Vindiciae Contra Tyrannos
A Defense of Liberty Against Tyrants

by Junius Brutus[1]




Populum, Populique in Principem, legitima postestate


Bruto Celta, Autore.

1. Attributed to Philippe Duplessis-Mornay (1549-1623) and Hubert Languet (1518-1581). Published in Amsterdam by Valckenier in 1660.[2] The authors of "the Judgment and Decree of the university of Oxford, Passed in their Convocation, July 21, 1683, against Certain Pernicious Books and damnable Doctrines" included Vindiciae contra Tyrannos among those contemporary books to be burnt for including the proposition "That if lawful governors become tyrants, or govern otherwise than by the laws of God and man [as] they ought to do, they forfeit the right they had unto their government."[3]

Thanks for obtaining this information goes to J. S. Arkenberg <>.


Taken from in a long-unfinished state, and corrected.

Thanks to Kevin Gowen for work on revisions, mainly to modernize some of the language.

This book is available as a paperback from Still Waters Revival Books

A new, complete and much superior translation is available from Cambridge University Press, edited and translated by George Garnett. (1994). Because of copyright, we cannot make it available online.

2. Short-Title Catalogue Netherlands (STCN), reported by Erik Geleyns <>.

3. Reported by Newton Key <>.

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