. (923) Ivan Sharp, "Presidio Satanist a Scarey Enigma," San Francisco Examiner, 11/2/98.
1281. (924) The New American, 3/18/96, Vol. 12, No. 6. Apparently, Schumer felt that Militia hearings were more important than an investigation of the murder of 82 innocent people by the Federal Government at Waco. Fortunately, most of his fellow Congressmen did not agree.
1282. (*) Emphasis in original.
1283. (925) Marchetti, O p Cit.
1284. (926) Frank Donner, The Age of Surveillance: The Aims and Methods of America's Political Intelligence System, (New York, NY: Vintage Books, 1981), quoted in Connolly, Op Cit.
1285. (*) Nichols had arranged a joint venture between Wackenhut and the Cabazon reservation in Indio, California to manufacture machineguns, night-vision goggles, fuel-air explosives, poison gas, and biological weapons, some of which were illegally shipped to the Contras. Wackenhut used the tribe's status as a sovereign nation to evade the Boland Amendment prohibiting aid to Somoza's so-called "freedom fighters."Jimmy Hughes, Nichols' former Wackenhut bodyguard, claims to be in possession of documentation linking Cabazon operatives to a hit list of political targets, including Swedish Prime Minister Olof Palme, murdered in 1986, reportedly for interfering in a similar covert arms operation in his country, involving Israeli intelligence agent Amiram Nir, and Cyrus Hashemi, both high-level operatives in the Reagan/Bush arms-for-hostages-for-drugs network.( (Thomas and Keith, Op Cit., pp. 28-34.)
1286. (927) Daniel Brandt, "Organized Crime Threatens the New World Order," NameBase NewsLine, No. 8, January-March 1995.
1287. (*) Interestingly, William Northrop is a good friend of George Petrie's, and acted as a middle-man between the CIA, the Israelis, and the Contras in illegal arms deals. He was prosecuted by former U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York (now Mayor) Rudolph Gulliani, who described him as one of the "Merchants of Death."
1288. (928) Frank Greve, Matthew Purdy, and Mark Fazlollah, "Firm Says U.S. Urged Covert Plots," Philadelphia Inquirer, 4/26/87, quoted in Christic, Op Cit., and Rodney Stich, Defrauding America (Alamo, CA: Diablo Western Press, 1994), p. 604. "Richard Meadows served for a time as Peregrine's president. Charles Odorizzo and William Patton, worked for the group. Peregrine's key contacts were retired Army Lt. Gen. Samuel Wilson (former Director of the DIA) and Lt. Col. Wayne E. Long, who as of April 1987 worked as a senior officer in the Foreign Operations Group, which is a part of the Army's intelligence support activity office."
1289. (929) Stich, Op Cit., p. 604; ANV had a contract with U.S. Military Central Command, the influential connection coming through USMC Major General Wesley Rice of the Pentagon Joint Special Operations Agency. Rice was a close friend of Bush, Helms, and Shackley, Wheaton, Op Cit.; Deposition of Sam Hall, 9/9/87, quoted in Christic, Op Cit.
1290. (*) Emphasis in original.
1291. (930) Gene Wheaton, "Secret Island Spy Base," Portland Free Press, July-October, 1996. Wheaton and Hunt both claims that an ABC news helicopter was shot down over the island in 1985, killing a female reporter. The incident was covered up for reasons of "national security."
1292. (931) Declaration of Plaintiff's Counsel, U.S. District Court, Southern District of Florida, Tony Avirgan and Martha Honey v. John Hull, et al., Civil Case No. 86-1146-CIV-KING, filed 3/31/88 by the Christic Institute; It seems Whitlam was about to announce the truth of Pine Gap at a press conference. By November 7, 1975, the covers of three more CIA agents had been blown in the press.
1293. (*) This will be explored more fully in Volume Two.
1294. (932) Luigi DiFonzo, St. Peter's Banker, (New York, NY: Franklin Watts, 1983); NameBase NewsLine, No. 5, April-June 1994. According to Conspiracy Nation publisher Brian Redman, Gelli attended Ronald Reagan's inauguration and the accompanying ball in 1981; Mark Aarons and John Loftons, Ratlines (London, Heinemann, 1991), p. 89, quoted in Nexus, February/March, 1996.
1295. (933) Ibid.
1296. (934) "Staying Behind: NATO's Terror Network," Arm The Spirit, October, 1995, (Source: Fighting Talk - Issue 11 - May 1995; Thomas & Keith, Op Cit., p.77. According to Jonathan Vankin, Italian Journalist Mino Percorelli claimed the CIA pulled P2's strings. He was killed after publishing the article.
1297. (*) One early result of this fear on the Right was a failed coup attempt in 1970 by Navy Commander Prince Valerio Borghese, a supporter of the main Italian Fascist party MSI.
1298. (935) Stuart Christie, Stefano Delle Chiaie: Portrait of a Black Terrorist (London: Dark horse Press, 1984), p. 32.
1299. (936) Ibid.
1300. (937) Christie, Op Cit.
1301. (938) Stuart Christie, "Stefano Delle Chiaie: Portrait of a Black Terrorist," (London: Anarchy Magazine, Refract Publications, 1984), p. 52.
1302. (939) Ibid.
1303. (*) This is similar to the release of Cuban terrorist Orlando Bosch by George Bush.
1304. (940) David Yallop, In God's Name (London: Corgi Books, 1985), p. 172; "Il Gladio," BBC exposé, June, 1995, quoted in Ibid.
1305. (941) Steve Mizrach, "Murder in the Vatican? The attempt on the life of John Paul II," posted on Internet.
1306. (942) Christie, Op Cit.
1307. (943) Edward S. Herman, The Terrorism Industry (New York, NY: Pantheon, 1989), p. 226.
1308. (*) It was also discovered by the Belgian press that Wackenhut guards had been luring immigrant children into basements and beating them.
1309. (944) Reuter, 7/14/96.
1310. (945) New American, Op Cit.
1311. (946) Ari Ben-Menashe, Profits of War: Inside the Secret U.S.-Israeli Arms Network, (New York: Sheridan Square Press, 1992), p. 122. Eitan was responsible for collecting scientific and intelligence information from other countries through espionage. (Art Kunkin: "The Octopus Conspiracy").
1312. (947) Patrick Seale, Abu Nidal: A Gun for Hire, (New York, NY: Random House, 1992), p. 158.
1313. (948) Ibid., p. 153, 214.
1314. (949) Ibid., pp. 265-66.
1315. (*) Abu Nidal did business at the Bank of Credit and Commerce International (BCCI), a CIA proprietary which laundered drug proceeds for the North/Secord "Enterprise," the Mujahadeen, and catered to the likes of Manuel Noriega, Saddam Hussein, and Ferdinand Marcos.
1316. (950) Mike Levine, interview with author.
1317. (951) William Jasper, "The Price of Peace," The New American, 2/5/96.
1318. (952) Uri Dan and Dennis Eisenberg, A State Crime: The Assassination of Rabin, (Paris: Belfond, 1996), quoted in Conspiracy Nation, Vol. 8 Num. 02.
1319. (953) New American, 12/25/95.
1320. (954) Roberts, Op Cit., p. 395.
1321. (955) Ibid., p. 369.
1322. (956) Ibid., p. 402.
1323. (*) In fact, Singlaub is known to control at least one airfield in Arizona.
1324. (957) "FBI accidentally faxes memo on Amtrak suspect," Associated Press, 9/4/97.
1325. (*) Chief Superintendent Job Mayo, head of the National Capital Region Command of the police claimed a group called the Paracale Gang apparently did the bombings after failing to rob the Citibank on Paseo de Roxas in Salcedo Village, Makati.
1326. (958) "Grenade blast Rocks Makati 4 wounded: Rep Arroyo Accuses Military of Bombing to Justify Anti-Terrorist Bill," source: Manila dailies.
1327. (959) Husayn Al-Kurdi, "Libya: The Perpetual Target," News International Press Service, date unknown. Regarding America's reaction to Libyan independence, Kurdi notes: "The idea that emancipation from want, ignorance and injustice was to be actually implemented somewhere is unacceptable to an entity that foments poverty and dependence everywhere."
1328. (960) Under the authority of the 1977 International Emergency Economic Powers Act
1329. (961) John Goetz, "Ten Years Later: La Belle Disco Bombing," Covert Action Quarterly, Spring, 1996. (author's note: The Los Angeles Times reported that "Israeli intelligence, not the Reagan administration, was a major source of some of the most dramatic published reports about a Libyan assassination team allegedly sent to kill President Reagan and other top U.S. officials... Israel, which informed sources said has wanted an excuse to go in and bash Libya for a long time,' may be trying to build American public support for a strike against Qaddafi.")
1330. (962) Seymour Hersh, "Target Qaddafi," New York Times Magazine, 2/22/87, quoted in Covert Action Quarterly, date unknown.
1331. (963) Ibid.
1332. (964) Goetz, Op Cit. Faysal testified, saying: "I am not of the opinion that the attack against La Belle was done by those Libyans whom I know [the Nuri group], but rather by a different group Many of the Libyans behaved suspiciously. That was to hide the group that in reality did the attack."
1333. (965) Rick Atkinson, "US Delays Underlined As Disco Bombing Suspect Freed in Lebanon," Washington Post, 8/3/94; quoted in Ibid.
1334. (966) Goetz, Op Cit. "A week after the bombing, Manfred Ganschow, chief of the anti terrorist police in Berlin, "rejected the assumption that suspicion is concentrated on Libyan culprits."
1335. (*) Posey denied the allegations in an interview with the author. In an interview with the author, Federal Public Defender John Mattes felt the plot wasn't being seriously considered.
1336. (967) Christic, Op Cit.; Jack Terrell, interview with author. (Also: See the Village Voice, 9/29/87, and 13/30/86.)
1337. (*) Statements of Jesus Garcia to Federal Public Defender John Mattes; The plot is briefly mentioned in Jack Terrell's book, Disposable Patriot (Bethesda, MD, National Press Books, 1992), p. 321; Terrell also confirmed the plot in an interview on NBC nightly news; Peter Glibbery, a mercenary operating in Contra camps near Hull's ranch, recalled attempting to transport explosives from the ranch to Jones' ranch, and being told it was needed "for the embassy job."
1338. (968) Jack Terrell, NBC transcript, quoted in Christic, Op Cit. The Octopus would attempt to silence Terrell by informing the FBI that he had threatened the life of the President.
1339. (*) According to Jack Terrell, Contra leader Adolfo Calero complained that Pastora had described the FDN (Contras) as "homicidal, Somicista sons of bitches."
1340. (969) Cockburn, Op Cit.
1341. (970) Deposition of Gene Wheaton; Deposition of Eden Pastora; testimony of Jack Terrell, quoted in Christic, Op Cit.
1342. (*) On June 22, 1984, Pastora met with Dewy Clarridge and Vince Cannistraro, who offered to help Pastora find the killers. (Sure.) Harper's explosives training was allegedly courtesy of John Singlaub and Robert K. Brown (publisher of Soldier of Fortune ).
1343. (971) Cockburn, Op Cit., pp. 56-57; Christic, Op Cit.
1344. (*) GArcia and his family were later threatened with a live 105mm mortar round placed on their front lawn.
1345. (972) Ibid., John Mattes, interview with author.
1346. (973) Jack Terrell, Disposable Patriot (Washington, D.C: National Press Book, 1992).
1347. (974) As Col. Dan Marvin notes, that statement, written by White in a letter to a friend, was broadcast on ABC TV in 1979 in a documentary produced by John Marks.
1348. (975) Sara McClendon, interview with author; Debra Von Trapp, interview with author.
1349. (976) V.Z. Lawton, interview with author.
1350. (*) Maroney's wife also told me Mickey was seconded to the DEA and FBI in Cyprus, who were investigating a counterfeiting ring (probably Iranian). As discussed previously, Cyprus is where DIA agent Lester Coleman worked with the DEA, and where he learned about Khalid Jaffer, the courier who allegedly carried the bomb onboard Pan Am flight 103. Maroney worked in Cyprus in 1993.
1351. (977) Daily Oklahoman, 8/14/97.
1352. (978) Mike Levine, interview with author.
1353. (979) Ace R. Hayes, "Sacrificial Goat," Portland Free Press, July/October, 1997.
1354. (*) "The prosecutors must pare down their case so that it does not bore the jury," legal analyst Kenneth Stern recommended in the American Jewish Committee's recent white paper on the trial. "In cases such as these, prosecutors too often present a 'Cadillac' when a 'Chevrolet' would do much better." (Associated Press, 04/18/97)
1355. (980) Steven K. Paulson, "Media Object to Sealed Documents in Oklahoma City Bombing Case," Associated Press,12/13/96.
1356. (*) Also recall that former CIA operative Gunther Russbacher claimed that several Las Vegas casinos, including Binyon's Horseshoe, are slush-fund pay-off points through Shamrock Development Corp. The recipients collect their money in the form of gambling chips, which they then cash in. It is worth noting that the CEO of Shamrock, Donald Lutz, was on the management staff of Silverado Savings & Loan. "E. Trine Starnes, Jr., the third largest Silverado borrower, was a major donor to the National Endowment for the Preservation of Liberty (NEPL), directed by Carl "Spitz" Channell, which was a part of Oliver North's Contra funding and arms support network. Wayne Reeder, another Beebe associate, a big borrower from Silverado, defaulted on a $14 million loan. Reeder was involved in an unsuccessful arms deal with the Contras. (Jack Colhoun, "The Family That Preys Together," Covert Action Quarterly, date unknown.)
1357. (*) As Jones explained in the Writ: "This issue arrives before the Court at this late date simply because the defense has repeatedly gone to the government with information and requests, had to then seek intervention from the district court, and the last district court order has been issued within the last two weeks ."
1358. (981) Jones' defense team member, confidential interview with author.
1359. (*) As McVeigh later explained to his hometown newspaper: "In the instant context, you could take [the statement] to reflect on the death penalty and the charges leveled against me. I was accused and convicted of killing they say that's wrong, and now they're going to kill me."
1360. (982) Associated Press & The Hays Daily News, 8/14/97.
1361. (983) Bill Hewitt and Nickie Bane, "Humble? Forget It," People, 3/31/97.
1362. (*) Senior partner Brendon Sullivan represented Oliver North during the Iran-Contra hearings.
1363. (984) Janet Elliott, Mark Ballard, Robert Elder Jr., Gordon Hunter, "Nichols' Lawyers: The Odd Couple," Texas Lawyer, 3/22/96; Robert Schmidt, "Representing the Accused Bomber," Legal Times, 5/22/95; Constantine, "The Good Soldier," Op Cit.
1364. (985) Jim Bellingham, interview with author.
1365. (986) John DeCamp, The Franklin Cover-Up (Lincoln, NE: AWT, Inc., 1996), pp. 345-46.
1366. (987) Letter from Stephen Jones to author, 4/21/97.
1367. (*) As McVeigh's appeal brief stated: "Because the government's counsel attributed Mr. McVeigh's conduct to his anger at the Federal Government over Waco, Mr. McVeigh should have been entitled to show that the government had some culpability in provoking that anger," his attorneys said. "This evidence and argument would have provided a mitigating explanation for the otherwise inexplicable transformation of Mr. McVeigh from the thoughtful, responsible and playful person described by Mr. McVeigh's childhood friends, teachers and families to someone who appeared bent on destruction.'" (AP, 1/16/98)
1368. (988) General Benton K. Partin, interview with author.
1369. (989) Stephen Jones, letter to author, 9/9/97.
1370. (990) Ibid.
1371. (*) "[Howe] said she saw McVeigh walking with Elohim City security chief Andreas Strassmeir, who had advocated violence against the government. One juror didn't at first even recall Howe's testimony. Another, [juror Chris] Seib, said, "I don't know. We felt there was something there. You know, we kind of skimmed through that pretty quick."
1372. (991) Nolan Clay, "Some Jurors Convinced Others Involved Nichols Trial Renews Speculation Concerning John Doe 2," Daily Oklahoman, 1/11/98.
1373. (992) Steven K. Paulson, "Jurors leave bombing sentence to judge, criticize prosecution's case, "Associated Press, 1/8/98.
1374. (993) Ibid.
1375. (994) Ibid.
1376. (995) Nolan Clay, "Some Jurors Convinced Others Involved Nichols Trial Renews Speculation Concerning John Doe 2," Daily Oklahoman, 1/11/98.
1377. (*) The first man LBJ met with on Nov 29th, after he had cleared the foreign dignitaries out of Washington was Waggoner Carr, Texas Attorney General, to tell him. "No trial in Texas... ever." (Prouty)
1378. (996) John Greiner, "Court Asked to Ensure Macy Explores All Bombing Angles," Daily Oklahoman, 6/28/97.
1379. (*) Key's attorney Mark Sanford said the Supreme Court was willing to back Key up, by forcing Macy to do his job properly.
1380. (997) District Attorney Bob Macy, interview with author.
1381. (998) George Hansen, interview with author.
1382. (*) According to Oklahoma Statutes, Title 22, Section 331 (General powers and duties of grand jury), Notes of Decisions: "Grand jury functions as an inquisitorial body; once it is convoked by the court, its duty is to investigate law violations [Tweedy v. Oklahoma Bar Ass'n, Okl. 624 P.2d 1049 (1981)]... Investigation by grand jury or a preliminatry examination by magistrate is not a trial, and the rules of evidence are not to be applied as rigidly as in trial of case before court. [Magill v. Miller, Okl. Cr., 455 P.2d 715 (1969)] ."
1383. (*) In a letter hand-delivered to the Grand Jury, Representative Key asked to testify a second time to present evidence that the DA's office refused to allow a video of "contemporaneous news accounts" because it was considered to be hearsay. As Mike Johnston, Key's attorney, stated in the letter, "The objection or contention that a grand jury cannot use hearsay evidence is not well founded." Morgan responded by thereafter refusing to communicate with Key except through his attorney. So much for cooperation.
1384. (999) "Grand Jury Told Seismic Readings Unclear in Bombing," Daily Oklahoman, 9/19/97.
1385. (1000) Ibid.
1386. (1001) KWTV Channel 9 broadcast, 06/16/97.
1387. (1002) Lynn Wallace, posted on OKBOMB mailing list.
1388. (1003) Michael Rivero, posted on OKBOMB mailing list.
1389. (1004) Edye Ann Smith, Individually and on Behalf of Her Minor Children, Chase Smith, Deceased, and Colton Smith, Deceased, Plaintiffs, vs. Timothy James McVeigh, Michael Brescia, Michael Fortier and Andreas Carl Strassmeir and Other Unknown Individuals, Defendants, Case No. CJ-96-18.
1390. (1005) KFOR's information is currently in possession of the Congressional Task Force on Terrorism and Unconventional Warfare. As of this writing, Rep. James Traficant (D-OH) displayed an interest inholding OKBOMB hearings.
1391. This statement by Ben Menache about Mohammed Radi Abdullah was proven to be libelous. See the documents to that effect.