After the first enumeration, required by the first article of the
Constitution, there shall be one Representative for every thirty thousand,
until the number shall amount to one hundred; to which number one
Representative shall be added for every subsequent increase of forty thousand,
until the Representatives shall amount to two hundred, to which number one
Representative shall be added for every subsequent increase of sixty thousand
ARTICLE THE SECOND.
No law, varying the compensation for the services of the Senators and
Representatives, shall take effect, until an election of Representatives shall
ARTICLE THE THIRD.
Congress shall make no law establishing articles of faith, or a mode of
worship, or prohibiting the free exercise of religion, or abridging the freedom
of speech, or of the press, or the right of the people peaceably to assemble,
and to petition to the government for a redress of grievances.
ARTICLE THE FOURTH.
A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free State,
the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed.
ARTICLE THE FIFTH.
No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house, without the
consent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by
ARTICLE THE SIXTH.
The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and
effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and
no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or
affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the
persons or things to be seized.
ARTICLE THE SEVENTH.
No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous
crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases
arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service
in time of war or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same
offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in
any criminal case, to be a witnesses against himself, nor be deprived of life,
liberty or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be
taken for public use without just compensation.
ARTICLE THE EIGHTH.
In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy
and public trial, to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation, to
be confronted with the witnesses against him, to have compulsory process for
obtaining witnesses in his favour, and to have the assistance of counsel for
ARTICLE THE NINTH.
In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty
dollars, the right of trial by Jury shall be preserved, and no fact, tried by a
Jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any court of the United States, than
according to the rules of the common law.
ARTICLE THE TENTH.
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel
and unusual punishments inflicted.
ARTICLE THE ELEVENTH.
The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be
construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.