Amendments Passed by
the House of Representatives
August 24, 1789
ARTICLE THE FIRST.
After the first enumeration, required by the first Article of the
Constitution, there shall be one Representative for every thirty thousand,
until the number shall amount to one hundred, after which the proportion shall
be so regulated by Congress, that there shall be not less than one hundred
Representatives, nor less than one Representative for every forty thousand
persons, until the number of Representatives shall amount to two hundred, after
which the proportion shall be so regulated by Congress, that there shall not be
less than two hundred Representatives, nor less than one Representative for
every fifty thousand persons.
ARTICLE THE SECOND.
No law varying the compensation to the members of Congress, shall take
effect, until an election of Representatives shall have intervened.
ARTICLE THE THIRD.
Congress shall make no law establishing religion or prohibiting the free
exercise thereof, nor shall the rights of Conscience be infringed.
ARTICLE THE FOURTH.
The Freedom of Speech, and of the Press, and the right of the People
peaceably to assemble, and consult for their common good, and to apply to the
Government for a redress of grievances, shall not be infringed.
ARTICLE THE FIFTH.
A well regulated militia, composed of the body of the People, being the best
security of a free State, the right of the People to keep and bear arms, shall
not be infringed, but no one religiously scrupulous of bearing arms, shall be
compelled to render military service in person.
ARTICLE THE SIXTH.
No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house without the
consent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by
ARTICLE THE SEVENTH.
The right of the People to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and
effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and
no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause supported by oath or
affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the
persons or things to be seized.
ARTICLE THE EIGHTH.
No person shall be subject, except in case of impeachment, to more than one
trial, or one punishment for the same offence,* nor shall be
compelled in any criminal case, to be a witness against himself, nor be
deprived of life, liberty or property, without due process of law; nor shall
private property be taken for public use without just compensation.
ARTICLE THE NINTH.
In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy
and public trial, to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation, to
be confronted with the witnesses against him, to have compulsory process for
obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of counsel for his
ARTICLE THE TENTH.
The trial of all crimes (except in cases of impeachment, and in cases
arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia when in actual service
in time of War or public danger) shall be by an Impartial Jury of the Vicinage,
with the requisite of unanimity for conviction, the right of challenge, and
other accostomed [sic] requisites; and no person shall be held to answer for a
capital, or otherways [sic] infamous crime, unless on a presentment or
indictment by a Grand Jury; but if a crime be committed in a place in the
possession of an enemy, or in which an insurrection may prevail, the indictment
and trial may by law be authorised in some other place within the same State.
ARTICLE THE ELEVENTH.
No appeal to the Supreme Court of the United States, shall be allowed, where
the value in controversy shall not amount to one thousand dollars, nor shall
any fact, triable by a Jury according to the course of the common law, be
otherwise re-examinable, than according to the rules of common law.
ARTICLE THE TWELFTH.
In suits at common law, the right of trial by Jury shall be preserved.
ARTICLE THE THIRTEENTH.
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel
and unusual punishments inflicted.
ARTICLE THE FOURTEENTH.
No State shall infringe the right of trial by Jury in criminal cases, nor
the rights of conscience, nor the freedom of speech, or of the press.
ARTICLE THE FIFTEENTH.
The enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights, shall not be
construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.
ARTICLE THE SIXTEENTH.
The powers delegated by the Constitution to the government of the United
States, shall be exercised as therein appropriated, so that the Legislative
shall never exercise the powers vested in the Executive or Judicial; nor the
Executive the powers vested in the Legislative or Judicial; nor the Judicial
the powers vested in the Legislative or Executive.
ARTICLE THE SEVENTEENTH.
The powers not delegated by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it, to the
States, are reserved to the States respectively.
* This word in the Archives copy is spelled
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